Form 10-K
Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10-K

(Mark One)

x Annual Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2011

OR

 

¨ Transition Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the transition period from              to             

Commission file number 1-9356

 

 

Buckeye Partners, L.P.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware   23-2432497

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(IRS Employer

Identification number)

One Greenway Plaza

Suite 600

Houston, TX

  77046
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (832) 615-8600

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class

 

Name of each exchange on which registered

Limited partner units representing limited partnership interests   New York Stock Exchange

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

None

 

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.    Yes  ¨    No  x

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate website, if any, every Interactive Date File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

Large accelerated filer   x    Accelerated filer   ¨
Non-accelerated filer   ¨  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)    Smaller reporting company   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).    Yes  ¨    No  x

At June 30, 2011, the aggregate market value of the registrant’s limited partner units and Class B units held by non-affiliates was $5.9 billion. The calculation of such market value should not be construed as an admission or conclusion by the registrant that any person is in fact an affiliate of the registrant.

Limited partner units and Class B units outstanding as of February 21, 2012: 90,279,384 and 7,304,880, respectively.

 

 

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

Portions of the registrant’s Proxy Statement being prepared for the solicitation of proxies in connection with the 2012 Annual Meeting of Limited Partners are incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K.

 

 

 


Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

          Page  
PART I   
Item 1.   

Business

     1   
Item 1A.   

Risk Factors

     18   
Item 1B.   

Unresolved Staff Comments

     33   
Item 2.   

Properties

     33   
Item 3.   

Legal Proceedings

     33   
Item 4.   

Mine Safety Disclosures

     34   
PART II   
Item 5.   

Market for the Registrant’s LP Units, Related Unitholder Matters, and Issuer Purchases of LP Units

     34   
Item 6.   

Selected Financial Data

     37   
Item 7.   

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

     38   
Item 7A.   

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

     66   
Item 8.   

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

     71   
Item 9.   

Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

     137   
Item 9A.   

Controls and Procedures

     137   
Item 9B.   

Other Information

     137   
PART III   
Item 10.   

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

     137   
Item 11.   

Executive Compensation

     137   
Item 12.   

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Unitholder Matters

     138   
Item 13.   

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions and Director Independence

     138   
Item 14.   

Principal Accounting Fees and Services

     138   
PART IV   
Item 15.   

Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules

     138   


Table of Contents

CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

The information contained in this Annual Report on Form 10-K (this “Report”) includes “forward-looking statements.” All statements that express belief, expectation, estimates or intentions, as well as those that are not statements of historical facts, are forward-looking statements. Such statements use forward-looking words such as “proposed,” “anticipate,” “project,” “potential,” “could,” “should,” “continue,” “estimate,” “expect,” “may,” “believe,” “will,” “plan,” “seek,” “outlook” and other similar expressions that are intended to identify forward-looking statements, although some forward-looking statements are expressed differently. These statements discuss future expectations and contain projections. Specific factors that could cause actual results to differ from those in the forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to: (1) changes in federal, state, local and foreign laws or regulations to which we are subject, including those that permit the treatment of us as a partnership for federal income tax purposes, (2) terrorism, adverse weather conditions, including hurricanes, environmental releases, and natural disasters, (3) changes in the marketplace for our products or services, such as increased competition, better energy efficiency, or general reductions in demand, (4) adverse regional, national or international economic conditions, adverse capital market conditions or adverse political developments, (5) shutdowns or interruptions at the source points for the products we transport, store, or sell, (6) unanticipated capital expenditures in connection with the construction, repair, or replacement of our assets, (7) volatility in the price of refined petroleum products, (8) changes in supply and demand in the markets in which we sell refined petroleum products, (9) volatility in the value of natural gas storage services, which is driven by unfavorable natural gas prices, including low seasonal price differentials and low price volatility, (10) nonpayment or nonperformance by our customers, (11) our ability to integrate acquired assets with our existing assets and to realize anticipated cost savings and other efficiencies, (12) our ability to successfully complete our organic growth projects and to realize anticipated financial benefits, and (13) our ability to complete our previously announced acquisition of a terminal in Perth Amboy, New Jersey. These factors are not necessarily all of the important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed in any of our forward-looking statements. Other known or unpredictable factors could also have material adverse effects on future results. Consequently, all of the forward-looking statements made in this document are qualified by these cautionary statements, and we cannot assure you that actual results or developments that we anticipate will be realized or, even if substantially realized, will have the expected consequences to or effect on us or our business or operations. Also note that we provide additional cautionary discussion of risks and uncertainties under the captions “Risk Factors” and in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and elsewhere in this Report.

The forward-looking statements contained in this Report speak only as of the date hereof. Although the expectations in the forward-looking statements are based on our current beliefs and expectations, caution should be taken not to place undue reliance on any such forward-looking statements because such statements speak only as of the date hereof. Except as required by federal and state securities laws, we undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or any other reason. All forward-looking statements attributable to us or any person acting on our behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by the cautionary statements contained or referred to in this Report and in our future periodic reports filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). In light of these risks, uncertainties and assumptions, the forward-looking events discussed in this Report may not occur.


Table of Contents

PART I

 

Item 1. Business

Introduction

The original Buckeye Pipe Line Company was founded in 1886 as part of the Standard Oil Company and became a publicly owned, independent company after the dissolution of Standard Oil in 1911. Expansion into petroleum products transportation after World War II and subsequent acquisitions thereafter ultimately led to Buckeye Pipe Line Company becoming a leading independent common carrier pipeline. In 1964, Buckeye Pipe Line Company was acquired by a subsidiary of the Pennsylvania Railroad, which later became the Penn Central Corporation. In 1986, Buckeye Pipe Line Company was reorganized into a master limited partnership (“MLP”), Buckeye Partners, L.P (“Buckeye”). We are a publicly traded Delaware partnership, and our limited partnership units representing limited partner interests (“LP Units”) are listed on the New York Stock Exchange (“NYSE”) under the ticker symbol “BPL.” Buckeye GP LLC (“Buckeye GP”) is our general partner and is a wholly owned subsidiary of Buckeye GP Holdings L.P. (“BGH”), a Delaware limited partnership that was previously publicly traded on the NYSE prior to Buckeye’s merger with BGH (see below for further information). Unless the context requires otherwise, references to “we,” “us,” “our,” the “Partnership” or “Buckeye” are intended to mean the business and operations of Buckeye Partners, L.P. and its consolidated subsidiaries.

We own and operate one of the largest independent refined petroleum products pipeline systems in the United States in terms of volumes delivered, with approximately 6,100 miles of pipeline and over 100 active products terminals that provide aggregate storage capacity of approximately 64 million barrels. We also operate and maintain approximately 2,800 miles of third-party pipelines under agreements with major oil and gas, petrochemical and chemical companies, and perform certain engineering and construction management services for third parties. We also own and operate a natural gas storage facility in northern California, and are a wholesale distributor of refined petroleum products in the United States in areas also served by our pipelines and terminals. Our flagship marine terminal in The Bahamas, Bahamas Oil Refining Company International Limited (“BORCO”) is one of the largest marine crude oil and petroleum products storage facilities in the world, serving the international markets as a premier global logistics hub.

On November 19, 2010, we consummated a transaction pursuant to a plan and agreement of merger (the “Merger Agreement”) with our general partner, BGH, BGH’s general partner and Grand Ohio, LLC (“Merger Sub”), our subsidiary. Pursuant to the Merger Agreement, Merger Sub was merged into BGH, with BGH as the surviving entity (the “Merger”). In the transaction, the incentive compensation agreement (also referred to as the incentive distribution rights) held by our general partner was cancelled, the general partner units held by our general partner (representing an approximate 0.5% general partner interest in us) were converted to a non-economic general partner interest, all of the economic interest in BGH was acquired by us and BGH Unitholders received aggregate consideration of approximately 20.0 million of our LP Units.

Business Strategy

Our primary business objective is to provide stable and sustainable cash distributions to our LP Unitholders, while maintaining a relatively low investment risk profile. The key elements of our strategy are to:

 

   

Maximize utilization of our assets at the lowest cost per unit;

 

   

Maintain stable long-term customer relationships;

 

   

Operate in a safe and environmentally responsible manner;

 

   

Optimize, expand and diversify our portfolio of energy assets through accretive acquisitions and organic growth projects; and

 

   

Maintain a solid, conservative financial position and our investment-grade credit rating.

We intend to achieve our strategy by:

 

   

Acquiring, building and operating high quality, strategically located assets;

 

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Maintaining and enhancing the integrity of our pipelines, terminals and storage assets;

 

   

Pursuing strategic cash flow-accretive acquisitions that:

 

   

Complement our existing footprint;

 

   

Provide geographic, product and/or asset class diversity; and

 

   

Leverage existing management capabilities and infrastructure; and

 

   

Providing superior customer service.

Recent Developments

2012 Transactions

On February 9, 2012, we signed a definitive agreement with Chevron U.S.A. Inc. (“Chevron”) to acquire a marine terminal facility for liquid petroleum products in New York Harbor (the “Perth Amboy Facility”) for $260.0 million in cash. The facility, which sits on approximately 250 acres on the Arthur Kill in Perth Amboy, New Jersey, has over 4 million barrels of tankage, four docks, and significant undeveloped land available for potential expansion. The Perth Amboy Facility has water, pipeline, rail, and truck access, and is located only six miles from our Linden, New Jersey complex. Chevron entered into multi-year storage, blending, and throughput commitments with us concurrent with the acquisition. The Perth Amboy Facility will provide a link between our inland pipelines and terminals and our BORCO facility in The Bahamas, improving service offerings for our customers and providing further support to our planned clean products tankage expansion at the BORCO facility. The operations of the Perth Amboy Facility will be reported in our Pipelines & Terminals segment following closing, which is expected to close in the latter half of the second quarter of 2012.

On February 13, 2012, we issued 4,262,575 LP units to institutional investors in a registered direct offering for aggregate consideration of approximately $250.0 million at a price of $58.65 per LP Unit, before deducting placement agents fees and estimated offering expenses. We plan to use the net proceeds from this offering to fund indirectly a portion of the Perth Amboy Facility and certain other growth capital expenditures, and, pending such uses, to reduce the indebtedness outstanding under our Credit Facility (as defined in “Item 7, Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations – Liquidity and Capital Resources”).

For additional information, see Note 28 in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

2011 Transactions

Acquisitions

On July 19, 2011, we acquired, from an affiliate of ExxonMobil Corporation (“ExxonMobil”) for $23.5 million in cash, a terminal in Bangor, Maine (“Bangor Terminal”) with approximately 140,000 barrels of storage capacity, a terminal in Portland, Maine (“South Portland Terminal”) with approximately 725,000 barrels of storage capacity through a 50/50 joint venture with Irving Oil Terminals Inc. (“Irving”) and a 124-mile pipeline that connects the two terminals. We believe this acquisition reflects our efforts to diversify into new geographic regions and to increase our marine terminals presence. The South Portland terminal is operated by our Development & Logistics segment. The pipeline, Bangor Terminal and equity investment are reported in the Pipelines & Terminals segment. We financed this acquisition with borrowings under our Prior BPL Credit Facility (as defined in “Item 7, Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations – Liquidity and Capital Resources”).

On June 1, 2011, we acquired 33 refined petroleum products terminals with total storage capacity of over 10 million barrels and approximately 650 miles of refined petroleum products pipelines from BP Products North America Inc. and its affiliates (“BP”) for $166.0 million. The terminal and pipeline assets are located in 13 states situated in the Midwestern, Southeastern and Western United States. BP entered into multiple commercial contracts with us concurrent with the acquisition relating to the continued usage of these assets. We believe the acquisition of these assets further extends our operations into new, key geographic markets. The operations of these acquired assets are reported in the Pipelines & Terminals segment. We funded this acquisition with borrowings under our Prior BPL Credit Facility.

 

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On December 18, 2010, we, through a wholly owned subsidiary, entered into a sale and purchase agreement with affiliates of FRC Founders Corporation (“First Reserve”), pursuant to which we agreed to acquire First Reserve’s indirect 80% interest in FR Borco Coop Holdings, L.P. (“FRBCH”), the indirect owner of BORCO, for $1.15 billion, financed through a combination of debt and equity, including the issuance of Class B units representing limited partner interests (“Class B Units”) and LP Units to First Reserve. BORCO is the fourth largest marine crude oil and petroleum products storage terminal in the world and the largest petroleum products facility in the Caribbean with current storage capacity of approximately 21.6 million barrels. On January 18, 2011, we completed the purchase of First Reserve’s interest in BORCO through the acquisition by us of all of the partnership interests in FR Borco Topco, L.P., which indirectly owned First Reserve’s interest.

Vopak Bahamas B.V. (“Vopak”), which is based in The Netherlands, owned the remaining 20% interest in FRBCH. On February 16, 2011, Vopak sold its 20% interest in FRBCH to us for approximately $276.5 million of cash and equity, which is a proportionate price and on the same terms and conditions as those in the sale and purchase agreement with First Reserve.

On January 13, 2011, we issued $650.0 million aggregate principal amount of 4.875% Notes due 2021 (the “4.875% Notes”) in an underwritten public offering to fund a portion of the purchase price of the BORCO acquisition. The notes were issued at 99.62% of their principal amount.

On January 18 and 19, 2011, we issued 5,794,725 LP Units and 1,314,870 Class B Units to institutional investors for aggregate consideration of approximately $425.0 million, and 2,483,444 LP Units and 4,382,889 Class B Units to First Reserve as $400.0 million of consideration. On February 16, 2011, we issued 620,861 LP Units and 1,095,722 Class B Units to Vopak as $100.0 million of consideration. These issuances were used to fund a portion of the BORCO acquisition. The remaining purchase price was funded with cash on hand at closing and borrowings under our Prior BPL Credit Facility.

On January 18, 2011, in connection with the BORCO acquisition, we repaid all of BORCO’s outstanding indebtedness and settled BORCO’s interest rate derivative instruments, collectively representing approximately $318.2 million.

See Note 3 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for further information on our acquisitions.

Dispositions

On May 11, 2011, we sold our 20% interest in West Texas LPG Pipeline Limited Partnership (“WT LPG”) to affiliates of Atlas Pipeline Partners L.P. for $85.0 million. WT LPG owns a 2,295-mile common-carrier pipeline system that transports natural gas liquids from points in New Mexico and Texas to Mont Belvieu, Texas for fractionation. Chevron Pipeline Company, which owns the remaining 80% interest, is the operator of WT LPG. The proceeds from the sale were used to fund a portion of our internal growth capital projects planned for 2011. We recognized a gain of $34.7 million on the sale of our interest in WT LPG.

Equity Offerings

 

On April 15, 2011, we issued 5,520,000 LP Units, which included 720,000 LP Units issued as part of the overallotment option, in an underwritten public offering at a public offering price of $59.41 per LP Unit. Total proceeds from the offering, including the overallotment option and after the underwriters’ discount of $1.99 per LP Unit and offering expenses, were approximately $316.6 million, and were used to reduce amounts outstanding under our Prior BPL Credit Facility.

 

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Business Activities

The following discussion describes the business activities of our business segments, which include Pipelines & Terminals, International Operations, Natural Gas Storage, Energy Services and Development & Logistics. The Pipelines & Terminals segment and the Energy Services segment derive a nominal amount of their revenue from U.S. governmental agencies. Otherwise, none of our business segments have contracts or subcontracts with the U.S. government. All of our operations and assets are conducted and located in the continental United States, except for our terminals located in Puerto Rico and The Bahamas. Detailed financial information regarding revenue, operating income (loss) and total assets of each segment can be found in Note 25 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements. The following table shows our consolidated revenue and each segment’s revenue and percentage of consolidated revenue for the periods indicated (revenue in thousands):

 

     Year Ended December 31,  
     2011     2010     2009  
     Revenue     Percent     Revenue     Percent     Revenue     Percent  

Pipelines & Terminals

   $ 631,289       13.2   $ 574,990       18.3   $ 529,243       30.0

International Operations

     193,960       4.1     936       0.0     —          0.0

Natural Gas Storage

     65,990       1.4     95,337       3.0     99,163       5.6

Energy Services

     3,888,961       81.7     2,481,566       78.7     1,125,013       63.5

Development & Logistics

     43,068       0.9     37,696       1.2     34,136       1.9

Intersegment

     (63,658     (1.3 %)      (39,257     (1.2 %)      (17,183     (1.0 %) 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

   $ 4,759,610       100.0   $ 3,151,268       100.0   $ 1,770,372       100.0
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Pipelines & Terminals Segment

The Pipelines & Terminals segment owns and operates approximately 6,100 miles of pipeline located primarily in the northeastern and upper midwestern portions of the United States and services approximately 110 delivery locations. This segment transports refined petroleum products, including gasoline, jet fuel, diesel fuel, heating oil and kerosene, from major supply sources to terminals and airports located within end-use markets. The pipelines within this segment also transport other refined petroleum products, such as propane and butane, refinery feedstock and blending components. The segment also includes approximately 100 active terminals that provide bulk storage and throughput services with respect to refined petroleum products and renewable fuels, including ethanol, and have an aggregate storage capacity of approximately 37.4 million barrels. Of our terminals in the Pipelines & Terminals segment, over half are connected to our pipelines. We generally own the property on which the terminals are located with the exception of our terminal located in Albany, New York, which is primarily located on leased property. The segment’s geographical diversity, connections to multiple sources of supply and extensive delivery system help create a stable base business.

Pipelines

The Pipelines & Terminals segment’s pipelines conduct business without the benefit of exclusive franchises from government entities. In addition, the Pipelines & Terminals segment generally operates as a common carrier, providing transportation services at posted tariffs and without long-term contracts. Demand for the services provided by the Pipelines & Terminals segment derives from end users’ demand for refined petroleum products in the regions served and the ability and willingness of refiners and marketers to supply such demand by deliveries through our pipelines. Factors affecting demand for refined petroleum products include price and prevailing general economic conditions. Demand for the services provided by the Pipelines & Terminals segment is, therefore, subject to a variety of factors partially or entirely beyond our control. Typically, this segment receives refined petroleum products from refineries, connecting pipelines, and bulk and marine terminals and transport those products to other locations for a fee.

 

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The following table presents product volumes and percentage of refined petroleum products transported by the pipelines in the Pipelines & Terminals segment for the periods indicated (volume of barrels per day (“bpd”) in thousands):

 

     Year Ended December 31,  
     2011     2010     2009  
     Volume      Percent     Volume      Percent     Volume      Percent  

Gasoline

     659.2        48.9     643.7        49.3     650.1        49.6

Jet fuel

     340.6        25.3     338.5        26.0     336.7        25.7

Middle distillates (1)

     325.5        24.2     301.3        23.1     284.7        21.7

NGLs (2)

     —           0.0     —           0.0     13.9        1.1

Other products (3)

     22.2        1.6     21.0        1.6     24.5        1.9
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total (4)

     1,347.5        100.0     1,304.5        100.0     1,309.9        100.0
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1) Includes diesel fuel, heating oil, kerosene and other middle distillates.
(2) Represents volumes transported by a 350-mile natural gas liquids (“NGL”) pipeline that runs from Wattenburg, Colorado to Bushton, Kansas (“Buckeye NGL Pipeline”), which we sold on January 1, 2010.
(3) Includes liquefied petroleum gas (“LPG”).
(4) Excludes local product transfers.

We provide pipeline transportation services in the following states: California, Connecticut, Florida, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Missouri, Nevada, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania and Tennessee. The geographical location and description of these pipelines is as follows:

Pennsylvania—New York—New Jersey. Our operating subsidiary Buckeye Pipe Line Company, L.P. (“Buckeye Pipe Line”) serves major population centers in Pennsylvania, New York and New Jersey through approximately 925 miles of pipeline. Refined petroleum products are received at Linden, New Jersey from 17 major source points, including two refineries, six connecting pipelines and nine storage and terminalling facilities. Products are then transported through two lines from Linden, New Jersey to Macungie, Pennsylvania. From Macungie, the pipeline continues west through a connection with the our operating subsidiary Laurel Pipe Line Company, L.P. (“Laurel”) pipeline to Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (serving Reading, Harrisburg, Altoona/Johnstown, Greensburg and Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) and north through eastern Pennsylvania into New York (serving Scranton/Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania and Binghamton, Syracuse, Utica, Rochester and, via a connecting carrier, Buffalo, New York). We lease capacity in one of the pipelines extending from Pennsylvania to upstate New York to a major oil pipeline company. Products received at Linden, New Jersey are also transported through one line to Newark Airport and through two additional lines to JFK Airport and LaGuardia Airport and to commercial refined petroleum products terminals at Long Island City and Inwood, New York. These pipelines supply JFK Airport, LaGuardia Airport and Newark Airport with substantially all of each airport’s jet fuel requirements.

Our operating subsidiary Buckeye Pipe Line Transportation LLC (“BPL Transportation”) pipeline system delivers refined petroleum products from a refinery located in Paulsboro, New Jersey to destinations in New Jersey, Pennsylvania and New York. A portion of the pipeline system extends from Paulsboro, New Jersey to Malvern, Pennsylvania. From Malvern, a pipeline segment delivers refined petroleum products to locations in upstate New York, while another segment delivers products to central Pennsylvania. Two shorter pipeline segments connect the Paulsboro refinery to the Colonial pipeline system and the Philadelphia International Airport, respectively.

The Laurel pipeline system transports refined petroleum products through a 350-mile pipeline extending westward from four refineries and a connection to the Colonial pipeline system in the Philadelphia area to Reading, Harrisburg, Altoona/Johnstown, Greensburg and Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Illinois—Indiana—Michigan—Missouri—Ohio. Buckeye Pipe Line and our operating subsidiary NORCO Pipe Line Company, LLC (“NORCO”), a subsidiary of Buckeye Pipe Line Holdings, L.P. (“BPH”), transport refined petroleum products through approximately 2,100 miles of pipeline in northern Illinois, central Indiana, eastern Michigan, western and northern Ohio, and western Pennsylvania. A number of receiving lines and delivery lines connect to a central corridor which runs from Lima, Ohio through Toledo, Ohio to Detroit, Michigan. Refined petroleum products are received at a refinery and other pipeline connection points near Toledo and Lima, Ohio; Detroit, Michigan; and East Chicago, Indiana. Major market areas served include Peoria, Illinois; Huntington/Fort Wayne, Indianapolis and South Bend, Indiana; Bay City, Detroit and Flint, Michigan; Cleveland, Columbus, Lima and Toledo, Ohio; and Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

 

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Our operating subsidiary Wood River Pipe Lines LLC (“Wood River”) owns eight refined petroleum products pipelines with aggregate mileage of approximately 1,250 miles located in the Midwestern United States. Refined petroleum products are received from the Wood River refinery in Illinois and transported to the Chicago area, to our terminal in the St. Louis, Missouri area and to the Lambert-St. Louis Airport, to receiving points across Illinois and Indiana and to our pipeline in Lima, Ohio. Petroleum products are also transported from the East St. Louis, Illinois area to the East Chicago, Indiana area with delivery points in Illinois and Indiana, and from the East Chicago, Indiana area to the Kankakee, Illinois area.

Other Refined Petroleum Products Pipelines. Buckeye Pipe Line serves Connecticut and Massachusetts through an approximately 100-mile pipeline that carries refined petroleum products from New Haven, Connecticut to Hartford, Connecticut and Springfield, Massachusetts. This pipeline also serves Bradley International Airport in Windsor Locks, Connecticut. Also, Buckeye Pipe Line owns 650-miles in aggregate of refined product pipeline that originates in Dubuque, Iowa and runs southwest into Missouri and then northwest back into Iowa and other assorted pipelines located in northern Ohio. Buckeye Pipe Line also has a 124-mile pipeline that runs from the South Portland Terminal, in Portland, Maine, to the Bangor Terminal, in Bangor, Maine.

Our operating subsidiary Everglades Pipe Line Company, L.P. (“Everglades”) transports primarily jet fuel through an approximately 40-mile pipeline from Port Everglades, Florida to Ft. Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport and Miami International Airport. Everglades supplies Miami International Airport with substantially all of its jet fuel requirements.

Our operating subsidiary WesPac Pipelines – Reno LLC (“WesPac Reno”) owns an approximately 3-mile pipeline serving the Reno/Tahoe International Airport. Our operating subsidiary WesPac Pipelines – San Diego LLC (“WesPac San Diego”) owns an approximately 4-mile pipeline serving the San Diego International Airport. WesPac Pipelines – Memphis LLC (“WesPac Memphis”) owns an approximately 15-mile pipeline and a related terminal facility that primarily serves Federal Express Corporation at the Memphis International Airport. WesPac Reno, WesPac San Diego and WesPac Memphis, collectively, have terminal facilities with aggregate storage capacity of 0.5 million barrels. Each of WesPac Reno, WesPac San Diego and WesPac Memphis was originally created as a joint venture between BPH and Kealine LLC (“Kealine”). BPH currently owns 100% of WesPac Reno and WesPac San Diego. BPH and Kealine each have a 50% ownership interest in WesPac Memphis. As of December 31, 2011, we had provided $38.4 million in intercompany financing to WesPac Memphis. Each of these entities has been consolidated into our financial statements.

Terminals

The Pipelines & Terminals segment’s terminals receive products from pipelines and, in certain cases, barges, ships or railroads, and distribute them to third parties, who in turn deliver them to end-users and retail outlets. This segment’s terminals play a key role in moving products to the end-user market by providing efficient product receipt, storage and distribution capabilities, inventory management, ethanol and biodiesel blending, and other ancillary services that include the injection of various additives. Typically, the Pipelines & Terminals segment’s terminal facilities consist of multiple storage tanks and are equipped with automated truck loading equipment that is available 24 hours a day.

The Pipelines & Terminals segment’s terminals derive most of their revenues from various fees paid by customers. A throughput fee is charged for receiving products into the terminal and delivering them to trucks, barges, ships or pipelines. In addition to these throughput fees, revenues are generated by charging customers fees for blending with renewable fuels, injecting additives and leasing storage capacity to customers on either a short-term or long-term basis. The terminals also derive revenue from recovering and selling vapors emitted during truck loading.

 

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The following table sets forth the total average daily throughput for terminals within the Pipelines & Terminals segment for the periods indicated (volume of bpd in thousands):

 

     Year Ended December 31,  
     2011      2010      2009  

Products throughput (1)

     742.8        562.5        471.9  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1) Amounts for 2011 include volumes of 199.4 and 13.3 bpd in thousands on terminals acquired from BP and ExxonMobil on June 1, 2011 and July 19, 2011, respectively.

The following table sets forth the number of terminals and storage capacity in barrels by location for terminals reported in the Pipelines & Terminals segment:

 

Location

   Number of
Terminals (1)
     Storage
Capacity
(000s Barrels)
 

Alabama

     2        605  

California

     3        530  

Connecticut

     1        345  

Florida

     1        456  

Iowa

     5        1,302  

Illinois

     9        3,161  

Indiana

     11        9,175  

Kentucky

     1        214  

Louisiana

     1        135  

Maine

     1        141  

Massachusetts

     1        106  

Michigan

     13        5,370  

Missouri

     3        1,767  

Nevada

     1        50  

New York

     10        4,111  

Ohio

     14        4,003  

Pennsylvania

     11        2,536  

South Carolina

     3        1,022  

Tennessee (2)

     1        328  

Virginia

     3        781  

Wisconsin

     4        1,228  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

     99        37,366  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1) This table includes five terminals, which are owned by the Energy Services segment (as discussed below), in Pennsylvania with aggregate storage capacity of approximately 1.0 million barrels. This table does not include the Yabucoa terminal & BORCO facility that are included in the International Operations segment for reporting purposes (as discussed below) with an aggregate storage capacity of approximately 26.1 million barrels.
(2) This represents the terminal facility owned by WesPac Memphis that primarily serves Federal Express Corporation at the Memphis International Airport. BPH and Kealine each have a 50% ownership interest in WesPac Memphis.

Equity Investments

We own a 34.6% equity interest in West Shore Pipe Line Company (“West Shore”). In August 2010, in connection with our exercise of a right of first refusal, we completed the acquisition of additional shares of West Shore common stock from an affiliate of BP plc, resulting in an increase in our ownership interest in West Shore from 24.9% to 34.6%. West Shore owns an approximately 650-mile pipeline system that originates in the Chicago, Illinois area and extends north to Green Bay, Wisconsin and west and then north to Madison, Wisconsin. The pipeline system transports refined petroleum and crude products to markets in northern Illinois and

 

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Wisconsin. The other equity holders of West Shore are affiliated with major oil and gas companies. Since January 1, 2009, we have operated the West Shore pipeline system on behalf of West Shore.

We also own a 40% equity interest in Muskegon Pipeline LLC (“Muskegon”). Marathon Pipeline LLC is the majority owner and operator of Muskegon. Muskegon owns approximately 170-mile pipeline that delivers petroleum products from Griffith, Indiana to Muskegon, Michigan.

Additionally, we own a 25% equity interest in Transport4, LLC (“Transport4”). Transport4 provides an internet-based shipper information system that allows its customers, including shippers, suppliers and tankage partners to access nominations, schedules, tickets, inventories, invoices and bulletins over a secure internet connection.

We also own a 50% equity interest in South Portland Terminal LLC (“South Portland”), which has approximately 725,000 barrels of storage capacity.

In May 2011, we sold our 20% interest in WT LPG to affiliates of Atlas Pipeline Partners L.P. for $85.0 million. WT LPG owns a 2,295-mile common-carrier pipeline system that transports natural gas liquids from points in New Mexico and Texas to Mont Belvieu, Texas for fractionation.

International Operations Segment

The International Operations segment includes 2 marine terminals that provide bulk storage and throughput services with respect to crude oil and petroleum products with an aggregate storage capacity of approximately 26.1 million barrels. The BORCO terminal facility and the Yabucoa terminal facility represent our entry into international marine terminal operations. We own the property on which the BORCO terminal facility is located and lease properties for both the jetty and inland dock operations. The property on which the Yabucoa terminal is located is also leased.

The following table sets forth the number of terminals and storage capacity in barrels by location for terminals reported in the International Operations segment:

 

Location

   Number of
Terminals
     Storage
Capacity
(000s Barrels)
 

Bahamas

     1        21,440  

Puerto Rico

     1        4,623  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

     2        26,063  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

BORCO Facility

BORCO owns a terminal facility located along the Northwest Providence Channel of The Grand Bahama Island, which it uses to operate a fully integrated terminalling business and offers customers storage, berthing, heating, transshipment, blending, treating, bunkering and other ancillary services. Ancillary services provided by BORCO facilitate customer activities within the tank farm and at the jetties.

BORCO’s terminal facility includes 80 aboveground storage tanks with a storage capacity of approximately 21.4 million barrels. The existing marine infrastructure of BORCO’s terminal facility consists of three deep-water jetties. With recent completion of a refurbishment project on one of the jetties, commissioned in December 2011, the three jetties will provide six deep-water berths that serve as the access points to the storage facilities and are capable of handling both very large crude carriers and ultra large crude carriers. BORCO currently has a long term agreement through 2057 with the Bahamas Government to lease 330 acres of seabed on which the jetties are located.

 

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BORCO’s terminal facility also includes an inland dock located in Freeport Harbor with two berths. BORCO currently leases the inland dock from the Freeport Harbour Company under a long-term agreement through 2067.

Yabucoa Terminal

The Yabucoa terminal includes 44 storage tanks with approximately 4.6 million barrels of gasoline, jet fuel, diesel, fuel oil and crude oil storage capacity. Access to the Yabucoa terminal is provided through one ship dock and two barge docks as well as an 8-bay truck rack. The docks are leased from the Puerto Rico Port Authority.

Natural Gas Storage Segment

Our operating subsidiary Buckeye Gas Storage LLC, through its subsidiary Lodi Gas Storage, L.L.C. (“Lodi Gas”) owns a natural gas facility in Northern California. The natural gas facility currently has approximately 30 Bcf of working natural gas storage and is connected to Pacific Gas and Electric’s (“PG&E”) intrastate gas pipeline system that services natural gas demand in the San Francisco and Sacramento, California areas.

The original Lodi facility is located approximately 30 miles south of Sacramento, near Lodi, California, and has been in service since January 2002. The Kirby Hills facility is located approximately 30 miles west of Lodi in the Montezuma Hills, nine miles southeast of Fairfield, California. The Natural Gas Storage segment’s three storage facilities have daily maximum injection and withdrawal capability of 550 MMcf/day and 750 MMcf/day, respectively, utilizing over thirty wells. Thirty-one miles of pipeline links the original Lodi Gas facility to an interconnect with PG&E just north of Antioch, California. Six miles of pipeline links the Kirby Hills facility to an interconnect with PG&E approximately six miles west of Rio Vista, California.

The Natural Gas Storage segment is regulated by the California Public Utilities Commission (“CPUC”). All services have been, and will continue to be, contracted under the Natural Gas Storage segment’s published CPUC tariff.

The Natural Gas Storage segment’s revenues primarily consist of lease revenues and hub services revenues. Lease revenues are charges for the reservation of storage space for natural gas. Generally, customers inject natural gas in the fall and spring and withdraw it for winter and summer use. Title to the stored natural gas remains with the customer. Hub services revenues consist of a variety of other storage services under interruptible storage agreements. The Natural Gas Storage segment does not trade or market natural gas.

Energy Services Segment

The Energy Services segment is a wholesale distributor of refined petroleum products in the United States in areas also served by our pipelines and terminals. The Energy Services segment allows us to increase the utilization of our existing pipeline and terminal assets by marketing refined petroleum products in areas served by those assets. The Energy Services segment markets gasoline, propane, ethanol, biodiesel and petroleum distillates such as heating oil, diesel fuel and kerosene. The Energy Services segment owns five terminals with aggregate storage capacity of approximately 1.0 million barrels. Each terminal is equipped with multiple storage tanks and automated truck loading equipment that is available 24 hours a day. We also own the property on which the terminals are located.

The following table sets forth the total gallons of refined petroleum products sold by the Energy Services segment for the periods indicated (in millions of gallons):

 

     Year Ended December 31,  
     2011      2010      2009  

Sales volumes

     1,337.8        1,139.1        655.1  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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The Energy Services segment’s operations are segregated into three separate categories based on the type of fuel delivered and the delivery method:

 

   

Wholesale Rack – liquid fuels and propane gas are delivered to distributors and large commercial customers. These customers take delivery of the products using truck loading equipment at storage facilities;

 

   

Wholesale Delivered – liquid fuels are delivered, through third-party carriers, to commercial customers, construction companies, school districts and trucking companies using third-party carriers; and

 

   

Branded Gasoline – the Energy Services segment delivers, through third-party carriers, gasoline and on-highway diesel fuel to independently owned retail gas stations under many leading gasoline brands.

The operations of the Energy Services segment expose us to commodity price risk. The commodity price risk is managed by entering into derivative instruments to offset the effect of commodity price fluctuations on the segment’s inventory and fixed-price contracts. The fair value of our derivative instruments is recorded in our consolidated balance sheet, with the change in fair value recorded in earnings. The derivative instruments the Energy Services segment uses consist primarily of futures contracts traded on the New York Mercantile Exchange (“NYMEX”) for the purposes of managing our market price risk from holding physical inventory and entering into physical fixed-price contracts. A majority of the futures contracts executed are designated as fair value hedges of our refined petroleum inventory. The changes in fair value of the hedge instruments and hedged items are both recognized in cost of product sales. However, hedge accounting has not been elected for all of the Energy Services segment’s derivative instruments. Fixed-price purchase and sales contracts are generally hedged with financial instruments; however, these instruments are not designated in a hedge relationship. In the cases in which hedge accounting has not been used for physical derivative contracts, changes in the fair values of the financial instruments, which are included in revenue and cost of product sales, generally are offset by changes in the values of the physical derivative contracts which are also derivative instruments whose changes in value are recognized in product sales or cost of product sales. In addition, hedge accounting has not been elected for financial instruments that have been executed to economically hedge a portion of the Energy Services segment’s refined petroleum products held in inventory. The changes in value of the financial instruments that are economically hedging inventory are recognized in cost of product sales and natural gas storage services.

Development & Logistics Segment

The Development & Logistics segment operates and maintains approximately 2,800 miles of third-party pipelines under agreements with major oil and gas, petrochemical and chemical companies, which are primarily located in Texas and Louisiana, and perform certain engineering and construction management services for third parties. Development & Logistics also owns and operates two underground propane storage caverns in Huntington, Indiana and Tuscola, Illinois with approximately 800,000 barrels of throughput and storage capability. This segment also owns approximately 25 miles of pipeline located in Texas, a portion of which it leases to a third-party. The Development & Logistics segment also owns an approximate 63% interest in a crude butadiene pipeline in Texas and owns and operates an ammonia pipeline located in Texas. In addition, the Development & Logistics segment provides engineering and construction management services and asset development services to energy companies in the United States and internationally.

Third-party contract operation and maintenance services are a key area of focus for the Development & Logistics segment. The segment also operates as an asset and business development service provider for many of its third-party asset owners as well as for other oil and gas, petrochemical and chemical companies.

Competition and Customers

Competitive Strengths

We believe that we have the following competitive strengths:

 

   

We operate in a safe and environmentally responsible manner;

 

   

We own and operate high quality assets that are strategically located;

 

   

We have stable, long-term relationships with our customers;

 

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We own relatively predictable and stable fee-based businesses with opportunistic revenue generating capabilities that support distribution growth; and

 

   

We maintain a conservative financial position with an investment-grade credit rating.

Pipelines & Terminals Segment

Generally, pipelines are the lowest cost method for long-haul overland movement of refined petroleum products. Therefore, the Pipelines & Terminals segment’s most significant competitors for large volume shipments are other pipelines, some of which are owned or controlled by major integrated oil and gas companies. Although it is unlikely that a pipeline system comparable in size and scope to the Pipelines & Terminals segment’s pipeline systems will be built in the foreseeable future, new pipelines (including pipeline segments that connect with existing pipeline systems) could be built to effectively compete with the Pipelines & Terminals segment in particular locations.

The Pipelines & Terminals segment competes with marine transportation in some areas. Tankers and barges on the Great Lakes account for some of the volume to certain Michigan, Ohio and upstate New York locations during the approximately eight non-winter months of the year. Barges are presently a competitive factor for deliveries to the New York City area, the Pittsburgh area, Connecticut and locations on the Ohio River, such as Cincinnati, Ohio and locations on the Mississippi River, such as St. Louis, Missouri. Additionally, the South Portland and Bangor terminals compete with regional barge-supplied terminals.

Trucks competitively deliver refined petroleum products in a number of areas that the Pipelines & Terminals segment serves. While their costs may not be competitive for longer hauls or large volume shipments, trucks compete effectively for smaller volumes in many local areas. The availability of truck transportation places a significant competitive constraint on the ability of the Pipelines & Terminals segment to increase its tariff rates.

Privately arranged exchanges of refined petroleum products between marketers in different locations are another form of competition. Generally, such exchanges reduce both parties’ costs by eliminating or reducing transportation charges. In addition, consolidation among refiners and marketers that has accelerated in recent years has altered distribution patterns, reducing demand for transportation services in some markets and increasing them in other markets.

The production and use of biofuels may be a competitive factor in that, to the extent the usage of biofuels increases, some alternative means of transport that compete with our pipelines may be able to provide transportation services for biofuels that our pipelines cannot because of safety or pipeline integrity issues. In particular, railroads competitively deliver biofuels to a number of areas and, therefore, are a significant competitor of pipelines with respect to biofuels. Biofuel usage may also create opportunities for additional pipeline transportation, if such biofuels can be transported through our pipeline, and additional blending opportunities within the segment, although that potential cannot be quantified at present.

Distribution of refined petroleum products depends to a large extent upon the location and capacity of refineries. However, because the Pipelines & Terminals segment’s business is largely driven by the consumption of fuel in its delivery areas and the Pipelines & Terminals segment’s pipelines have numerous source points, we do not believe that the expansion or shutdown of any particular refinery is likely, in most instances, to have a material effect on the business of the Pipelines & Terminals segment. As discussed in “Item 1A, Risk Factors”, a significant decline in production at the Wood River refinery, Paulsboro refinery or Lima refinery, or a fundamental change in the primary sources or supply of petroleum products to a region, could materially impact the business of the Pipelines & Terminals segment.

The Pipelines & Terminals segment also generally competes with other terminals in the same geographic market. Many competitive terminals are owned by major integrated oil and gas companies. These major oil and gas companies may have the opportunity for product exchanges that are not available to the Pipelines & Terminals segment’s terminals. While the Pipelines & Terminals segment’s terminal throughput fees are not regulated, they are subject to price competition from competitive terminals and alternate modes of transporting refined petroleum products to end users such as retail gasoline stations.

 

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International Operations Segment

Our facility in Yabucoa, Puerto Rico faces competition for residual fuel oil storage as a result of the method by which the local utility company, which is a significant fuel oil user, sources fuel for their power generation needs.

Our facility in Freeport, Bahamas faces competition with some proprietary and third party independent terminal operators in the Caribbean region. The facility’s location, deep draft coupled with its storage and blending capability provides certain advantages to our customers for export of products to other locations within the Caribbean, North and South America, Europe and Asia. Internal transfer pricing of certain regional facilities and discounted incentive storage and handling rates at independent third party facilities supported by quasi national oil companies adds competition for handling of remaining product demand into certain areas.

Natural Gas Storage Segment

The Natural Gas Storage segment competes with other storage providers, including local distribution companies (“LDCs”), utilities and affiliates of LDCs and other independent utilities in the Northern California natural gas storage market. Certain major pipeline companies have existing storage facilities connected to their systems that compete with the Natural Gas Storage segment’s facilities. Ongoing and proposed third-party construction of new capacity in Northern California could have an adverse impact on the Natural Gas Storage segment’s competitive position.

Energy Services Segment

The Energy Services segment competes with pipeline companies, the major integrated oil and gas companies, their marketing affiliates and independent gatherers, investment banks that have established trading platforms, and brokers and marketers of widely varying sizes, financial resources and experience. Some of these competitors have capital resources greater than the Energy Services segment, and control greater supplies of refined petroleum products.

Development & Logistics Segment

The Development & Logistics segment competes with independent pipeline companies, engineering firms, major integrated oil and gas companies and chemical companies to operate and maintain logistic assets for third-party owners. In addition, in some instances it can be either more cost-effective or strategic for certain companies to operate and maintain their own pipelines as opposed to contracting with the Development & Logistics segment to complete these tasks. Numerous engineering and construction firms compete with the Development & Logistics segment for construction management business.

Customers

For the years ended December 31, 2011, 2010 and 2009, no customer contributed 10% or more of our consolidated revenue.

Seasonality

The Pipelines & Terminals segment’s mix and volume of products transported and stored tends to vary seasonally. Declines in demand for heating oil during the summer months are, to a certain extent, offset by increased demand for gasoline and jet fuel. Overall, this segment’s business has been only moderately seasonal, with somewhat lower than average volumes being transported and stored during March, April and May and somewhat higher than average volumes being transported and stored in November, December and January.

The International Operations segment’s mix and volume of products stored during the year does not significantly vary considering the multi-year contracts that provide cash flow stability.

The Natural Gas Storage segment typically has two injection and two withdrawal seasons during the year. Our natural gas storage facility is normally at capacity prior to the summer cooling season and prior to the winter heating season. Since our customers pay a demand fee, they are generally incentivized to maximize their use of the storage facility throughout the year.

 

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The Energy Services segment’s mix and volume of product sales tends to vary seasonally, with the fourth and first quarters’ volumes generally being higher than the second and third quarters, primarily due to the increased demand for home heating oil in the winter months.

Employees

Except as noted below, we are managed and operated by employees of Services Company. At December 31, 2011, Services Company had approximately 1,029 full-time employees, 181 of whom were represented by seven labor unions. At December 31, 2011, approximately 21 individuals were employed directly by Lodi Gas, 16 individuals were employed directly by a subsidiary of BPH and 20 individuals were directly employed by our operating subsidiary Buckeye Caribbean Holdings Limited (“Buckeye Caribbean Terminals LLC”). We reimburse Services Company for the cost of providing those employee services pursuant to a services agreement. Additionally, BORCO employs a non-union workforce that consisted of approximately 157 full-time individuals at December 31, 2011. We have never experienced any work stoppages or other significant labor problems.

Capital Expenditures

We make capital expenditures in order to maintain and enhance the safety and integrity of our pipelines, terminals, storage facilities and related assets, to expand the reach or capacity of those assets, to improve the efficiency of our operations and to pursue new business opportunities. See “Item 7, Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations – Liquidity and Capital Resources.”

During 2011, we spent approximately $305.3 million for capital expenditures, of which $57.4 million related to sustaining capital projects and $247.9 million related to expansion and cost reduction projects. Expansion and cost reduction projects included upgrades and expansions of a jetty structure and inland dock at BORCO, terminal ethanol and butane blending, new pipeline connections, continued progress on a new pipeline and terminal billing system as well as various other operating infrastructure projects.

We expect to spend approximately $250.0 million to $330.0 million for capital expenditures in 2012, of which approximately $50.0 million to $70.0 million is expected to relate to sustaining capital expenditures and $200.0 million to $260.0 million is expected to relate to expansion and cost reduction projects. Approximately $130.0 million to $180.0 million of these amounts are related to capital expenditures in 2012 for the BORCO facility, of which $120.0 million to $160.0 million is expected to relate to expansion projects and $10.0 million to $20.0 million is expected to relate to sustaining capital expenditures. Approximately $120.0 million to $150.0 million of these amounts are related to capital expenditures in 2012 for our other assets, excluding the BORCO facility, of which $80.0 million to $100.0 million is expected to relate to expansion projects and $40.0 million to $50.0 million is expected to relate to sustaining capital expenditures. Sustaining capital expenditures include renewals and replacement of pipeline sections, tank floors and tank roofs and upgrades to station and terminalling equipment, field instrumentation and cathodic protection systems. Major expansion and cost reduction expenditures in 2012 will include terminal storage tank expansion projects at the BORCO facility, completion of additional storage tanks and rail loading facilities in the Midwest, the refurbishment of storage tanks and facilities in the Northeast, continued installation of vapor recovery units throughout our system of terminals, additive system installation throughout our terminal infrastructure and various upgrades and expansions of our ethanol business. Cost reduction expenditures improve operational efficiencies or reduce costs.

Regulation

General

We are subject to extensive laws and regulations and resulting regulatory oversight by numerous federal, state and local departments and agencies, many of which are authorized by statute to issue rules and regulations binding on the pipeline and natural gas storage industries, related businesses, and individual participants. In some states, we are subject to the jurisdiction of public utility commissions and state corporation commissions, which have authority over, among other things, intrastate tariffs, the issuance of debt and equity securities, transfers of assets and safety. The failure to comply with such laws and regulations can result in substantial penalties. The regulatory burden on our operations increases our cost of doing business and, consequently, affects our profitability. However, except for certain exemptions that apply to smaller companies, we do not believe that we are affected in a significantly different manner by these laws and regulations than are our competitors.

 

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Following is a discussion of certain laws and regulations affecting us. However, you should not rely on such discussion as an exhaustive review of all regulatory considerations affecting our business and operations.

Rate Regulation

Buckeye Pipe Line, Wood River, BPL Transportation and NORCO operate pipelines subject to the regulatory jurisdiction of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (“FERC”) under the Interstate Commerce Act, the Energy Policy Act of 1992 and the Department of Energy Organization Act. FERC regulations require that interstate oil pipeline rates be posted publicly and that these rates be “just and reasonable” and not unduly discriminatory. FERC regulations also enforce common carrier obligations and specify a uniform system of accounts, among certain other obligations.

The generic oil pipeline regulations issued under the Energy Policy Act of 1992 rely primarily on an index methodology that allows a pipeline to change its rates in accordance with an index that FERC believes reflects cost changes appropriate for application to pipeline rates. In December 2010, FERC amended its regulations to change the index to the Producer Price Index – finished goods (“PPI-FG”) plus 2.65% effective July 1, 2011. Under FERC’s rules, as one alternative to indexed rates, a pipeline is also allowed to charge market-based rates if the pipeline establishes that it does not possess significant market power in a particular market.

The tariff rates of Wood River, BPL Transportation and NORCO are governed by the generic FERC index methodology, and therefore are subject to change annually according to the index. If the index is negative in a future period, then Wood River, BPL Transportation and NORCO could be required to reduce their rates if they exceed the new maximum allowable rate. Shippers may file protests against the application of the index to the rates of an individual pipeline and may also file complaints against indexed rates as being unjust and unreasonable, subject to the FERC’s standards.

Buckeye Pipe Line’s rates are governed by an exception to the rules discussed above, pursuant to specific FERC authorization. Buckeye Pipe Line’s market-based rate regulation program was initially approved by FERC in March 1991 and was subsequently extended in 1994. Under this program, in markets where Buckeye Pipe Line does not have significant market power, individual rate increases: (a) will not exceed a real (i.e., exclusive of inflation) increase of 15% over any two-year period, and (b) will be allowed to become effective without suspension or investigation if they do not exceed a “trigger” equal to the change in the Gross Domestic Product implicit price deflator since the date on which the individual rate was last increased, plus 2%. Individual rate decreases will be presumptively valid upon a showing that the proposed rate exceeds marginal costs. In markets where Buckeye Pipe Line was found to have significant market power and in certain markets where no market power finding was made: (i) individual rate increases cannot exceed the volume-weighted average rate increase in markets where Buckeye Pipe Line does not have significant market power since the date on which the individual rate was last increased, and (ii) any volume-weighted average rate decrease in markets where Buckeye Pipe Line does not have significant market power must be accompanied by a corresponding decrease in all of Buckeye Pipe Line’s rates in markets where it does have significant market power. Shippers retain the right to file complaints or protests following notice of a rate increase, but are required to show that the proposed rates violate or have not been adequately justified under the market-based rate regulation program, that the proposed rates are unduly discriminatory, or that Buckeye Pipe Line has acquired significant market power in markets previously found to be competitive.

The Buckeye Pipe Line program was subject to review by FERC in 2000 when FERC reviewed the index selected in the generic oil pipeline regulations. FERC decided to continue the generic oil pipeline regulations with no material changes and did not modify or discontinue Buckeye Pipe Line’s program. We cannot predict the impact that any change to Buckeye Pipe Line’s rate program would have on Buckeye Pipe Line’s operations. Independent of regulatory considerations, it is expected that tariff rates will continue to be constrained by competition and other market factors.

 

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Laurel operates a pipeline in intrastate service across Pennsylvania, and its tariff rates are regulated by the Pennsylvania Public Utility Commission. Wood River operates a pipeline in intrastate service in Illinois, and tariff rates related to this pipeline are regulated by the Illinois Commerce Commission.

Lodi Gas owns and operates a natural gas storage facility in Northern California under a Certificate of Public Convenience and Necessity originally granted by the California Public Utilities Commission (“CPUC”). Lodi Gas is not subject to FERC rate regulation, but is regulated by the CPUC and other state and local agencies in California. Consistent with California regulatory policy and its Certificate of Public Convenience and Necessity, however, Lodi Gas is authorized to charge market-based rates and is not otherwise subject to rate regulation.

Environmental Regulation

We are subject to federal, state and local laws and regulations relating to the protection of the environment. Although we believe that our operations comply in all material respects with applicable environmental laws and regulations, risks of substantial liabilities are inherent in pipeline operations, and we may incur material environmental liabilities in the future. Moreover, it is possible that other developments, such as increasingly rigorous environmental laws, regulations and enforcement policies, and claims for damages to property or injuries to persons resulting from our operations, could result in substantial costs and liabilities to us. See “Item 3, Legal Proceedings.” The following is a summary of the significant current environmental laws and regulations to which our business operations are subject and for which compliance may require material capital expenditures or have a material adverse impact on our results of operations or financial position.

The Oil Pollution Act of 1990 (“OPA”) amended certain provisions of the federal Water Pollution Control Act of 1972, commonly referred to as the Clean Water Act (“CWA”), and other statutes, as they pertain to the prevention of and response to petroleum product spills into navigable waters. The OPA subjects owners of facilities to strict joint and several liability for all containment and clean-up costs and certain other damages arising from a spill. The CWA provides penalties for the discharge of petroleum products in reportable quantities and imposes substantial liability for the costs of removing a spill. State laws for the control of water pollution also provide varying civil and criminal penalties and liabilities in the case of releases of petroleum or its derivatives into surface waters or into the ground.

Contamination resulting from spills or releases of refined petroleum products sometimes occurs in the petroleum pipeline and terminalling industry. Our pipelines cross numerous navigable rivers and streams. Although we believe that we comply in all material respects with the spill prevention, control and countermeasure requirements of federal laws, any spill or other release of petroleum products into navigable waters may result in material costs and liabilities to us.

The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (“RCRA”), as amended, establishes a comprehensive program of regulation of “hazardous wastes.” Hazardous waste generators, transporters, and owners or operators of treatment, storage and disposal facilities must comply with regulations designed to ensure detailed tracking, handling and monitoring of these wastes. RCRA also regulates the disposal of certain non-hazardous wastes. As a result of these regulations, certain wastes typically generated by pipeline operations are considered “hazardous wastes,” “special wastes” or regulated solid waste. Hazardous wastes are subject to more rigorous and costly disposal requirements than are non-hazardous wastes. Any changes in the regulations could have a material adverse effect on our maintenance capital expenditures and operating expenses.

The Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act of 1980 (“CERCLA”), also known as “Superfund,” governs the release or threat of release of a “hazardous substance.” Although CERCLA contains a “petroleum exclusion”, that provision generally applies only to unused product not contaminated by contact with other substances, and may exclude product recovered after a release, as well as contact water. Releases of a hazardous substance, whether on or off-site, may subject the generator of that substance to joint and several liability under CERCLA for the costs of clean-up and other remedial action. Pipeline and terminal maintenance and other activities in the ordinary course of business generate “hazardous substances.” As a result, to the extent a hazardous substance generated by us or our predecessors may have been released or disposed of in the past, we may in the future be required to remediate contaminated property. Governmental authorities such as the Environmental Protection Agency (“EPA”), and in some instances third parties, are authorized under CERCLA to seek to recover remediation and other costs from responsible persons, without regard to fault or the legality of the original disposal. In addition to our potential liability as a generator of a “hazardous substance,” our property or right-of-way may be adjacent to or in the immediate vicinity of Superfund and other hazardous waste sites. Accordingly, we may be responsible under CERCLA for all or part of the costs required to cleanup such sites, which could be material.

 

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The Clean Air Act, amended by the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 (the “Amendments”), imposes controls on the emission of pollutants into the air. The Amendments required states to develop facility-wide permitting programs to comply with new federal programs. Existing operating and air-emission requirements currently imposed on us are being reviewed by state agencies in connection with the new facility-wide permitting program. EPA has recently begun promulgating greenhouse gas (“GHG”) regulations and otherwise increasing its scrutiny of the oil and gas industry. It is possible that new or more stringent controls will be imposed on us through these programs which could have a material adverse effect on our maintenance capital expenditures and operating expenses. In addition, certain states (primarily California) and regions have considered various GHG regulations which may add controls separate from or in conjunction with federal programs.

We are also subject to environmental laws and regulations adopted by the various states in which we operate. In certain instances, the regulatory standards adopted by the states are more stringent than applicable federal laws.

Pipeline and Terminal Maintenance and Safety Regulation

The pipelines we operate are subject to regulation by the U.S. Department of Transportation (“DOT”) and its agency, the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (“PHMSA”), under the Pipeline Safety Act (“PSA”). In promulgating the PSA in 1994, Congress combined and re-codified, without substantial modification, the provisions of the two existing pipeline safety statutes: the Natural Gas Pipeline Safety Act of 1968 and the Hazardous Liquid Pipeline Safety Act of 1979. Since the passage of these safety statutes, the resulting DOT regulations have been modified and strengthened by various Congressional actions including the Pipeline Safety Reauthorization Act of 1988, the Pipeline Safety Act of 1992, the Accountable Pipeline Safety and Partnership Act of 1996, the Pipeline Safety Improvement Act of 2002, the Pipeline Inspection, Protection, Enforcement, and Safety Act of 2006 and the most recent Pipeline Safety, Regulatory Certainty, and Job Creation Act of 2011. These Acts and the resulting DOT regulations govern the design, installation, testing, construction, operation, replacement and management of pipeline facilities and require any entity that owns or operates pipeline facilities to comply with applicable safety standards, to establish and maintain plans of inspection and maintenance and integrity management program and to comply with such plans and programs. Also governed by the Acts and related regulations are requirements for a drug and alcohol testing program, an Operator Qualification program that ensures that persons performing tasks covered by the pipeline safety rules are qualified, a public education program for residents, public officials, emergency responders and contractors.

We believe that we currently comply in all material respects with the pipeline safety laws and regulations. However, the industry, including us, will incur additional pipeline and tank integrity expenditures in the future, and we are likely to incur increased operating costs based on these and other government regulations.

The Pipeline Safety, Regulatory Certainty and Job Creation Act of 2011 (“PSA 2011”) was signed into law on January 3, 2012. This law has a number of provisions that will either directly or potentially impact the oil and gas industry. PSA 2011 strengthens damage prevention regulations and provides authority to further strengthen such regulations with respect to High Consequence Areas (“HCAs”) in the future. Similarly, PSA 2011 requires that PHMSA conduct a number of evaluations and studies and, based on the results, promulgate regulations to address possible expansion of the integrity management requirements to areas outside of HCAs; changes to operators’ public education programs to increase outreach to the affected public; the technical limitations and practicality of requiring the use of leak detection systems and the standards relating thereto; and incidents that may have been caused by lack of adequate depth of cover at water crossings of 100 feet or more. PSA 2011 also specifically requires PHMSA to establish time limits for reporting incidents to the National Response Center as well as coordination of notifications to state/local first responders and issue regulations to improve the current administrative enforcement process for pipeline operators. PSA 2011 increases penalties for non-compliance with PHMSA regulations from a $100,000 to a $200,000 maximum for a single violation, and from a $1.0 million to a $2.0 million maximum for a series of violations.

 

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We are also subject to the requirements of the Occupational Safety and Health Act (“OSHA”) and comparable state statutes. We believe that our operations comply in all material respects with OSHA requirements, including general industry standards, record-keeping and the training and monitoring of occupational exposures.

We cannot predict whether or in what form any new legislation or regulatory requirements might be enacted or adopted or the costs of compliance. In general, any such new regulations could increase operating costs and impose additional capital expenditure requirements, but we do not presently expect that such costs or capital expenditure requirements would have a material adverse effect on our results of operations or financial condition.

Environmental Hazards and Insurance

Our business involves a variety of risks, including the risk of natural disasters, adverse weather, fire, explosions, and equipment failures, any of which could lead to environmental hazards such as petroleum product spills and other releases. If any of these should occur, we could incur legal defense costs and environmental remediation costs, and could be required to pay amounts due to injury, loss of life, damage or destruction to property, natural resources and equipment, pollution or environmental damage, regulatory investigation and penalties and suspension of operations.

We are covered by site pollution incident legal liability insurance policies with per incident and aggregate limits of $100 million, subject to a maximum self-insured retention of $4.5 million. The policies include coverage for sudden and accidental or gradual releases at our listed sites. The policies also include a contractor’s pollution coverage endorsement. The insurance policies expire on September 30, 2012. The policies insure (i) claims, remediation costs, and associated legal defense expenses for pollution conditions at, or migrating from, a covered location, and (ii) the transportation risks associated with moving waste from a covered location to any location for unloading or depositing waste. The premises pollution liability policies contain exclusions, conditions, and limitations that could apply to a particular pollution claim, and may not cover all claims or liabilities we incur.

In addition to the site pollution incident legal liability insurance policies, we maintain casualty insurance policies with aggregate and per occurrence limits of $400.0 million, subject to a maximum self-insured retention of $25.0 million. The policies provide coverage for claims involving sudden and accidental releases. Coverage under the casualty insurance is secondary to the site pollution incident legal liability policies for sudden and accidental releases. The insurance policies expire on September 30, 2012. The pollution coverage provided in the casualty insurance policies contains exclusions, definitions, conditions and limitations that could apply to a particular pollution claim, and may not cover all claims or liabilities we incur.

We generally are not entitled to seek indemnification from our contractual counterparties for any environmental damage caused by the release of products we store, throughput or transport for such counterparties. As discussed above, we maintain insurance policies that are designed to mitigate the risk that we may incur costs and losses in connection with any such release of products from our facilities, and we believe that the policy limits under site pollution incident legal liability and casualty insurance policies are within the range that is customary for companies of our size that operate in our business segments and are appropriate for our business.

We attempt to reduce our exposure to third party liability by requiring indemnification and access to third party insurance from our contractors or entities who require access to our facilities and our right of way. We have requirements for limits of insurance provided by third parties which we believe are in accordance with industry standards and proof of third party insurance documentation is retained prior to commencement of work.

We have written plans for responding to emergencies along our pipeline system and at our terminal facilities. These plans which describe the organization, responsibilities and actions for responding to emergencies are reviewed annually and updated as necessary. Our facilities are designed with product containment structures, and we maintain various additional oil containment and recovery equipment that would be deployed in the event of an emergency. We are a member of ten oil spill cooperatives or mutual aid groups. We maintain more than 50 contract relationships with United States Coast Guard certified oil spill response organizations, spill response contractors and remediation management consultants. This ensures access to spill response equipment (including boom, recovery pumps, response vehicles, response vessels and response trailers), monitoring and sampling equipment, personal protective equipment and technical expertise needed to respond to an emergency event. We also perform spill response drills to review and exercise the response capabilities of our personnel, contractors and emergency management agencies. Additionally, we have a Crisis Management Team within our organization to provide strategic direction, ensure availability of company resources and manage communications in the event of an emergency situation.

 

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Tax Treatment of Operations

We use the adjusted tax basis of our various assets for purposes of computing depreciation and cost recovery deductions and gain or loss on any disposition of such assets. If we dispose of depreciable property, all or a portion of any gain may be subject to the recapture rules and taxed as ordinary income rather than capital gain.

The costs incurred in promoting any future issuance of LP Units (i.e., syndication expenses) must be capitalized and cannot be deducted by us currently, ratably or upon our termination. Uncertainties exist regarding the classification of costs as organization expenses, which may be amortized, and as syndication expenses, which may not be amortized.

Available Information

We file annual, quarterly and current reports and other documents with the SEC under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. The public can obtain any documents that we file with the SEC at www.sec.gov. We also make available free of charge our Annual Report on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K and any amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 as soon as reasonably practicable after filing such materials with, or furnishing such materials to, the SEC, on or through our Internet website, www.buckeye.com. We are not including the information contained on our website as a part of, or incorporating it by reference into, this Report.

You can also find information about us at the offices of the NYSE, 20 Broad Street, New York, New York 10005 or at the NYSE’s Internet website, www.nyse.com.

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors

There are many factors that may affect us and investments in us. Security holders and potential investors in our securities should carefully consider the risk factors set forth below, as well as the discussion of other factors that could affect us or investments in us included elsewhere in this Report. If one or more of these risks were to materialize, our business, financial position or results of operations could be materially and adversely affected. We are identifying these risk factors as important risk factors that could cause our actual results to differ materially from those contained in any written or oral forward-looking statements made by us or on our behalf.

 

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Risks Inherent in our Business

Changes in petroleum demand and distribution may adversely affect our business. In addition, the current economic downturn could result in lower demand for a sustained period of time.

Demand for the services we provide depends upon the demand for the products we handle in the regions we serve and the supply of products in the regions connected to our pipelines or from which our customers source products handled by our terminals. Prevailing economic conditions, refined petroleum product, fuel oil and crude oil price levels and weather affect the demand for refined petroleum products. Changes in transportation and travel patterns in the areas served by our pipelines also affect the demand for refined petroleum products because a substantial portion of the refined petroleum products transported by our pipelines and throughput at our terminals is ultimately used as fuel for motor vehicles and aircraft. If these factors result in a decline in demand for refined petroleum products, our business would be particularly susceptible to adverse effects because we operate without the benefit of either exclusive franchises from government entities or long-term contracts. In addition, changes in global patterns of supply and demand for fuel oil, crude oil and clean petroleum products could affect the demand for the services we provide at BORCO.

In addition, in December 2007, Congress enacted the “Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007,” which, among other provisions, mandated annually increasing levels for the use of renewable fuels such as ethanol, which commenced in 2008 and escalates for 15 years, as well as increasing energy efficiency goals, including higher fuel economy standards for motor vehicles, among other steps. These statutory mandates or other similar renewable fuel or energy efficiency statutory mandates enacted by states may have the impact over time of reducing the demand for refined petroleum products in certain markets, particularly with respect to gasoline. Other legislative changes may similarly alter the expected demand and supply projections for refined petroleum products in ways that cannot be predicted.

Energy conservation, changing sources of supply, structural changes in the oil industry and new energy technologies also could adversely affect our business. We cannot predict or control the effect of these factors on us.

Economic conditions worldwide have from time to time contributed to slowdowns in the oil and gas industry, as well as in the specific segments and markets in which we operate, resulting in reduced supply or demand and increased price competition for our products and services. In addition, economic conditions could result in a loss of customers in our operating segments because their access to the capital necessary to purchase services we provide is limited. Our operating results may also be affected by uncertain or changing economic conditions in certain regions, including the challenges that are currently affecting economic conditions in the entire United States. If global economic and market conditions (including volatility in commodity markets) or economic conditions in the United States remain uncertain or persist, spread or deteriorate further, we may experience material impacts on our business, financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.

Competition could adversely affect our operating results.

Generally, pipelines are the lowest cost method for long-haul overland movement of refined petroleum products. Therefore, the most significant competitors for large volume shipments in our Pipelines & Terminals segment are other existing pipelines, some of which are owned or controlled by major integrated oil companies. In addition, new pipelines (including pipeline segments that connect with existing pipeline systems) could be built to effectively compete with us in particular locations.

Our Pipelines & Terminals segment competes with marine transportation in some areas. Tankers and barges on the Great Lakes account for some of the volume to certain Michigan, Ohio and upstate New York locations during the approximately eight non-winter months of the year. Barges are presently a competitive factor for deliveries to the New York City area, the Pittsburgh area, Connecticut and locations on the Ohio River such as Cincinnati, Ohio and locations on the Mississippi River, such as St. Louis, Missouri. Additionally, the South Portland to Bangor pipeline terminal is mainly supplied by overseas ships from Canada and Europe.

Trucks competitively deliver refined petroleum products in a number of areas that we serve. While their costs may not be competitive for longer hauls or large volume shipments, trucks compete effectively for incremental and

 

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marginal volumes in many areas that we serve. The availability of truck transportation places a significant competitive constraint on our ability to increase our tariff rates.

Privately arranged exchanges of refined petroleum products between marketers in different locations are another form of competition for our Pipelines & Terminals segment. Generally, these exchanges reduce both parties’ costs by eliminating or reducing transportation charges. In addition, consolidation among refiners and marketers that has accelerated in recent years has altered distribution patterns, reducing demand for transportation services in some markets and increasing them in other markets.

Our Natural Gas Storage segment competes primarily with other storage facilities and pipelines in the storage of natural gas. Some of our competitors may have greater financial resources. Some of these competitors may expand or construct transportation and storage systems that would create additional competition for the services we provide to our customers. Increased competition could reduce the volumes of natural gas stored by us and could adversely affect our ability to renew or replace existing contracts at rates sufficient to maintain current revenues and cash flows.

Our Energy Services segment buys and sells refined petroleum products in connection with its marketing activities, and must compete with major integrated oil companies, their marketing affiliates, and independent brokers and marketers of widely varying sizes, financial resources and experience. Some of these companies have superior access to capital resources, which could affect our ability to effectively compete with them.

All of these competitive pressures could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

Mergers among our customers and competitors could result in lower volumes being shipped on our pipelines and stored in our terminals, thereby reducing the amount of cash we generate.

Mergers between existing customers could provide strong economic incentives for the combined entities to utilize their existing pipeline and terminal systems instead of ours. As a result, we could lose some or all of the volumes and associated revenues from these customers and we could experience difficulty in replacing those lost volumes and revenues. Because most of our operating costs are fixed, a reduction in volumes would result in not only a reduction of revenues, but also a decline in net income and cash flow of a similar magnitude, which would reduce our ability to meet our financial obligations and pay cash distributions.

We are a holding company and depend entirely on our operating subsidiaries’ distributions to service our debt obligations and pay cash distributions to our unitholders.

We are a holding company with no material operations. If we do not receive cash distributions from our operating subsidiaries, we will not be able to meet our debt service obligations or to make cash distributions to our unitholders. Among other things, this would adversely affect the market price of our LP Units. We are currently bound by the terms of our Credit Facility which prohibits us from making distributions to our unitholders if a default under the Credit Facility exists at the time of the distribution or would result from the distribution. Approval from the Central Bank of the Bahamas will be required before BORCO can make distributions to us. Our operating subsidiaries may from time to time incur additional indebtedness under agreements that contain restrictions which could further limit each operating subsidiary’s ability to make distributions to us.

We may incur unknown and contingent liabilities from assets we have acquired.

Some of the assets we have acquired have been used for many years to distribute, store or transport petroleum products. Releases from terminals or along pipeline rights-of-way may have occurred prior to our acquisition. In addition, releases may have occurred in the past that have not yet been discovered, which could require costly future remediation.

The BORCO facility was constructed between 1968 and 1975 and was operated as a refinery until it was shut down in 1985. We performed a certain level of diligence in connection with the acquisition of BORCO and

 

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attempted to ascertain the extent of liabilities that might be associated with the facility, but there may be unknown and contingent liabilities related to BORCO of which we are unaware.

If a significant release or event occurred in the past at any of our acquired assets, including BORCO, and we are responsible for all or a significant portion of the liability associated with such release or event, it could adversely affect our business, financial position, results of operations and cash flows. We could be liable for unknown obligations relating to any of our acquired assets, for which indemnification is not available, which could materially adversely affect our business, results of operations and cash flow.

A significant decline in production at certain refineries served by certain of our pipelines and terminals, or a fundamental change in the primary source of supply of petroleum products to a region, could materially reduce the volume of refined petroleum products we transport and adversely impact our operating results.

Refineries that our pipelines and terminals service could partially or completely shut down their operations, temporarily or permanently, due to factors such as unscheduled maintenance, catastrophes, labor difficulties, environmental proceedings or other litigation, loss of significant downstream customers; or legislation or regulation that adversely impacts the economics of refinery operations. For example, a significant decline in production at the Wood River refinery, Paulsboro refinery or Lima refinery could negatively impact the financial performance of such assets and adversely affect our business, financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

In addition, if there is a fundamental shift in the primary source of supply of petroleum products to a region our pipelines serve and our pipeline infrastructure in the region is not well-suited to serve the new primary source, the performance of such assets could be negatively impacted, and adversely affect our business, financial position, results of operations and cash flows.

A substantial amount of the petroleum products handled by BORCO are exported from Venezuela, which exposes us to political risks.

A substantial portion of BORCO’s revenue relates to petroleum products exported from Venezuela by Petróleos de Venezuela, S.A. (commonly referred to as PDVSA). This involvement with products exported from Venezuela exposes BORCO to significant risks, including potential political and economic instability and trade restrictions and economic embargoes imposed by the United States and other countries.

Potential future acquisitions and expansions, if any, may affect our business by substantially increasing the level of our indebtedness and contingent liabilities and increasing the risks of our being unable to effectively integrate these new operations.

From time to time, we evaluate and acquire assets and businesses that we believe complement our existing assets and businesses. Acquisitions may require substantial capital or the incurrence of substantial indebtedness, including to connect or integrate their operations with those of our existing assets. If we consummate any future acquisitions, our capitalization and results of operations may change significantly.

Acquisitions and business expansions involve numerous risks, including difficulties in the assimilation of the assets and operations of the acquired businesses, inefficiencies and difficulties that arise because of unfamiliarity with new assets and the businesses associated with them and new geographic areas and the diversion of management’s attention from other business concerns. Further, we may experience unanticipated delays in realizing the benefits of an acquisition or we may be unable to integrate certain assets we acquire as part of a larger acquisition to the extent such assets relate to a business for which we have no or limited experience. Following an acquisition, we may discover previously unknown liabilities associated with the acquired business for which we have no recourse under applicable indemnification provisions.

Debt securities we issue are, and will continue to be, junior to claims of our operating subsidiaries’ creditors.

Our outstanding debt securities are structurally subordinated to the claims of our operating subsidiaries’ creditors. In addition, any debt securities we issue in the future will likewise be subordinated in the same manner.

 

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Holders of the debt securities will not be creditors of our operating subsidiaries. Our claim to the assets of our operating subsidiaries derives from our own ownership interests in those operating subsidiaries. Claims of our operating subsidiaries’ creditors will generally have priority as to the assets of our operating subsidiaries over our own ownership interests and will therefore have priority over the holders of our debt, including our debt securities.

Our rate structures are subject to regulation and change by the FERC.

Buckeye Pipe Line, Wood River, BPL Transportation and NORCO are interstate common carriers regulated by the FERC under the Interstate Commerce Act, the Energy Policy Act of 1992 and the Department of Energy Organization Act. The FERC’s primary ratemaking methodology is price indexing. In the alternative, a pipeline is allowed to charge market-based rates if the pipeline establishes that it does not possess significant market power in a particular market.

The indexing methodology is used to establish rates on the pipelines owned by Wood River, BPL Transportation and NORCO. In December 2010, FERC amended its regulations to change the index to the PPI-FG plus 2.65% effective July 1, 2011. If the index were to be negative, we would be required to reduce the rates charged by Wood River, BPL Transportation and NORCO if they exceed the new maximum allowable rate. In addition, changes in the PPI might not fully reflect actual increases in the costs associated with these pipelines, thus hampering our ability to recover our costs. Shippers may also file protests against the application of the index to an individual pipeline’s rates, as well as complaints against indexed rates as being unjust and unreasonable, subject to the FERC’s cost-of-service standards.

Buckeye Pipe Line presently is authorized to charge rates set by market forces, subject to limitations, rather than by reference to costs historically incurred by the pipeline, in 15 regions and metropolitan areas. The Buckeye Pipe Line program is an exception to the generic oil pipeline regulations the FERC issued under the Energy Policy Act of 1992. The generic rules rely primarily on the index methodology described above.

The Buckeye Pipe Line rate program was reevaluated by the FERC in July 2000, and was allowed to continue with no material changes. We cannot predict the impact, if any, that a change in the FERC’s method of regulating Buckeye Pipe Line, on its own initiative or as the result of a complaint, would have on our business, financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.

Climate change legislation or regulations restricting emissions of “greenhouse gases” or setting fuel economy or air quality standards could result in increased operating costs or reduced demand for the refined petroleum products, natural gas and other hydrocarbon products that we transport, store or otherwise handle in connection with our business.

On December 15, 2009, the EPA officially published its findings that emissions of carbon dioxide, methane and other “greenhouse gases” (“GHG”) endanger human health and the environment because emissions of such gases are, according to the EPA, contributing to the warming of the earth’s atmosphere and other climatic changes. These findings by the EPA allow the agency to proceed with the adoption and implementation of regulations that would restrict emissions of greenhouse gases under existing provisions of the federal Clean Air Act (“CAA”). On September 22, 2009, the EPA issued a final CAA rule requiring the reporting of greenhouse gas emissions from specified large greenhouse gas emission sources in the United States beginning in 2011 for emissions occurring in 2010. These regulations may require reporting for some of our facilities in future years. Furthermore, the EPA has issued a final rule setting emission standards for light-duty vehicles for the 2012-2016 model years. On September 15, 2011, the EPA implemented a GHG emissions reducing program for medium- and heavy-duty vehicles. Motor vehicle emission standards could impact our operations by effectively reducing demand for motor fuels from crude oil. Furthermore, the EPA now requires construction and operating permits for very large GHG emissions sources. The EPA now requires GHG emissions estimates be provided in almost all construction and operating air permit applications.

Legislation and regulations relating to control or reporting of GHG emissions are also in various stages of discussions or implementation in many of the states in which we operate. The adoption and implementation of any legislation or CAA regulations limiting emissions of GHG from our equipment and operations or any future laws or regulations that may be adopted to address GHG emissions could require us to incur costs to reduce emissions of GHG associated with our operations. The effect on our operations

 

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could include increased costs to operate and maintain our facilities, measure and report our emissions, install new emission controls on our facilities, acquire allowances to authorize our GHG emissions, pay any taxes related to our greenhouse gas emissions and administer and manage a GHG emissions program. While we may be able to include some or all of such increased costs in the rates we charge, such recovery of costs is uncertain and may depend on events beyond our control, including the outcome of future rate proceedings before the FERC and the provisions of any final regulations. In addition, laws or regulations regarding fuel economy, air quality or GHG gas emissions could include efficiency requirements or other methods of curbing carbon emissions that could adversely affect demand for the refined petroleum products, natural gas and other hydrocarbon products that we transport, store or otherwise handle in connection with our business. A significant decrease in demand for petroleum products would have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.

In addition to potential impacts on our business directly or indirectly resulting from climate-change legislation or regulations, our business also could be negatively affected by climate-change related physical changes or changes in weather patterns. An increase in severe weather patterns could result in damages to or loss of our physical assets, impact our ability to conduct operations and/or result in a disruption of our customer’s operations. These climate-change related physical changes could also affect entities that provide goods and services to us and indirectly have an adverse effect on our business as a result of increases in costs or availability of goods and services. Changes of this nature could have a material adverse impact on our business.

Environmental regulation may impose significant costs and liabilities on us.

We are subject to federal, state and local laws and regulations relating to the protection of the environment. Risks of substantial environmental liabilities are inherent in our operations, and we cannot assure you that we will not incur material environmental liabilities. Additionally, our costs could increase significantly, and we could face substantial liabilities, if, among other developments:

 

   

environmental laws, regulations and enforcement policies become more rigorous; or

 

   

claims for property damage or personal injury resulting from our operations are filed.

Existing or future state or federal government regulations relating to certain chemicals or additives in gasoline or diesel fuel could require capital expenditures or result in lower pipeline volumes and thereby adversely affect our results of operations and cash flows.

Changes made to governmental regulations governing the components of refined petroleum products may necessitate changes to our pipelines and terminals which may require significant capital expenditures or result in lower pipeline volumes. For instance, the increasing use of ethanol as a fuel additive, which is blended with gasoline at product terminals, may lead to reduced pipeline volumes and revenue which may not be totally offset by increased terminal blending fees we may receive at our terminals.

BORCO may be adversely affected by economic, political and regulatory developments.

BORCO’s terminal facility is located in The Bahamas. As a result, we are exposed to the risks of international operations, including political, economic and regulatory developments and changes in laws or policies affecting our terminal operations, as well as changes in the policies of the United States affecting trade, taxation and investment in other countries. Any such developments or changes could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and cash flow.

Compliance with laws and regulations that apply to BORCO increases the cost of doing business and could interfere with our ability to offer services or expose us to fines and penalties. These numerous laws and regulations include the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and local laws prohibiting corrupt payments to government officials or agents. Although policies designed to fully ensure compliance with these laws are in place or under development, employees, contractors, or agents may violate the policies. Any such violations could include prohibitions on BORCO’s ability to offer its services and could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial results and cash flow.

 

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DOT regulations may impose significant costs and liabilities on us.

Our pipeline operations and natural gas storage operations are subject to regulation by the DOT. These regulations require, among other things, that pipeline operators engage in a regular program of pipeline integrity testing to assess, evaluate, repair and validate the integrity of their pipelines, which, in the event of a leak or failure, could affect populated areas, unusually sensitive environmental areas or commercially navigable waterways. In response to these regulations, we conduct pipeline integrity tests on an ongoing and regular basis. Depending on the results of these integrity tests, we could incur significant and unexpected capital and operating expenditures, not accounted for in anticipated capital or operating budgets, in order to repair such pipelines to ensure their continued safe and reliable operation. In addition, any new regulations that are the result of PSA 2011 may affect our operations.

Our business is exposed to customer credit risk, and we may not be able to fully protect ourselves against such risk.

Our businesses are subject to the risks of nonpayment and nonperformance by our customers. We manage our exposure to credit risk through credit analysis and monitoring procedures, and sometimes use letters of credit, prepayments and guarantees. However, these procedures and policies cannot fully eliminate customer credit risk, and to the extent our policies and procedures prove to be inadequate, it could negatively affect our financial condition and results of operations. In addition, some of our customers, counterparties and suppliers may be highly leveraged and subject to their own operating and regulatory risks and, even if our credit review and analysis mechanisms work properly, we may experience financial losses in our dealings with such parties. Volatility in commodity prices might have an impact on many of our customers, which in turn could have a negative impact on their ability to meet their obligations to us.

The marketing business in our Energy Services segment enters into sales contracts pursuant to which customers agree to buy refined petroleum products from us at a fixed-price on a future date. If our customers have not hedged their exposure to reductions in refined petroleum product prices and there is a price drop, then they could have a significant loss upon settlement of their fixed-price contracts with us, which could increase the risk of their nonpayment or nonperformance. In addition, we generally have entered into futures contracts to hedge our exposure under these fixed-price contracts to increases in refined petroleum product prices. If price levels are lower at settlement than when we entered into these futures contracts, then we will be required to make payments upon the settlement thereof. Ordinarily, this settlement payment is offset by the payment received from the customer pursuant to the associated fixed-price contract. We are, however, required to make the settlement payment under the futures contract even if a fixed-price contract customer does not perform. Nonperformance under fixed-price contracts by a significant number of our customers could have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.

The Natural Gas Storage segment offers interruptible storage services to customers, which allow customers to borrow gas from our storage facilities. In the event a customer does not repay its loan in-kind with physical natural gas, we would be required to enter the physical natural gas markets to procure the volumes borrowed from the facility in order to honor our commitments to our other storage customers. A customer’s nonperformance under an interruptible storage agreement or failure to keep us financially whole could have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows.

BORCO depends on a limited number of customers for substantially all of its revenue, and the loss of any of them could adversely affect our results of operations and cash flow.

Storage revenue represented approximately 80% of BORCO’s total revenue for the year ended December 31, 2011. Currently, BORCO has a limited number of long-term storage customers, consisting of oil majors, energy companies, physical traders and one national oil company. For the year ended December 31, 2011, approximately 27% and 58% of storage revenue was derived from the top one and the top three customers, respectively. We expect BORCO to continue to derive substantially all of its total revenue from a small number of customers in the future. BORCO may be unsuccessful in renewing its storage contracts with its customers, and those customers may discontinue or reduce contracted storage from BORCO. If any of BORCO’s customers, in particular its top three customers, significantly reduces its contracted storage with BORCO and if BORCO is unable to find other storage customers on terms

 

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substantially similar to the terms under BORCO’s existing storage contracts, our business, results of operations and cash flow could be adversely affected.

Terrorist attacks or other security threats could adversely affect our business.

Since the attacks of September 11, 2001, the United States government has issued warnings that energy assets, specifically our nation’s pipeline infrastructure, may be the future target of terrorist organizations. In addition to the threat of terrors attacks, we face various other security threats, including cybersecurity threats to gain unauthorized access to sensitive information or to render data or systems unusable; threats to the safety of our employees; threats to the security of our facilities, such as terminals and pipelines, and infrastructure or third party facilities and infrastructure. These developments have subjected our operations to increased risks.

Although we utilize various procedures and controls to monitor these threats and mitigate our exposure to security threats, there can be no assurance that these procedures and controls will be sufficient in preventing security threats from materializing. If any of these events were to materialize, they could lead to losses of sensitive information, critical infrastructure, personnel or capabilities, essential to our operations and could have a material adverse effect on our reputation, financial position, results of operations, or cash flows. Cybersecurity attacks in particular are evolving and include but are not limited to, malicious software, attempts to gain unauthorized access to data, and other electronic security breaches that could lead to disruptions in critical systems, unauthorized release of confidential or otherwise protected information and corruption of data. These events could damage our reputation and lead to financial losses from remedial actions, loss of business or potential liability.

During 2007, the Department of Homeland Security promulgated the Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (“CFATS”) to regulate the security of facilities that handle certain chemicals. We have submitted to the Department of Homeland Security certain required information concerning our facilities in compliance with CFATS and, as a result, several of our facilities have been determined to be initially tiered as “high risk” by the Department of Homeland Security. Due to this determination, we are required to prepare a security vulnerability assessment and possibly develop and implement site security plans required by CFATS. The Department of Homeland Security began additional scrutiny and enforcement of the CFATS requirements in 2010, which continued in 2011 and is expected to continue. At this time, we do not believe that compliance with CFATS will have a material effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.

In addition to CFATS, our domestic operations are also subject to other laws and regulations promulgated and enforced by other components of the Department of Homeland Security and the Department of Transportation. Our operations in the Bahamas are subject to similar security-related regulations. We believe that we currently comply in all material respects with security-related laws and regulations. However, this is an area of continued regulatory developments for our industry and as such, we may incur increased operating costs based on developments associated with these regulations. At this time, we do not believe that future compliance with these requirements will have a material effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.

Our operations are subject to operational hazards and unforeseen interruptions for which we may not be insured or entitled to indemnification.

Our operations are subject to operational hazards and unforeseen interruptions such as natural disasters, adverse weather, accidents, fires, explosions, hazardous materials releases and other events beyond our control. These events might result in a loss of equipment or life, injury, or extensive property damage, as well as an interruption in our operations. Our operations are currently covered by property, casualty, workers’ compensation and environmental insurance policies. In the future, however, we may not be able to maintain or obtain insurance of the type and amount desired at reasonable rates. As a result of market conditions, premiums and deductibles for certain insurance policies have increased substantially, and could escalate further. In some instances, certain insurance could become unavailable or available only for reduced amounts of coverage. For example, insurance carriers are now requiring broad exclusions for losses due to war risk and terrorist acts. Further, our environmental pollution coverage is subject to exclusions, conditions and limitations that could apply to a particular pollution claim or may not cover all claims or liabilities we incur. The contracts with our customers and other business partners involve risk-allocation and indemnification provisions. However, pursuant to these contracts we generally may not seek indemnification from a counterparty for liabilities, including those associated with the release of petroleum products, arising at a time in which we are in possession of the product owned by the counterparty. If we

 

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were to incur a significant liability for which we were not fully insured, or insured at all, it could have a material adverse effect on our financial position, thereby reducing our ability to make distributions to unitholders, or payments to debt holders.

Hurricanes and other severe weather conditions could damage our facilities or disrupt our marine terminals or the operations of their customers, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial results and cash flow.

The operations of our facilities, in particular our BORCO facility or Yabucoa terminal, could be impacted by severe weather conditions, including hurricanes. Any such event could cause a serious business disruption or serious damage to our facilities, which could affect such facilities’ ability to provide services. Additionally, such events could impact our facilities’ customers, and they may be unable to utilize our services. Any such occurrence could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial results and cash flow.

Our natural gas storage business depends on third party pipelines to transport natural gas.

We depend on Pacific Gas and Electric’s intrastate gas pipelines to move our customers’ natural gas to and from our Lodi Gas facility. Any interruption of service or decline in utilization on the pipelines or adverse change in the terms and conditions of service for the pipelines could have a material adverse effect on the ability of our customers to transport natural gas to and from the Lodi Gas facility, and could have a corresponding material adverse effect on our storage revenues. In addition, the rates charged by the interconnected pipelines for transportation to and from our facilities could affect the utilization and value of our storage services.

Our results could be adversely affected by volatility in the value of natural gas storage services, including hub services or a significant change in the production of natural gas.

The Natural Gas Storage segment stores natural gas for, and loans natural gas to, its customers for fixed periods of time. If the values of natural gas storage services change in a direction or manner that we do not anticipate, we could experience financial losses from these activities. Although the Natural Gas Storage segment does not purchase or sell natural gas, the value of natural gas storage services generally changes based on changes in the relative prices of natural gas over different delivery periods. In particular, the hub services portion of our Natural Gas Storage segment involves our entry into interruptible natural gas storage agreements with our customers. These agreements are entered into in order to maximize the daily utilization of the natural gas storage facility, while also attempting to capture value from seasonal price differences in the natural gas markets. To the extent that the seasonal price differences moderate, our business, financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows could be negatively impacted due to a lack of demand for storage capacity. In addition, a material change in the supply of, or demand for, natural gas could negatively impact the value of lease capacity and hub services activities, which could adversely affect our results of operations.

Our results could be adversely affected by volatility in the price of refined petroleum products.

The Energy Services segment buys and sells refined petroleum products in connection with its marketing activities. If the values of refined petroleum products change in a direction or manner that we do not anticipate, we could experience financial losses from these activities. Furthermore, when refined petroleum product prices increase rapidly and dramatically, we may be unable to promptly pass our additional costs to our customers, resulting in lower margins for us which could adversely affect our results of operations. Factors that could cause significant increases or decreases in commodity prices include changes in supply due to production constraints, weather, governmental regulations, and changes in consumer demand. It is our practice to maintain a position that is substantially balanced between commodity purchases, on the one hand, and expected commodity sales or future delivery obligations, on the other hand. Through these transactions, we seek to establish a margin for the commodity purchased by selling the same commodity for physical delivery to third party users, such as wholesalers or retailers. While our hedging policies are designed to minimize commodity price risk, some degree of exposure to unforeseen fluctuations in market conditions remains. For example, any event that disrupts our anticipated physical supply could expose us to risk of loss resulting from price changes if we are required to obtain alternative supplies to cover these sales transactions. In addition, we are also exposed to basis risks in our hedging activities that arise when a commodity, such as ultra-low sulfur diesel, is purchased at one pricing index but must be hedged against another

 

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commodity type, such as heating oil, because of limitations in the markets for derivative products. We are also susceptible to basis risk created when we enter into financial hedges that are priced at a certain location, such as New York Harbor, but the sales or exchanges of the underlying commodity are at another location, such as Macungie, Pennsylvania, where prices and price changes might differ from the prices and price changes at the location upon which the hedging instrument is based.

We could be adversely affected by violations of the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and similar worldwide anti-bribery laws.

Our international operations require us to comply with a number of U.S. and international laws and regulations, including those involving anti-bribery and anti-corruption. For example, the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and similar international laws and regulations prohibit improper payments to foreign officials for the purpose of obtaining or retaining business. The scope and enforcement of anti-corruption laws and regulations may vary.

We operate in parts of the world that have experienced governmental corruption to some degree and, in certain circumstances, strict compliance with anti-bribery laws may conflict with local customs and practices. Our compliance programs and internal control policies and procedures may not always protect us from reckless or negligent acts committed by our employees or agents. Violations of these laws, or allegations of such violations, could disrupt our business and result in a material adverse effect on our business and operations.

Our pending acquisition of the Perth Amboy Facility may not be consummated.

Our pending acquisition of the Perth Amboy Facility is expected to close in the second quarter of 2012 and is subject to closing conditions and regulatory approvals. If these conditions and regulatory approvals are not satisfied or waived, the acquisition will not be consummated. If the closing of the acquisition is substantially delayed or does not occur at all, or if the terms of the acquisition are required to be modified substantially due to regulatory concerns, we may not realize the anticipated benefits of the acquisition fully or at all. Certain of the conditions remaining to be satisfied include:

 

   

the issuance by the United States Environmental Protection Agency of an amended hazardous and solid waste permit (the “HSWA Permit”) on terms satisfactory to Chevron in its sole discretion;

 

   

the grant of a legal subdivision of certain real property to be retained by Chevron;

 

   

the absence of any damage to, or destruction or condemnation of, the assets subject to the Purchase and Sale Agreement (“P&SA”) which reduces the economic value of such assets by $20,000,000 or more (a “Material Adverse Change”); or, if any Material Adverse Change has occurred, the cure or other mutually agreeable resolution thereof;

 

   

the absence of certain factual discoveries by us of certain matters relating to title, environmental liabilities or regulatory obstacles which reduce the economic value of the assets subject to the P&SA by $20,000,000 or more, subject to certain exclusions (a “Material Discovery”); or, if any Material Discovery has occurred, the cure or other mutually agreeable resolution thereof; and

 

   

the absence of any pending or threatened litigation or administrative proceeding, or any pending investigation, by any party or any third party seeking to restrain or prohibit (or questioning the validity or legality of) the consummation of the transactions contemplated by the P&SA or seeking damages in connection therewith which makes it unreasonable to proceed with the consummation of the transactions contemplated thereby.

In addition, the P&SA may be terminated by mutual agreement of the parties thereto or as follows (i) by either Chevron or us, if the acquisition has not closed on or before June 30, 2012; provided, however that if the HSWA Permit has not been released for public comment on or before March 31, 2012, then Chevron shall not have the right to terminate the P&SA unless the acquisition has not closed on or before July 31, 2012 (in each case, subject to a 30-day extension to give effect to certain cure periods), (ii) by either Chevron or us, if the other party has materially breached its obligations under the P&SA, which breaches have not been cured within the applicable time frame or that by their nature cannot be cured, (iii) by either Chevron or us, if any statute, rule or regulation makes consummation of the acquisition illegal or otherwise prohibited, or if any order, decree, ruling or other action by any governmental authority permanently restraining, enjoining or otherwise prohibiting the consummation of the acquisition has become final and non-appealable, (iv) by Chevron, if us conducts internal inspections of out of service tanks on the Facility, retains or utilizes the services of a New Jersey licensed site remediation professional or has any communications with any governmental authority with respect to the assets subject to the P&SA (other than pursuant to the Hart Scott Rodino Act or solely in anticipation of the transfer of the assets to us at the closing), (v) by us, upon the occurrence of a Material Discovery or a Material Adverse Change, subject to certain cure rights of Chevron, (vi) by Chevron, upon its reasonable determination that a Material Discovery relating to environmental liabilities cannot be cured or remediated using reasonable methods or resources, (vii) by either Chevron or us, upon the occurrence of certain damage to, or destruction or condemnation of, the assets subject to the P&SA not constituting a Material Adverse Change, subject to certain cure rights of Chevron, and (viii) by Chevron, if it determines in its sole discretion that the HSWA Permit is not satisfactory.

 

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Increases in interest rates could adversely affect our unit price.

Interest rates on future debt offerings could be higher than current levels, causing our financing costs to increase accordingly. An increase in interest rates could also cause a corresponding decline in demand for equity investments, in general, and in particular for yield-based equity investments such as our LP Units. Lower demand for our LP Units for any reason, including competition from other more attractive investment opportunities, would likely cause the trading price of our LP Units to decline. If we issue additional equity at a significantly lower price, material dilution to our existing unitholders could result.

Our risk management policies cannot eliminate all commodity price risk and any noncompliance with our risk management policies could result in significant financial losses.

Our Energy Services and Natural Gas Storage segments follow risk management practices that are designed to minimize commodity price risk, credit risk and operational risk for their respective business. These practices and policies cannot, however, eliminate all price and price-related risks and there is also the risk of noncompliance with such practices and policies. We cannot make any assurances that we will detect and prevent all violations of our risk management practices and policies, particularly if deception or other intentional misconduct is involved. Any violations of these practices or policies by our employees or agents could result in significant financial losses.

Increases in interest rates could adversely affect our business and the trading price of our units.

We use both fixed and variable rate debt, and we are exposed to market risk due to the floating interest rates on our credit facility. From time to time we use interest rate derivatives to hedge interest obligations on specific debt. In addition, interest rates on future debt offerings could be higher, causing our financing costs to increase accordingly. Our results of operations, cash flows and financial position could be adversely affected by significant increases in interest rates above current levels. Additionally, the trading price of our limited partnership units may be sensitive to changes in interest rates and any rise in interest rates could adversely impact such trading price.

The recent adoption of derivatives legislation by the United States Congress could have an adverse effect on our ability to use derivative instruments to reduce the effect of commodity price, interest rate and other risks associated with our business.

The United States Congress adopted comprehensive financial reform legislation that establishes federal oversight and regulation of the over-the-counter derivatives market and entities, such as us, that participate in that market. The new legislation, known as the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (the “Act”), was signed into law by the President on July 21, 2010 and requires the U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission (the “CFTC”), the SEC and other regulators to promulgate rules and regulations implementing the new legislation. In December 2011, the CFTC extended temporary exemptive relief from certain swap regulation provisions of the legislation until July 16, 2012. In its rulemaking under the Act, the CFTC has issued final regulations to set position limits for certain futures and option contracts in the major energy markets and for swaps that are their economic equivalents. Certain bona fide hedging transactions or derivative instruments would be exempt from these position limits. It is not possible at this time to predict when the CFTC will make these regulations effective. The financial reform legislation may also require us to comply with margin requirements and with certain clearing and trade-execution requirements in connection with our derivative activities, although the application of those provisions to us is uncertain at this time. The financial reform legislation may also require the counterparties to our derivative instruments to spin off some of their derivatives activities to a separate entity, which may not be as creditworthy as the current counterparty. The new legislation and any new regulations could significantly increase the cost of

 

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derivative contracts (including through requirements to post collateral which could adversely affect our available liquidity), materially alter the terms of derivative contracts, reduce the availability of derivatives to protect against risks that we encounter, reduce our ability to monetize or restructure our existing derivative contracts, and increase our exposure to less creditworthy counterparties. If we reduce our use of derivatives as a result of the legislation and regulations, our results of operations may become more volatile and our cash flows may be less predictable, which could adversely affect our ability to plan for and fund capital expenditures. Any of these consequences could have a material, adverse effect on us, our financial condition, and our results of operations.

Risks Relating to Partnership Structure

We may sell additional units, diluting existing interests of unitholders.

Our partnership agreement allows us to issue additional units and certain other equity securities without unitholder approval. There is no limit on the total number of units and other equity securities we may issue. When we issue additional units or other equity securities, the proportionate partnership interest of our existing unitholders will decrease. The issuance could negatively affect the amount of cash distributed to unitholders and the market price of the units. Issuance of additional units will also diminish the relative voting strength of the previously outstanding LP Units.

Our partnership agreement limits the liability of our general partner and its directors and officers.

Our general partner and its directors and officers owe fiduciary duties to our unitholders. Provisions of our partnership agreement and partnership agreements for each of our operating partnerships, however, contain language limiting the liability of the general partner and its directors and officers to the unitholders for actions or omissions taken in good faith which do not involve gross negligence or willful misconduct. In addition, these partnership agreements grant broad rights of indemnification to the general partner and its directors, officers, employees and affiliates.

Unitholders may not have limited liability in some circumstances.

The limitations on the liability of holders of limited partnership interests for the obligations of a limited partnership have not been clearly established in some states. If it were determined that we had been conducting business in any state without compliance with the applicable limited partnership statute, or that the unitholders as a group took any action pursuant to our partnership agreement that constituted participation in the “control” of our business, then the unitholders could be held liable under some circumstances for our obligations to the same extent as a general partner.

Under applicable state law, our general partner has unlimited liability for our obligations, including our debts and environmental liabilities, if any, except for our contractual obligations that are expressly made without recourse to the general partner.

In addition, Section 17-607 of the Delaware Revised Uniform Limited Partnership Act provides that under some circumstances a unitholder may be liable to us for the amount of distributions paid to the unitholder for a period of three years from the date of the distribution.

Tax Risks to Unitholders

Our tax treatment depends on our status as a partnership for federal income tax purposes as well as our not being subject to a material amount of entity-level taxation by individual states. If the Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”) were to treat us as a corporation for federal income tax purposes or we were to become subject to additional amounts of entity-level taxation for state tax purposes, then our cash available for distribution to unitholders would be substantially reduced.

The anticipated after-tax economic benefit of an investment in LP Units depends largely on our being treated as a partnership for federal income tax purposes. We have not requested, and do not plan to request, a ruling from the IRS on this.

 

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Despite the fact that we are a limited partnership under Delaware law, a publicly traded partnership such as us may be treated as a corporation for federal income tax purposes unless its gross income from its business activities satisfies a “qualifying income” requirement. “Qualifying income” includes income and gains derived from the transportation, storage, processing and marketing of natural resources, including crude oil, natural gas and products thereof. Based upon our current operations we believe that we are treated as a partnership rather than a corporation for such purposes; however, a change in our business could cause us to be treated as a corporation for federal income tax purposes or otherwise subject us to taxation as an entity.

In addition, current law may change so as to cause us to be treated as a corporation for federal income tax purposes or otherwise subject us to entity-level taxation. At the federal level, Congress has recently considered legislation that would have eliminated partnership tax treatment for certain publicly traded partnerships. Although such legislation would not have applied to us as proposed, it could be reintroduced or amended prior to enactment in a manner that does apply to us. We are unable to predict whether any of these changes or other proposals will ultimately be enacted. Moreover, any modification to the federal income tax laws and interpretations thereof may or may not be applied retroactively. Any such changes could negatively impact the value of an investment in our LP Units. At the state level, because of widespread state budget deficits and other reasons, several states are evaluating ways to subject partnerships to entity-level taxation through the imposition of state income, franchise and other forms of taxation. For example, we are required to pay Texas franchise tax at a maximum effective rate of 0.7% of our gross income apportioned to Texas in the prior year. Imposition of such a tax on us by any other state will reduce the cash available for distribution to you.

If we were treated as a corporation for federal income tax purposes, we would pay federal income tax on our taxable income at the corporate tax rate, which is currently a maximum of 35%, and would likely pay state income tax at varying rates. Distributions to unitholders would generally be taxed again as corporate distributions, and no income, gains, losses or deductions would flow through to unitholders. Because a tax would be imposed upon us as a corporation, our cash available for distribution to unitholders would be substantially reduced. Therefore, treatment of us as a corporation would result in a material reduction in the anticipated cash flow and after-tax return to holders of our LP Units, likely causing a substantial reduction in the value of our LP Units.

If the IRS contests the federal income tax positions we take, the market for our LP Units may be adversely impacted and the cost of any IRS contest will reduce our cash available for distribution to you.

We have not requested a ruling from the IRS with respect to our treatment as a partnership for federal income tax purposes or certain other matters affecting us. The IRS may adopt positions that differ from the positions we take. It may be necessary to resort to administrative or court proceedings to sustain some or all of the positions we take. A court may not agree with some or all of the positions we take. Any contest with the IRS may materially and adversely impact the market for our LP Units and the price at which they trade. In addition, our costs of any contest with the IRS will be borne indirectly by our unitholders and our general partner because the costs will reduce our cash available for distribution.

You will be required to pay taxes on your share of our income even if you do not receive any cash distributions from us.

Because our unitholders will be treated as partners to whom we will allocate taxable income which could be different in amount than the cash we distribute, you will be required to pay any federal income taxes and, in some cases, state and local income taxes on your share of our taxable income even if you receive no cash distributions from us. You may not receive cash distributions from us equal to your share of our taxable income or even equal to the actual tax liability that results from that income.

 

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Tax gain or loss on the disposition of our LP Units could be more or less than expected.

If you sell your LP Units, you will recognize a gain or loss equal to the difference between the amount you realize and your tax basis in those LP Units. Because distributions in excess of your allocable share of our net taxable income decrease your tax basis in your LP Units, the amount, if any, of such prior excess distributions with respect to the LP Units you sell will, in effect, become taxable income to you if you sell such LP Units at a price greater than your tax basis in those LP Units, even if the price you receive is less than your original cost. Furthermore, a substantial portion of the amount realized, whether or not representing gain, may be taxed as ordinary income due to potential recapture items, including depreciation recapture. In addition, because your amount realized includes your share of our nonrecourse liabilities, if you sell your LP Units, you may incur a tax liability in excess of the amount of cash you receive from the sale.

Tax-exempt entities and non-U.S. persons face unique tax issues from owning our LP Units that may result in adverse tax consequences to them.

Investment in our LP Units by tax-exempt entities, such as employee benefit plans and individual retirement accounts (“IRAs”), and non-U.S. persons raises issues unique to them. For example, virtually all of our income allocated to organizations that are exempt from federal income tax, including IRAs and other retirement plans, will be unrelated business taxable income and will be taxable to them. Distributions to non-U.S. persons will be reduced by withholding taxes at the highest applicable effective tax rate, and non-U.S. persons will be required to file United States federal tax returns and pay tax on their share of our taxable income. If you are a tax exempt entity or a non-U.S. person, you should consult your tax advisor before investing in our LP Units.

We treat each purchaser of LP Units as having the same tax benefits without regard to the actual LP Units purchased. The IRS may challenge this treatment, which could adversely affect the value of the LP Units.

Because we cannot match transferors and transferees of LP Units and because of other reasons, we have adopted depreciation and amortization positions that may not conform to all aspects of existing U.S. Treasury Regulations. A successful IRS challenge to those positions could adversely affect the amount of tax benefits available to you. It also could affect the timing of these tax benefits or the amount of gain from your sale of LP Units and could have a negative impact on the value of our LP Units or result in audit adjustments to your tax returns.

We prorate our items of income, gain, loss and deduction between transferors and transferees of our LP Units each month based upon the ownership of our LP Units on the first day of each month, instead of on the basis of the date a particular LP Unit is transferred. The IRS may challenge this treatment, which could change the allocation of items of income, gain, loss and deduction among our unitholders.

We prorate our items of income, gain, loss and deduction between transferors and transferees of our LP Units each month based upon the ownership of our LP Units on the first day of each month, instead of on the basis of the date a particular LP Unit is transferred. The use of this proration method may not be permitted under existing U.S. Treasury regulations. Recently, the U.S. Treasury Department issued proposed Treasury Regulations that provide a safe harbor pursuant to which publicly traded partnerships may use a similar monthly simplifying convention to allocate tax items. Nonetheless, the proposed regulations do not specifically authorize the use of the proration method we have adopted. If the IRS were to challenge our proration method or new Treasury Regulations were issued, we may be required to change the allocation of items of income, gain, loss and deduction among our unitholders.

A unitholder whose LP Units are loaned to a “short seller” to cover a short sale of LP Units may be considered as having disposed of those LP Units. If so, he would no longer be treated for tax purposes as a partner with respect to those LP Units during the period of the loan and may recognize gain or loss from the disposition.

Because a unitholder whose LP Units are loaned to a “short seller” to cover a short sale of LP Units may be considered as having disposed of the loaned LP Units, he may no longer be treated for tax purposes as a partner with respect to those LP Units during the period of the loan to the short seller and the unitholder may recognize gain or loss from such disposition. Moreover, during the period

 

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of the loan to the short seller, any of our income, gain, loss or deduction with respect to those LP Units may not be reportable by the unitholder and any cash distributions received by the unitholder as to those LP Units could be fully taxable as ordinary income. Unitholders desiring to assure their status as partners and avoid the risk of gain recognition from a loan to a short seller are urged to modify any applicable brokerage account agreements to prohibit their brokers from borrowing their LP Units.

The sale or exchange of 50% or more of our capital and profits interests during any twelve-month period will result in the termination of our partnership for federal income tax purposes.

We will be considered to have technically terminated for federal income tax purposes if there is a sale or exchange of 50% or more of the total interests in our capital and profits within a twelve-month period. Our termination would, among other things, result in the closing of our taxable year for all unitholders, which would result in us filing two tax returns (and our unitholders could receive two Schedules K-1) for one fiscal year and could result in a significant deferral of depreciation deductions allowable in computing our taxable income. In the case of a unitholder reporting on a taxable year other than a fiscal year ending December 31, the closing of our taxable year may also result in more than twelve months of our taxable income or loss being includable in his taxable income for the year of termination. Our termination currently would not affect our classification as a partnership for federal income tax purposes, but instead, we would be treated as a new partnership for tax purposes. If treated as a new partnership, we must make new tax elections and could be subject to penalties if we are unable to determine that a termination occurred. The IRS has recently announced a relief program whereby, a publicly traded partnership that technically terminates may be allowed to provide one Schedule K-1 to unitholders for the year notwithstanding two partnership tax years.

As a result of investing in our LP Units, a unitholder may become subject to state and local taxes and return filing requirements in jurisdictions where we operate or own or acquire property.

In addition to federal income taxes, a unitholder will likely be subject to other taxes, including state and local taxes, unincorporated business taxes and estate, inheritance or intangible taxes that are imposed by the various jurisdictions in which we conduct business or own property now or in the future, even if a unitholder does not live in any of those jurisdictions. A unitholder will likely be required to file state and local income tax returns and pay state and local income taxes in some or all of these various jurisdictions. Further, a unitholder may be subject to penalties for failure to comply with those requirements. We own property and conduct business in a number of states in the United States. Most of these states impose an income tax on individuals, corporations and other entities. Additionally, we also own property and conduct business in Puerto Rico and The Bahamas. Under current law, you are not required to file a tax return or pay taxes in either of these jurisdictions. As we make acquisitions or expand our business, we may own assets or conduct business in additional states or foreign jurisdictions that impose a personal income tax. It is a unitholder’s responsibility to file all foreign, federal, state and local tax returns.

We have a subsidiary that is treated as a corporation for federal income tax purposes and subject to corporate-level income taxes.

We conduct a portion of our operations through a subsidiary that is a corporation for federal income tax purposes. We may elect to conduct additional operations in corporate form in the future. The corporate subsidiary will be subject to corporate-level tax, which will reduce the cash available for distribution to us and, in turn, to our unitholders. If the IRS were to successfully assert that the corporate subsidiary has more tax liability than we anticipate or legislation was enacted that increased the corporate tax rate, our cash available for distribution would be further reduced.

BORCO is currently exempt from Bahamian taxation. If BORCO’s tax status in The Bahamas were to change, such that BORCO has more tax liability than we anticipate, our cash flow could be materially adversely affected.

BORCO is currently exempt from income and property tax in The Bahamas pursuant to concessions granted under the Hawksbill Creek Agreement between the Government of the Bahamas and the Grand Bahama Port Authority. BORCO’s exemption from Bahamian taxation pursuant to the Hawksbill Creek Agreement is scheduled to expire in 2015. If the Bahamian governmental authorities do not extend the concessions under the Hawksbill Creek Agreement or BORCO’s tax status in The Bahamas were to otherwise change, such that BORCO has more tax liability than we anticipate, our cash flow could be materially adversely affected.

 

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Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments

None.

 

Item 2. Properties

We are managed primarily from two leased commercial business offices located in Breinigsville, Pennsylvania and Houston, Texas that are approximately 75,000 and 49,000 square feet in size, respectively.

In general, our pipelines are located on land owned by others pursuant to rights granted under easements, leases, licenses and permits from railroads, utilities, governmental entities and private parties. Like other pipelines, certain of our rights are revocable at the election of the grantor or are subject to renewal at various intervals, and some require periodic payments. We have not experienced any revocations or lapses of such rights which were material to our business or operations, and we have no reason to expect any such revocation or lapse in the foreseeable future. Most delivery points, pumping stations and terminal facilities are located on land that we own. We have leases for subsurface underground gas storage rights and surface rights in connection with our operations in the Natural Gas Storage segment. BORCO currently leases the inland dock under a long-term agreement through 2067.

See “Item 1, Business” for a description of the location and general character of our material property.

We believe that we have sufficient title to our material assets and properties, possess all material authorizations and revocable consents from state and local governmental and regulatory authorities and have all other material rights necessary to conduct our business substantially in accordance with past practice. Although in certain cases our title to assets and properties or our other rights, including our rights to occupy the land of others under easements, leases, licenses and permits, may be subject to encumbrances, restrictions and other imperfections, we do not expect any of such imperfections to interfere materially with the conduct of our businesses.

 

Item 3. Legal Proceedings

In the ordinary course of business, we are involved in various claims and legal proceedings, some of which are covered by insurance. We are generally unable to predict the timing or outcome of these claims and proceedings. Based upon our evaluation of existing claims and proceedings and the probability of losses relating to such contingencies, we have accrued certain amounts relating to such claims and proceedings, none of which are considered material.

In June 2009, the Pipeline Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (“PHMSA”) proposed penalties totaling approximately $0.6 million as a result of alleged violations of various pipeline safety requirements raised as a result of PHMSA’s 2008 integrated inspection of our procedures and records for operations and maintenance, operator qualification, and integrity management as well as field inspections of locations in Pennsylvania, Ohio, Illinois, Michigan and Colorado. We are contesting portions of the proposed penalty. The timing or outcome of final resolution of this matter cannot reasonably be determined at this time.

In April 2010, PHMSA proposed penalties totaling approximately $0.5 million in connection with a tank overfill incident that occurred at our facility in East Chicago, Indiana in May 2005 and other related personnel qualification issues raised as a result of PHMSA’s 2008 Integrity Inspection. We are contesting the proposed penalty. The timing or outcome of this appeal cannot reasonably be determined at this time.

In October 2011, PHMSA issued a proposed penalty totaling $0.1 million in connection with certain procedural and personnel qualification issues related to product release that occurred in Boothwyn, Pennsylvania in April 2008. We are contesting portions of the proposed penalty. The timing or outcome of final resolution of this matter cannot reasonably be determined at this time.

 

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Table of Contents

In 2010, the Attorney General of Illinois and the State’s Attorney for Will County, Illinois, filed a complaint under caption the People of the State of Illinois et al v. Buckeye Pipe Line Company, L.P. et al. in connection with an alleged release of oil on December 14, 2010, from a pipeline owned by West Shore and operated by Buckeye Pipe Line in Lockport, Illinois. The parties are close to finalizing a settlement for the litigation, and at this time, we anticipate entry of a settlement order by the Court in the first or second quarter of 2012 with the aggregate penalty amount for both West Shore and Buckeye Pipe Line marginally exceeding $0.1 million. Any penalty amount will be paid by West Shore pursuant to the terms of the operating agreement.

 

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

Not applicable.

PART II

 

Item 5. Market for the Registrant’s Units, Related Unitholder Matters, and Issuer Purchases of Units

Our LP Units are listed and traded on the NYSE under the symbol “BPL.” The high and low sales prices of our LP Units during the years ended December 31, 2011 and 2010, as reported in the NYSE Composite Transactions, were as follows:

 

     2011      2010  

Quarter

   High      Low      High      Low  

First

   $ 68.81      $ 58.45      $ 61.50      $ 51.68  

Second

     65.20        59.85        62.39        45.00  

Third

     65.24        54.51        66.00        57.19  

Fourth

     68.45        59.00        71.67        62.00  

 

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The following graph compares the total unitholder return performance of our LP Units with the performance of (i) the Standard & Poor’s 500 Stock Index (“S&P 500”) and (ii) the Alerian MLP index. The Alerian MLP Index is a composite of the 50 most prominent energy master limited partnerships that provides investors with a comprehensive benchmark for this asset class. The graph assumes that $100 was invested in our LP Units and each comparison index beginning on December 29, 2006 and that all distributions or dividends were reinvested on a quarterly basis.

LOGO

 

     12/29/2006      12/31/2007      12/31/2008      12/31/2009      12/31/2010      12/31/2011  

Buckeye Partners, L.P.

   $ 100.00       $ 113.40       $ 80.01       $ 146.27       $ 191.07       $ 194.75   

S&P 500

   $ 100.00       $ 103.55       $ 63.70       $ 78.64       $ 88.69       $ 88.69   

Alerian MLP Index

   $ 100.00       $ 106.43       $ 62.31       $ 100.87       $ 128.54       $ 137.82   

We have gathered tax information from our known unitholders and from brokers/nominees and, based on the information collected, we estimate our number of beneficial unitholders to be approximately 133,629 at December 31, 2011.

There is no established trading market for our Class B Units. As of December 31, 2011, our Class B Units were held by 10 holders of record.

 

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Cash distributions paid to LP Unitholders for the periods indicated were as follows:

 

Record Date

  

Payment Date

   Amount Per
LP Units
 

February 12, 2009

  

February 27, 2009

   $ 0.8875  

May 11, 2009

  

May 29, 2009

     0.9000  

August 7, 2009

  

August 31, 2009

     0.9125  

November 7, 2009

  

November 28, 2009

     0.9250  

February 16, 2010

  

February 26, 2010

   $ 0.9375  

May 17, 2010

  

May 28, 2010

     0.9500  

August 16, 2010

  

August 31, 2010

     0.9625  

November 15, 2010

  

November 30, 2010

     0.9750  

February 21, 2011

  

February 28, 2011

   $ 0.9875  

May 16, 2011

  

May 31, 2011

     1.0000  

August 15, 2011

  

August 31, 2011

     1.0125  

November 14, 2011

  

November 30, 2011

     1.0250  

On February 10, 2012, we announced a quarterly distribution of $1.0375 per LP Unit that will be paid on February 29, 2012, to unitholders of record on February 21, 2012. Total cash distributed to LP Unitholders on February 29, 2012 will be approximately $89.5 million. Class B Unitholders will not receive a distribution of cash, but instead, we have elected to issue additional Class B Units in lieu of a cash distribution as permitted under the terms of the Class B Units.

We generally make quarterly cash distributions of substantially all of our available cash, generally defined as consolidated cash receipts less consolidated cash expenditures and such retentions for working capital, anticipated cash expenditures and contingencies as Buckeye GP deems appropriate. Distributions of cash paid by us to a unitholder will not result in taxable gain or income except to the extent the aggregate amount distributed exceeds the tax basis of the LP Units owned by the unitholder.

We are a publicly traded MLP and are not subject to federal income tax. Instead, unitholders are required to report their allocable share of our income, gain, loss and deduction, regardless of whether we make distributions. We have made quarterly distribution payments since May 1987.

Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities

None.

Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

None.

 

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Item 6. Selected Financial Data

The following tables set forth, for the periods and at the dates indicated, our selected consolidated financial data for each of the last five years which was derived from our audited consolidated financial statements. The tables should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included elsewhere in this Report (in thousands, except per unit amounts).

The financial information for the periods prior to the effective date of the Merger was originally that of BGH. Although Buckeye is the surviving entity for legal purposes, BGH is the surviving entity for accounting purposes; therefore, all of the historical data included in this Item 6 prior to the Merger is BGH’s. Because BGH controlled Buckeye prior to the Merger, Buckeye’s financial statements were consolidated into BGH prior to the Merger.

 

     Year Ended December 31,  
     2011 (1)     2010     2009     2008 (1)     2007  

Income Statement Data:

          

Revenue

   $ 4,759,610     $ 3,151,268     $ 1,770,372     $ 1,896,652     $    519,347  

Depreciation and amortization

     119,534       59,590       54,699       50,834       40,236  

Equity plan modification expense (2)

     —          21,058       —          —          —     

Goodwill impairment expense (2)

     169,560       —          —          —          —     

Asset impairment expense (2)

     —          —          59,724       —          —     

Reorgnization expense (2)

     —          —          32,057       —          —     

Operating income (2)

     188,874       279,501       203,800       246,492       195,353  

Interest and debt expense

     119,561       89,169       75,147       75,410       51,721  

Net income (2)

     114,664       201,008       141,637       180,623       152,675  

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests (3)

     (6,163     (157,928     (92,043     (154,146     (129,754

Net income attributable to Buckeye
Partners, L.P.

     108,501       43,080       49,594       26,477       22,921  

Earnings per unit - diluted (4)

   $ 1.20     $ 1.65     $ 2.49     $ 1.33     $ 1.15  

Cash distributions per LP Unit - paid

   $ 4.03     $ 3.83     $ 3.63     $ 3.43     $ 3.23  

 

     December 31,  
     2011 (1)     2010     2009      2008 (1)      2007  

Balance Sheet Data:

            

Total assets

   $ 5,570,376     $ 3,574,216     $ 3,486,571      $ 3,263,097      $ 2,354,326  

Total debt, including current portion

     2,644,774       1,805,218       1,746,473        1,555,719        869,463  

Total Buckeye Partners, L.P. capital (3)

     2,303,169       1,392,405       242,334        232,060        238,330  

Accumulated other comprehensive loss (3)

     (127,741     (21,259     —           —           —     

Noncontrolling interests (3)

     20,788       17,855       1,209,960        1,166,774        1,066,143  

 

(1) Substantial increase in revenue for the year ended December 31, 2011 compared to the year ended December 31, 2010 was the result of the BORCO acquisition in the first quarter of 2011, pipelines and terminals acquired in the second quarter of 2011 and a full year of revenue from the Yabucoa terminal, which was acquired in December 2010. Also, increase in total assets and depreciation and amortization for the year ended December 31, 2011 compared to the year ended December 31, 2010 was a result of the previously noted acquisitions. Substantial increases in revenue, operating income, net income and total assets for the year ended December 31, 2008 compared to the year ended December 31, 2007 resulted from the acquisitions of Lodi Gas and Farm & Home Oil Company LLC (“Farm & Home”) in the first quarter of 2008.
(2) Operating income and net income for the years ended December 31, 2011, December 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009 include non-cash charges of $169.6 million related to a goodwill impairment (see Note 9 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements), $21.1 million related to the modification of an equity compensation plan (see Note 18 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements) and $59.7 million related to an asset impairment (see Note 7 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements) and $32.1 million of expenses incurred in connection with an organizational restructuring (see Note 23 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements), respectively.

 

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(3) Prior to the Merger, noncontrolling interests reported by BGH included equity interests in Buckeye that were not owned by BGH and amounts in accumulated other comprehensive loss were included in noncontrolling interests. In connection with the Merger, total Buckeye capital increased substantially with the elimination of noncontrolling interests and amounts included in noncontrolling interests in our consolidated balance sheet associated with certain third-party ownership interests in Buckeye were reclassified as limited partners’ interests.
(4) Pursuant to the Merger, BGH’s Unitholders received a total of approximately 20.0 million of Buckeye’s LP Units in the aggregate in exchange for all outstanding BGH common units and management units. As a result, the number of Buckeye’s LP Units outstanding increased from 51.6 million to 71.4 million. However, for historical reporting purposes, the impact of this change was accounted for as a reverse split of BGH’s units of 0.705 to 1.0, together with the addition of Buckeye’s existing LP Units. Therefore, since BGH was considered the surviving accounting entity, the weighted average number of LP Units outstanding used for basic and diluted earnings per LP Unit calculations are BGH’s historical weighted average common units outstanding adjusted for the reverse unit split and the addition of Buckeye’s existing LP Units. Amounts reflecting historical BGH unit and per unit amounts included in this Report have been restated for the reverse unit split.

Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

The following discussion should be read in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and our accompanying notes thereto included in Item 8 of this Report.

Overview of Business

Our primary business objective is to provide stable and sustainable cash distributions to our LP Unitholders, while maintaining a relatively low investment risk profile. The key elements of our strategy are to: (i) maximize utilization of our assets at the lowest cost per unit; (ii) maintain stable long-term customer relationships; (iii) operate in a safe and environmentally responsible manner; (iv) optimize, expand and diversify our portfolio of energy assets; and (v) maintain a solid, conservative financial position and our investment-grade credit rating.

We own and operate one of the largest independent refined petroleum products pipeline systems in the United States in terms of volumes delivered, with approximately 6,100 miles of pipeline and over 100 active products terminals that provide aggregate storage capacity of approximately 64 million barrels. We also operate and maintain approximately 2,800 miles of third-party pipelines under agreements with major oil and gas, petrochemical and chemical companies, and perform certain engineering and construction management services for third parties. We also own and operate a natural gas storage facility in Northern California, and are a wholesale distributor of refined petroleum products in the United States in areas also served by our pipelines and terminals. Our flagship marine terminal in The Bahamas, BORCO, is one of the largest marine crude oil and petroleum products storage facilities in the world, serving the international markets as a premier global logistics hub.

We operate and report in five business segments: (i) Pipelines & Terminals; (ii) International Operations; (iii) Natural Gas Storage; (iv) Energy Services; and (v) Development & Logistics. See Note 25 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for a more detailed discussion of our business segments.

Although titled Buckeye Partners, L.P., the accompanying financial statements in this Report were originally the financial statements of BGH prior to the completion of the Merger.

2011 Developments

During 2011, we issued equity and debt, which financed acquisitions and expansion projects. During January and February 2011, we completed the purchase of First Reserve’s and Vopak’s interests in FRBCH for approximately $1.4 billion in cash and equity and repaid BORCO’s outstanding indebtedness and settled their interest rate derivative instruments, collectively representing approximately $318.2 million. To fund a portion of the acquisition, we issued $650.0 million of our 4.875% Notes due 2021 and issued 5,794,725 LP Units and 1,314,870 Class B Units to institutional investors for aggregate consideration of approximately $425.0 million. Also, we issued 2,483,444 LP Units and 4,382,889 Class B Units to First Reserve as $400.0 million of consideration and 620,861 LP Units and 1,095,722 Class B Units to Vopak as $100.0 million of consideration. In April 2011, we issued 5,520,000 LP Units in an underwritten public offering with net proceeds of $316.6 million. In May 2011, we sold our 20% interest in WT LPG for $85.0 million. Then, in June 2011, we acquired pipeline and terminal assets from BP for $166.0 million, and in July 2011, we acquired a terminal in Bangor, Maine, a terminal in Portland, Maine through a 50/50 joint venture with Irving and a 124-mile pipeline that connects the two terminals from ExxonMobil for $23.5 million. In September 2011, Buckeye and Buckeye Energy Services LLC (“BES”) entered into a Credit Facility with SunTrust Bank and other lenders to provide for a $1.25 billion senior unsecured revolving credit agreement.

 

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Results of Operations

Consolidated Summary

Adjusted EBITDA (as defined below) increased during the year ended December 31, 2011 compared to the year ended December 31, 2010 and during the year ended December 31, 2010 compared to the year ended December 31, 2009.

Our revenue increased during the year ended December 31, 2011 compared to the year ended December 31, 2010, primarily due to an overall increase in refined petroleum product prices and volumes of products sold in the Energy Services segment, the BORCO acquisition and a full year of revenue from the Yabucoa terminal in the International Operations segment, acquisitions in 2011 and 2010 and higher pipeline tariff rates and terminalling fees in the Pipelines & Terminals segment, partially offset by lower volumes on legacy assets in the Pipelines & Terminals segment. Our operating income and net income decreased during the year ended December 31, 2011 compared to the year ended December 31, 2010, primarily due to recognition of a goodwill impairment in the Natural Gas Storage segment.

Our revenue, operating income and net income increased during the year ended December 31, 2010 compared to the year ended December 31, 2009, primarily due to contributions from terminals acquired in November 2009 and higher pipeline tariff rates and other pipeline transportation revenue and the recognition of expenses in the 2009 period in connection with our organizational restructuring and a non-cash charge for an asset impairment.

Our summary operating results were as follows for the periods indicated (in thousands, except per unit amounts):

 

     Year Ended December 31,  
     2011     2010     2009  

Revenue

   $ 4,759,610     $ 3,151,268     $ 1,770,372  

Costs and expenses

     4,570,736       2,871,767       1,566,572  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating income

     188,874       279,501       203,800  

Earnings from equity investments

     10,434       11,363       12,531  

Gain on sale of equity investment

     34,727       —          —     

Interest and debt expense

     (119,561     (89,169     (75,147

Other income (expense)

     190       (687     453  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income

     114,664       201,008       141,637  

Less: net income attributable to noncontrolling interests

     (6,163     (157,928     (92,043
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income attributable to Buckeye Partners, L.P.

   $ 108,501     $ 43,080     $ 49,594  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Earnings per unit - diluted (1)

   $ 1.20     $ 1.65     $ 2.49  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(1)

Pursuant to the Merger, BGH’s Unitholders received a total of approximately 20.0 million of Buckeye’s LP Units in the aggregate in exchange for all outstanding BGH common units and management units. As a result, the number of Buckeye’s LP Units outstanding increased from 51.6 million to 71.4 million. However, for historical reporting purposes, the impact of this change was accounted for as a reverse split of BGH’s units of 0.705 to 1.0, together with the addition of Buckeye’s existing LP Units. Therefore, since BGH was the surviving accounting entity, the weighted average number of LP Units outstanding used for basic and diluted earnings per LP Unit calculations are BGH’s historical weighted average common units outstanding adjusted

 

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  for the reverse unit split and the addition of Buckeye’s existing LP Units. Amounts reflecting historical BGH unit and per unit amounts included in this Report have been restated for the reverse unit split.

Adjusted EBITDA

Adjusted EBITDA is the primary measure used by senior management, including our Chief Executive Officer, to evaluate our operating results and to allocate our resources. We define EBITDA, a measure not defined under U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”), as net income attributable to our unitholders before interest and debt expense, income taxes and depreciation and amortization. The EBITDA measure eliminates the significant level of non-cash depreciation and amortization expense that results from the capital-intensive nature of our businesses and from intangible assets recognized in business combinations. In addition, EBITDA is unaffected by our capital structure due to the elimination of interest and debt expense and income taxes. We define Adjusted EBITDA, which is also a non-GAAP measure, as EBITDA plus: (i) non-cash deferred lease expense, which is the difference between the estimated annual land lease expense for our natural gas storage facility in the Natural Gas Storage segment to be recorded under GAAP and the actual cash to be paid for such annual land lease; (ii) non-cash unit-based compensation expense; (iii) non-cash impairment expense related to the Buckeye NGL Pipeline; (iv) organizational restructuring expense; (v) non-cash BGH GP equity plan modification expense; (vi) income attributable to noncontrolling interests related to Buckeye for periods prior to the Merger in order to provide comparability between periods before and after the Merger; and (vii) non-cash goodwill impairment expense associated with the Natural Gas Storage segment; less (i) amortization of unfavorable storage contracts acquired in connection with the BORCO acquisition; and (ii) gain on the sale of our equity investment in WT LPG.

The EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA data presented may not be comparable to similarly titled measures at other companies because EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA exclude some items that affect net income attributable to our unitholders, and these items may be defined differently by other companies. Our senior management uses Adjusted EBITDA to evaluate consolidated operating performance and the operating performance of our business segments and to allocate resources and capital to the business segments. In addition, our senior management uses Adjusted EBITDA as a performance measure to evaluate the viability of proposed projects and to determine overall rates of return on alternative investment opportunities.

We believe that investors benefit from having access to the same financial measures that we use. Further, we believe that these measures are useful to investors because they are one of the bases for comparing our operating performance with that of other companies with similar operations, although our measures may not be directly comparable to similar measures used by other companies.

 

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The following table presents our measurement of Adjusted EBITDA and a reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to net income attributable to our unitholders, which is the most comparable GAAP financial measure (in thousands):

 

     Year Ended December 31,  
     2011     2010     2009  

Adjusted EBITDA:

      

Pipelines & Terminals

   $ 361,018     $ 346,447     $ 302,164  

International Operations

     112,996       (4,655     —     

Natural Gas Storage

     4,204       29,794       41,950  

Energy Services

     1,797       5,861       19,335  

Development & Logistics

     7,932       5,193       6,718  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Adjusted EBITDA

     487,947       382,640       370,167  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Interest and debt expense

     (119,561     (89,169     (75,147

Income tax benefit

     192       919       343  

Depreciation and amortization

     (119,534     (59,590     (54,699

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests affected by Merger (for periods prior to Merger) (1)

     —          (157,467     (90,381

Non-cash deferred lease expense

     (4,122     (4,235     (4,500

Non-cash unit-based compensation expense

     (9,150     (8,960     (4,408

Equity plan modification expense

     —          (21,058     —     

Asset impairment expense

     —          —          (59,724

Goodwill impairment expense

     (169,560     —          —     

Gain on sale of equity investment

     34,727       —          —     

Amortization of unfavorable storage contracts

     7,562       —          —     

Reorganization expense

     —          —          (32,057
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income attributable to Buckeye Partners, L.P.

     108,501       43,080       49,594  

Add: net income attributable to noncontrolling interests

     6,163       157,928       92,043  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income

   $ 114,664     $ 201,008     $ 141,637  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(1) Amounts represent portions of BGH’s noncontrolling interests related to Buckeye that were eliminated as a result of the Merger. Amounts are excluded for the portion of 2010 prior to the Merger and the 2009 periods for comparability purposes.

 

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Segment Results

A summary of financial information by business segment follows for the periods indicated (in thousands):

 

     Year Ended December 31,  
     2011     2010     2009  

Revenue:

      

Pipelines & Terminals

   $ 631,289     $ 574,990     $ 529,243  

International Operations

     193,960       936       —     

Natural Gas Storage

     65,990       95,337       99,163  

Energy Services

     3,888,961       2,481,566       1,125,013  

Development & Logistics

     43,068       37,696       34,136  

Intersegment

     (63,658     (39,257     (17,183
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenue

   $ 4,759,610     $ 3,151,268     $ 1,770,372  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total costs and expenses: (1)

      

Pipelines & Terminals

   $ 340,716     $ 308,806     $ 374,202  

International Operations

     121,893       5,592       —     

Natural Gas Storage

     243,153       79,268       68,589  

Energy Services

     3,893,423       2,482,933       1,111,927  

Development & Logistics

     35,209       34,425       29,037  

Intersegment

     (63,658     (39,257     (17,183
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total costs and expenses

   $ 4,570,736     $ 2,871,767     $ 1,566,572  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization:

      

Pipelines & Terminals

   $ 55,469     $ 46,320     $ 42,791  

International Operations

     50,011       —          —     

Natural Gas Storage

     7,136       6,594       5,971  

Energy Services

     5,261       4,933       4,204  

Development & Logistics

     1,657       1,743       1,733  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total depreciation and amortization

   $ 119,534     $ 59,590     $ 54,699  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating income (loss):

      

Pipelines & Terminals

   $ 290,573     $ 266,184     $ 155,041  

International Operations

     72,067       (4,656     —     

Natural Gas Storage

     (177,163     16,069       30,574  

Energy Services

     (4,462     (1,367     13,086  

Development & Logistics

     7,859       3,271       5,099  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total operating income

   $ 188,874     $ 279,501     $ 203,800  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(1) Total costs and expenses includes depreciation and amortization, asset impairment expense, goodwill impairment expense, equity plan modification expense and reorganization expense.

 

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The following table presents product volumes transported and average daily throughput for the Pipelines & Terminals segment and total volumes sold for the Energy Services segment for the periods indicated:

 

     Year Ended December 31,  
     2011      2010      2009  

Pipelines & Terminals (average bpd in thousands):

        

Pipelines:

        

Gasoline

     659.2        643.7        650.1  

Jet fuel

     340.6        338.5        336.7  

Diesel fuel

     264.3        234.4        209.8  

Heating oil

     61.2        66.9        74.9  

LPGs

     16.2        18.0        16.5  

NGLs (1)

     —           —           13.9  

Other products

     6.0        3.0        8.0  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total pipelines throughput

     1,347.5        1,304.5        1,309.9  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Terminals:

        

Products throughput (2)

     742.8        562.5        471.9  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Energy Services (in millions of gallons):

        

Sales volumes

     1,337.8        1,139.1        655.1  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1) Represents volumes transported by the Buckeye NGL Pipeline, which we sold on January 1, 2010.
(2) Amounts for 2011 include throughput volumes of 199.4 and 13.3 bpd in thousands on terminals acquired from BP and ExxonMobil on June 1, 2011 and July 19, 2011, respectively.

Year Ended December 31, 2011 Compared to Year Ended December 31, 2010

Consolidated

Adjusted EBITDA. Adjusted EBITDA increased by $105.3 million, or 27.5%, to $487.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2011 from $382.6 million for the corresponding period in 2010. The International Operations, Pipelines & Terminals and Development & Logistics segments were responsible for the increase in Adjusted EBITDA. The International Operations segment increased Adjusted EBITDA by $117.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2011 as compared to the corresponding period in 2010 as a result of the acquisition of the BORCO facility in 2011 and a full year of operations for the Yabucoa terminal, which was acquired in December 2010. The Pipelines & Terminals segment’s Adjusted EBITDA increased by $14.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2011 as compared to the corresponding period in 2010 as a result of a positive net contribution relating to pipeline and terminal acquisitions in 2011, higher pipeline tariff rates and terminalling contract rate escalations and an increase in other revenue, partially offset by a decrease in revenue due to lower pipeline and terminalling volumes on legacy assets, acquisition and integration expenses, higher cash operating expenses, unfavorable settlement experience and a decrease in earnings from equity investments primarily due to the sale of our interest in WT LPG. The Development & Logistics segment’s Adjusted EBITDA increased by $2.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2011 as compared to the corresponding period in 2010, primarily due to expenses associated with a customer bankruptcy in the 2010 period, increased operating services contract margins as a result of new contracts and higher fees, a net contribution relating to the liquefied petroleum gas (“LPG”) storage caverns acquired in November 2011 and increased project management margins, partially offset by higher operating and other costs and net proceeds from the ammonia linefill sale in the 2010 period.

These increases in Adjusted EBITDA were partially offset by a decrease in Adjusted EBITDA in the Natural Gas Storage and Energy Services segments. The Natural Gas Storage segment’s Adjusted EBITDA decreased by $25.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2011 as compared to the corresponding period in 2010, resulting primarily due to a decrease in the hub services margin and net lease revenue due to decreased storage prices relating to low volatility in natural gas prices and compressed seasonal spreads in part due to system capacity constraints as a result of unplanned maintenance on a pipeline combined with excess supply and weak domestic demand and higher operating costs. The Energy Services segment’s Adjusted EBITDA decreased by $4.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2011 as compared to the corresponding period in 2010 primarily due to declining basis which had an adverse effect on the net value of our inventory portfolio.

 

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Revenue. Revenue was $4,759.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2011, which is an increase of $1,608.3 million, or 51.0%, from the year ended December 31, 2010. The increase in revenue for the year ended December 31, 2011 as compared to the corresponding period in 2010 was caused primarily by the following:

 

   

an increase of $1,407.4 million in revenue from the Energy Services segment, resulting from an overall increase in refined petroleum product prices and volumes of product sold during the year ended December 31, 2011 as compared to the corresponding period in 2010. The 198.7 million gallon increase in sales volume resulted in an increase in revenue of approximately $432.9 million and the increase in the average sales price per gallon from $2.18 in the 2010 period to $2.91 in the 2011 period, or approximately $0.73 per gallon, contributed to an increase in revenue of approximately $974.5 million;

 

   

an increase of $193.1 million in revenue as a result of the BORCO acquisition in 2011 and a full year of revenue from the Yabucoa terminal, which was acquired in December 2010;

 

   

an increase of $56.3 million in revenue from the Pipelines & Terminals segment as a result of pipeline and terminal acquisitions in 2011, higher pipeline tariff rates and terminalling contract rate escalations and an increase in other revenue, partially offset by a decrease due to lower pipeline and terminalling volumes on legacy assets and unfavorable settlement experience; and

 

   

an increase of $5.4 million in revenue from the Development & Logistics segment primarily relates to an increase in operating services contract revenue as a result of new contracts and higher fees, an increase in project management and other revenue and a net contribution relating to the LPG storage caverns acquired in November 2011, partially offset by proceeds from the ammonia linefill sale in the 2010 period.

The increase in revenue was partially offset by:

 

   

a decrease of $29.3 million in revenue from the Natural Gas Storage segment resulting primarily from a reduced level of hub services activities due to weakness in market fundamentals, including compressed seasonal spreads and lower lease revenue due to lower fees charged.

Total Costs and Expenses. Total costs and expenses were $4,570.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2011, which is an increase of $1,698.9 million, or 59.2%, from the corresponding period in 2010. Total costs and expenses reflect:

 

   

an increase of $1,410.5 million in costs and expenses for the Energy Services segment primarily related to an increase of $1,413.2 in cost of product sales in the 2011 period as compared to the 2010 period, primarily as a result of increased refined petroleum product prices and increased volumes sold, an increase in property taxes, an increase in depreciation and amortization and an increase in other costs. The average cost of products sold increased from approximately $2.16 per gallon in the 2010 period to approximately $2.89 per gallon in the 2011 period, or approximately $0.73 per gallon, resulting in an increase in cost of products sold of approximately $984.4 million, and sales volumes increased by 198.7 million gallons between the 2010 and 2011 periods, contributing $428.8 million to the increase in cost of products sold. The increase in total costs and expenses was partially offset by a decrease in payroll costs, a decrease in bad debt expense and a decrease in compensation expense as a result of the equity plan modification expense during 2010;

 

   

an increase of $163.9 million in costs and expenses for the Natural Gas Storage segment primarily related to a non-cash goodwill impairment charge, an increase in outside services and other costs due to well workover costs, an increase in depreciation and amortization and an increase in professional fees and other costs, partially offset by a decrease in cost of natural gas storage services, which includes hub services fees paid to customers for hub service activities, a decrease in compensation expense as a result of the equity plan modification expense during 2010 and a decrease in payroll costs;

 

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an increase of $116.3 million in costs and expenses for the International Operations segment as a result of the BORCO acquisition in 2011 and a full year of costs from the Yabucoa terminal, which was acquired in December 2010;

 

   

an increase of $31.9 million in costs and expenses for the Pipelines & Terminals segment as a result of operating costs relating to pipeline and terminal acquisitions in 2011, an increase in depreciation and amortization, acquisition and integration expenses, an increase in environmental expenses, an increase in property taxes and an increase in payroll costs, partially offset by a decrease in compensation expense as a result of the modification of an equity compensation plan during 2010, a decrease in operating power costs, a decrease in professional fees, a decrease in outside services and a decrease in other expenses, primarily related to bad debt expense; and

 

   

an increase of $0.8 million in costs and expenses for the Development & Logistics segment as a result of an increase in operating services contract costs as a result of new contracts, higher operating costs and other costs, an increase in project management activities and lower income tax benefit, partially offset by expenses associated with a customer bankruptcy in the 2010 period, a decrease in compensation expense as a result of the modification of an equity compensation plan during 2010 and a decrease in costs related to the retirement of certain assets.

Goodwill impairment expense, depreciation and amortization expense, equity plan modification expense and income tax benefit are not components of Adjusted EBITDA as presented in the reconciliation above.

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests. Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests was $6.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2011 as compared to $157.9 million in the corresponding period in 2010. Noncontrolling interests primarily represents Services Company equity and portions of the Sabina Pipeline and WesPac Memphis that are not owned by Buckeye. The 2011 amount includes $1.7 million of noncontrolling interests expense related to the 20% of BORCO not acquired by us until February 16, 2011. For the 2010 period through November 19, 2010, the date of the Merger, noncontrolling interests also included equity interests in Buckeye that were not owned by BGH. These interests were eliminated in connection with the Merger.

Net income attributable to unitholders. Net income attributable to our unitholders was $108.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2011 compared to $43.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2010. Interest and debt expense increased by $30.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2011 as compared to the corresponding period in 2010, which increase was largely attributable to the issuance in January 2011 of the 4.875% Notes and higher outstanding borrowings under the BPL Credit Facility and the BES Credit Facility, partially offset by an increase of $5.1 million in capitalized interest, primarily as a result of the BORCO acquisition. Other revenue and expense items impacting operating income are discussed above.

For a more detailed discussion of the above factors affecting our results, see the following discussion by segment.

Pipelines & Terminals

Adjusted EBITDA. Adjusted EBITDA from the Pipelines & Terminals segment of $361.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2011 increased by $14.6 million, or 4.2%, from $346.4 million for the corresponding period in 2010. The increase in Adjusted EBITDA was primarily due to a $22.8 million positive net contribution relating to pipeline and terminal acquisitions in 2011, $19.2 million due to higher pipeline tariff rates and terminalling contract rate escalations and a $9.0 million increase in other revenue.

These increases in Adjusted EBITDA were partially offset by a $12.5 million decrease in revenue due to lower pipeline and terminalling volumes on legacy assets, a $8.8 million increase in acquisition and integration expenses, a $7.5 million increase in operating expenses, $6.6 million in unfavorable settlement experience and a $1.0 million decrease in earnings from equity investments primarily due to the sale of our interest in WT LPG. The revenue and expense factors affecting the variance in Adjusted EBITDA are more fully discussed below.

 

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Revenue. Revenue from the Pipelines & Terminals segment was $631.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2011, which is an increase of $56.3 million, or 9.8%, from the corresponding period in 2010. Revenues increased by $48.5 million due to pipeline and terminal acquisitions in 2011, $19.2 million due to higher pipeline tariff rates and terminalling contract rate escalations and a $9.0 million increase in other revenue.

These increases were partially offset by a $12.5 million decrease in revenue due to lower pipeline and terminalling volumes on legacy assets, $6.6 million in unfavorable settlement experience and a $1.3 million decrease due to operating services contract revenue attributable to contracts assigned to the Development & Logistics segment. Overall pipeline and terminalling volumes increased by 3.3% and 32.1%, respectively, as a result of the acquisition of pipeline and terminal assets in 2011. Excluding the impact of the acquisitions, pipeline volumes decreased by 1.3% primarily due to lower gasoline volumes as a result of lower demand caused by high commodity prices and supply interruptions due to severe weather conditions and lower heating oil volumes due to lack of contango in the market and refinery closures. Terminalling volumes decreased by 5.8% primarily due to lower ethanol volumes as a result of competitive pressures and lower gasoline and distillate volumes as a result of lower demand caused by high commodity prices and supply interruptions due to severe weather conditions and refinery maintenance issues.

Total Costs and Expenses. Total costs and expenses from the Pipelines & Terminals segment were $340.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2011, which is an increase of $31.9 million, or 10.3%, from the corresponding period in 2010. The increase in total costs and expenses was primarily due to $25.7 million of operating costs relating to pipeline and terminal acquisitions in 2011, a $9.2 million increase in depreciation and amortization as a result of newly acquired assets placed in service, a $8.8 million increase in acquisition and integration expenses, a $4.8 million increase in environmental expenses, a $3.0 million increase in property taxes and a $1.9 million increase in payroll costs.

These increases in total costs and expenses were partially offset by a $16.4 million decrease in compensation expense as a result of the equity plan modification during 2010 (see Note 18 in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements), a $1.6 million decrease in operating power costs, a $1.3 million decrease in operating services contract costs attributable to contracts assigned to the Development & Logistics segment, a $0.7 million increase in professional fees, a $0.7 million increase in outside services and a $0.8 million decrease in other expenses, primarily relating to bad debt expense.

Depreciation and amortization expense and equity plan modification expense are not components of Adjusted EBITDA as presented in the reconciliation above.

Operating Income. Operating income from the Pipelines & Terminals segment was $290.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2011 compared to operating income of $266.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2010. Revenue and expense items impacting operating income are discussed above.

International Operations

Adjusted EBITDA. Adjusted EBITDA from the International Operations segment of $113.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2011 increased by $117.7 million from a loss of $4.7 million for the corresponding period in 2010. Adjusted EBITDA increased as the result of the BORCO acquisition in 2011 and a full year of operations for the Yabucoa terminal, which was acquired in December 2010. The increase in Adjusted EBITDA was primarily due to $185.5 million in revenue, partially offset by a $62.9 million in operating costs, a $3.2 million increase in acquisition and integration expenses and $1.7 million of noncontrolling interests expense related to the 20% of BORCO not acquired by us until February 16, 2011. The revenue and expense factors affecting Adjusted EBITDA are more fully discussed below.

Revenue. Revenue from the International Operations segment was $194.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2011, which is an increase of $193.1 million from the corresponding period in 2010. Revenue increased as a result of the BORCO acquisition in 2011 and a full year of revenue from the Yabucoa terminal, which was acquired in December 2010. The increase in revenue primarily related to a $151.0 million increase in storage fees, $18.1 million of berthing fees, which represent amounts charged to ships that utilize the facility’s jetties, $16.4 million of other ancillary service revenue and $7.6 million related to the revenue recognition from unfavorable storage contracts acquired in connection with the BORCO acquisition, which is not a component of Adjusted EBITDA as presented in the reconciliation above.

 

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Total Costs and Expenses. Total costs and expenses from the International Operations segment was $121.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2011, which is an increase of $116.3 million from the corresponding period in 2010. Total costs and expenses increased primarily due to costs related to operating the BORCO facility and a full year of costs for the Yabucoa terminal. The increase in total costs and expenses primarily related to $50.0 million in depreciation and amortization, $18.4 million in payroll costs, $15.1 million in repair, maintenance and other costs, $10.7 million in insurance costs, $8.1 million in lease expenses, $5.8 million in outside services, $5.0 million in fuel costs and a $3.2 million increase in acquisition and integration expenses. During December 31, 2010, total costs and expenses included $5.0 million in acquisition and integration costs relating to the BORCO facility and Yabucoa terminal. Depreciation and amortization is not a component of Adjusted EBITDA as presented in the reconciliation above.

Operating Income. Operating income from the International Operations segment was $72.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2011. Revenue and expense items impacting operating income are discussed above.

Natural Gas Storage

Adjusted EBITDA. Adjusted EBITDA from the Natural Gas Storage segment of $4.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2011 decreased by $25.6 million, or 85.9%, from $29.8 million for the corresponding period in 2010. The decrease in Adjusted EBITDA was primarily the result of a $14.1 million and $8.6 million decrease in hub services margin and net lease revenue, respectively, due to decreased storage prices relating to low volatility in natural gas prices and compressed seasonal spreads in part due to system capacity constraints as a result of unplanned maintenance on a pipeline combined with excess supply and weak domestic demand and $2.9 million of higher operating costs during the year ended December 31, 2011. The revenue and expense factors affecting the variance in Adjusted EBITDA are more fully discussed below.

Revenue. Revenue from the Natural Gas Storage segment was $66.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2011, which is a decrease of $29.3 million, or 30.8%, from the corresponding period in 2010. Lease revenue and hub service fees are primarily determined by the difference in natural gas commodity prices for the periods in which natural gas is injected and withdrawn from the storage facility (i.e., time spread). Weakness in market fundamentals, including compressed seasonal spreads, resulted in a $20.7 million decrease in fees for hub service activities during the year ended December 31, 2011 as compared to the corresponding period in 2010. Lease revenue decreased $8.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2011, primarily due to a decrease in the fee charged for each volumetric unit of storage capacity leased.

Total Costs and Expenses. Total costs and expenses from the Natural Gas Storage segment were $243.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2011, which is an increase of $163.9 million, or 206.7%, from the corresponding period in 2010. The increase primarily relates to a $169.6 million non-cash goodwill impairment charge, a $2.6 million increase in outside services and other costs, primarily due to well workover costs, a $0.5 million increase in depreciation and amortization and a $0.4 million increase in professional fees and other costs, partially offset by a $6.7 million decrease in cost of natural gas storage services, which includes hub services fees paid to customers for hub service activities, a $1.9 million decrease in compensation expense as a result of the equity plan modification during 2010 and a $0.6 million decrease in payroll costs. Goodwill impairment expense, depreciation and amortization and equity plan modification expense are not components of Adjusted EBITDA as presented in the reconciliation above.

Operating Income (Loss). Operating loss from the Natural Gas Storage segment was $177.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2011 compared to operating income of $16.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2010. Revenue and expense items impacting operating income are discussed above.

Energy Services

Adjusted EBITDA. Adjusted EBITDA from the Energy Services segment of $1.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2011 decreased by $4.1 million, or 69.3%, from $5.9 million for the corresponding period in 2010. The decrease in Adjusted EBITDA was primarily due to declining basis, which had an adverse effect on the net value of our inventory portfolio. During the period, market

 

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dynamics impacting the flow of product along the supply chain and warmer weather conditions, which resulted in decreased consumer demand created downward pressure on basis. At the rack, sales volumes were 17.4% higher than the 2010 period. The revenue and expense factors affecting the variance in Adjusted EBITDA are more fully discussed below.

Revenue. Revenue from the Energy Services segment was $3,889.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2011, which is an increase of $1,407.4 million, or 56.7%, from the corresponding period in 2010. This increase in revenue was primarily due to an increase in refined petroleum product average sales prices of approximately $0.73 per gallon (average sales price per gallon was $2.91 and $2.18 for the 2011 and 2010 periods, respectively) resulting in an increase of $974.5 million in the 2011 period, and an increase of 17.4% in sales volumes that contributed an additional $432.9 million in revenue.

Total Costs and Expenses. Total costs and expenses from the Energy Services segment were $3,893.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2011, which is an increase of $1,410.5 million, or 56.8%, from the corresponding period in 2010. The increase in total costs and expenses was primarily due to a $1,413.2 million increase in cost of product sales as a result of increased volumes sold and an increase in refined petroleum product prices (average cost of product sold per gallon was $2.89 and $2.16 for the 2011 and 2010 periods, respectively), a $0.7 million increase in property taxes, a $0.3 million increase in depreciation and amortization and a $0.3 million increase in other costs. The increase of $428.8 million and $984.4 million in the cost of product sold between the 2010 and 2011 periods, respectively, was due to the 17.4% increase in sales volumes and the $0.73 per gallon increase in product sales price.

These increases in total costs and expenses were partially offset by a $1.6 million decrease in payroll costs, a $1.3 million decrease in bad debt expense and a $1.1 million decrease in compensation expense as a result of the equity plan modification during 2010.

Depreciation and amortization and equity plan modification expense are not components of Adjusted EBITDA as presented in the reconciliation above.

Operating Income (Loss). Operating loss from the Energy Services segment was $4.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2011 compared to operating loss of $1.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2010. Revenue and expense items impacting operating income are discussed above.

Development & Logistics

Adjusted EBITDA. Adjusted EBITDA from the Development & Logistics segment of $7.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2011 increased by $2.7 million, or 52.7%, from $5.2 million for the corresponding period in 2010, primarily due to a $2.4 million in expenses associated with a customer bankruptcy in the 2010 period, a $1.5 million increase in operating services contract margins as a result of new contracts and higher fees, a $0.5 million net contribution relating to the LPG storage caverns acquired in November 2011 and a $0.3 million increase in project management margins, partially offset by $1.1 million of higher operating and other costs and $0.9 million of net proceeds from the ammonia linefill sale in the 2010 period. The revenue and expense factors affecting the variance in Adjusted EBITDA are more fully discussed below.

Revenue. Revenue from the Development & Logistics segment was $43.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2011, which is an increase of $5.4 million, or 14.3%, from the corresponding period in 2010. The increase in revenue was primarily due to a $4.5 million increase in operating services contract revenue as a result of new contracts and higher fees, a $1.3 million increase in project management and other revenue and $0.7 million net contribution relating to the LPG storage caverns acquired in November 2011, partially offset by the $1.1 million of proceeds from the ammonia linefill sale in the 2010 period.

Total Costs and Expenses. Total costs and expenses from the Development & Logistics segment were $35.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2011, which is an increase of $0.8 million, or 2.3%, from the corresponding period in 2010. The increase in total costs and expenses was primarily due to a $3.0 million increase in operating services contract costs as a result of new contracts, $1.1 million of higher operating and other costs, a $0.7 million increase in project management activities and $0.7 million of lower income tax benefit, partially offset by $2.4 million of expenses associated with a customer bankruptcy in the 2010 period, a $1.9 million

 

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decrease in compensation expense as a result of the equity plan modification during 2010 and a $0.4 million decrease in costs related to the retirement of certain assets. The income tax benefit and equity plan modification expense are not a component of Adjusted EBITDA as presented in the reconciliation above.

Operating Income. Operating income from the Development & Logistics segment was $7.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2011 compared to operating income of $3.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2010. Revenue and expense items impacting operating income are discussed above.

Year Ended December 31, 2010 Compared to Year Ended December 31, 2009

Consolidated

Adjusted EBITDA. Adjusted EBITDA increased by $12.4 million, or 3.4%, to $382.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2010 from $370.2 million for the corresponding period in 2009. The Pipelines & Terminals segment was primarily responsible for this increase in Adjusted EBITDA. The Pipelines & Terminals segment’s Adjusted EBITDA increased by $44.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2010 as compared to the corresponding period in 2009, driven by the contribution from pipeline assets and terminals acquired in November 2009 and in the fourth quarter of 2010, the impact of internal growth projects, increased terminal throughput volumes, favorable settlement experience, higher terminal fees and tariff rates, increased storage, rental and other service revenues and lower operating expenses, partially offset by lower pipeline volumes transported during the year ended December 31, 2010 compared to the corresponding period in 2009.

These increases in Adjusted EBITDA were partially offset by decreases in Adjusted EBITDA in the Energy Services segment, the Natural Gas Storage segment and the Development & Logistics segment and the impact of the negative Adjusted EBITDA from the International Operations segment. The Energy Services segment’s Adjusted EBITDA decreased by $13.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2010 as compared to the corresponding period in 2009, primarily due to lower margins realized on products sold as a result of weakened market conditions during the year ended December 31, 2010, partially offset by increased volumes of products sold. The Natural Gas Storage segment’s Adjusted EBITDA decreased by $12.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2010 as compared to the corresponding period in 2009, as a result of lower natural gas prices, lower price volatility and low lease rates. The Development & Logistics segment’s Adjusted EBITDA decreased by $1.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2010 as compared to the corresponding period in 2009, due to $2.4 million of expenses related to the write-off in the 2010 period of a portion of an outstanding receivable balance and other costs associated with a customer bankruptcy and due to reduced construction contract services. The International Operations segment’s Adjusted EBITDA was a loss of $4.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2010, primarily due to professional fees related to the BORCO acquisition.

Overall, Adjusted EBTIDA was also impacted favorably by the continued effectiveness of cost control measures we implemented in 2009. Largely as a result of these efforts, costs decreased by approximately $11.7 million during the year ended December 31, 2010 as compared to the corresponding period in 2009. Income from equity investments decreased by $1.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2010 as compared to the corresponding period in 2009 primarily due to lower earnings from WT LPG. The revenue and expense factors affecting the variance in consolidated Adjusted EBITDA are more fully discussed below.

Revenue. Revenue was $3,151.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2010, which is an increase of $1,380.9 million, or 78.0%, from the year ended December 31, 2009. The increase in revenue for the year ended December 31, 2010 as compared to the corresponding period in 2009 was caused primarily by the following:

 

   

an increase of $1,356.6 million in revenue from the Energy Services segment, resulting from an overall increase in refined petroleum product prices and volumes of product sold during the year ended December 31, 2010 as compared to the corresponding period in 2009. The 484 million gallon increase in sales volume resulted in an increase in revenue of approximately $831.2 million, and the increase in the average sales price per gallon from $1.72 in 2009 to $2.18 in 2010, or approximately $0.46 per gallon, contributed to an increase in revenue of approximately $525.4 million;

 

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an increase of $45.8 million in revenue from the Pipelines & Terminals segment, resulting from increased revenue from pipeline assets and terminals acquired in November 2009 and in the fourth quarter of 2010, increased terminal throughput volumes, higher terminal fees and tariff rates, increased storage and rental revenue, including $5.0 million in storage fees from previously underutilized tankage identified in connection with our best practices initiative and other marketing opportunities, and favorable settlement experience, partially offset by the impact of slightly lower pipeline transportation volumes;

 

   

an increase of $3.6 million in revenue from the Development & Logistics segment, resulting primarily from the sale of ammonia linefill and from the assignment of certain service contracts from the Pipelines & Terminals segment to the Development & Logistics segment in April 2010; and

 

   

revenue of $0.9 million from the International Operations segment, as a result of the Yabucoa, Puerto Rico terminal acquisition in December 2010.

The increase in revenue was partially offset by:

 

   

a decrease of $3.9 million in revenue from the Natural Gas Storage segment, resulting primarily from lower fees from hub services transactions recognized as revenue.

Total Costs and Expenses. Total costs and expenses were $2,871.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2010, which is an increase of $1,305.2 million, or 83.3%, from the corresponding period in 2009. Total costs and expenses reflect:

 

   

an increase in refined petroleum product prices, which, coupled with an increase in volume sold, resulted in a $1,371.5 million increase in the Energy Services segment’s cost of product sales in 2010 as compared to 2009. The average cost of product sold increased from approximately $1.66 per gallon in 2009 to approximately $2.16 per gallon in 2010, or approximately $0.50 per gallon, resulting in an increase in cost of product sold of approximately $568.6 million, and sales volumes increased 484 million gallons between 2009 and 2010, contributing $803.0 million to the increase in cost of product sold;

 

   

an increase of $10.7 million in costs and expenses of the Natural Gas Storage segment, resulting from higher costs associated with hub services transactions recognized as expense caused primarily by general market conditions as discussed above;

 

   

$5.6 million of costs and expenses of the International Operations segment, primarily due to professional fees related to the BORCO acquisition and costs for the terminal in Yabucoa, Puerto Rico, which was acquired in December 2010;

 

   

an increase of $5.4 million in costs and expenses of the Development & Logistics segment, primarily resulting from $2.4 million of expenses related to the write-off in the 2010 period of a portion of an outstanding receivable balance and other costs associated with a customer bankruptcy and due to the assignment of certain service contracts from the Pipelines & Terminals segment to the Development & Logistics segment in April 2010;

 

   

an increase of $4.9 million in depreciation and amortization, which is not a component of Adjusted EBITDA as presented in the reconciliation above, primarily on assets placed in service in the second half of 2009 in connection with the Kirby Hills Phase II expansion project, on certain internal-use software placed in service in the fourth quarter of 2009 and on assets acquired in November 2009;

 

   

an increase of $4.6 million in non-cash unit-based compensation expense, which is not a component of Adjusted EBITDA as presented in the reconciliation above; and

 

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the recognition of $21.1 million of compensation expense in the 2010 period, which is not a component of Adjusted EBITDA as presented in the reconciliation above, related to the modification of an equity compensation plan (see Note 18 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements).

The increase in revenue was partially offset by:

 

   

a decrease of $65.4 million in costs and expenses of the Pipelines & Terminals segment, resulting substantially from a decrease related to the asset impairment expense and the organizational restructuring charges recognized in the 2009 period as discussed above, lower contract service activities, lower payroll and benefits costs, which were primarily attributable to the organizational restructuring that occurred in 2009 and resulted in reduced headcount, lower environmental remediation expenses and lower operating power costs due to lower pipeline transportation volumes and power contract renegotiations as part of our best practices initiative, partially offset by the recognition of compensation expense related to the modification of an equity compensation plan, higher bad debt expense, property and other taxes, professional fees and project costs, integrity program expenses and operating expenses for pipeline and terminal assets acquired in November 2009 and in the fourth quarter of 2010.

Total costs and expenses in the 2009 period include the recognition of a non-cash $59.7 million asset impairment expense in the Pipelines & Terminals segment, related to the Buckeye NGL Pipeline and $32.1 million of expenses in the Pipelines & Terminals, Natural Gas Storage, Energy Services and Development & Logistics segments associated with organizational restructuring, none of which are components of Adjusted EBITDA as presented in the reconciliation above. Total costs and expenses for the year ended December 31, 2010 reflect the effectiveness of cost management efforts we implemented in 2009.

Income attributable to noncontrolling interests. Income attributable to noncontrolling interests, which through November 19, 2010, the date of the Merger, represented Services Company’s equity and equity interests in Buckeye that were not owned by BGH, and includes portions of Sabina and WesPac Memphis that are not owned by Buckeye, was $157.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2010 as compared to $92.0 million in the corresponding period in 2009. As discussed above, the 2009 period includes amounts related to the asset impairment expense and the organizational restructuring charge.

Consolidated net income attributable to unitholders. Consolidated net income attributable to our unitholders was $43.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2010 compared to $49.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2009. Interest and debt expense increased by $14.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2010 as compared to the corresponding period in 2009, due to $2.0 million of interest expense related to a bridge facility entered into in anticipation of the BORCO transaction, interest expense related to the $275.0 million aggregate principal amount of 5.500% Notes due 2019 issued in August 2009 (the “5.500% Notes”), higher outstanding borrowings under the BES Credit Agreement and the Credit Facility and lower interest capitalized on construction projects. Other revenue and expense items impacting operating income are discussed above.

For a more detailed discussion of the above factors affecting our results, see the following discussion by segment.

Pipelines & Terminals

Adjusted EBITDA. Adjusted EBITDA from the Pipelines & Terminals segment of $346.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2010 increased by $44.2 million, or 14.7%, from $302.2 million for the corresponding period in 2009. The increase in Adjusted EBITDA was driven primarily by an increase of $38.4 million in revenues from the contribution of terminals acquired in November 2009 and in the fourth quarter of 2010, the impact of internal growth projects, increased terminal throughput volumes, favorable terminal settlement experience, higher fees and increased storage, rental and other service revenue, an $8.9 million benefit of higher tariff rates, favorable pipeline settlement experience of $4.9 million, increased revenues of $2.4 million from pipeline assets acquired in November 2009 and an increase of $3.4 million in other pipeline revenues. These increases in Adjusted EBITDA were partially offset by lower pipeline volumes transported during the year ended December 31, 2010, due in part to the sale of the Buckeye NGL Pipeline on January 1, 2010, which resulted in a $5.5 million decrease in transportation

 

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revenues compared with the corresponding period in 2009, a $5.9 million decrease in revenue from a product supply arrangement with a wholesale distributor and contract service activities at customer facilities as discussed below, a $1.1 million decrease in income from equity investments and a $1.4 million increase in operating expenses. The revenue and expense factors affecting the variance in Adjusted EBITDA are more fully discussed below.

Revenue. Revenue from the Pipelines & Terminals segment was $575.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2010, which is an increase of $45.8 million, or 8.6%, from the corresponding period in 2009. Revenues increased by $34.1 million from terminals acquired in November 2009 and in the fourth quarter of 2010, internal growth projects, increased throughput volumes, higher fees and higher storage and rental revenue, including $5.0 million in storage fees from previously underutilized tankage identified in connection with our best practices initiative and other marketing opportunities, favorable settlement experience of $9.2 million, an increase of $8.9 million due to higher tariff rates resulting from overall average tariff rate increases of approximately 3.8% implemented on July 1, 2009 and 2.6% implemented on May 1, 2010, increased revenues of $2.4 million from pipeline assets acquired in November 2009 and an increase of $3.4 million in other pipeline revenues. These increases were partially offset by a 0.4% decrease in pipeline transportation volumes, which resulted in a $5.5 million decrease in transportation revenues, due in part to the sale of the Buckeye NGL Pipeline on January 1, 2010 and a $5.9 million decrease in revenue due to the assignment of certain service contracts from the Pipelines & Terminals segment to the Development & Logistics segment in April 2010. Overall terminal volumes increased 19.6%, of which 14.4% resulted from the acquisition of terminals in November 2009 and in the fourth quarter of 2010, and the remaining 5.2% was primarily due to increased diesel, ethanol and jet fuel throughput volumes.

Total Costs and Expenses. Total costs and expenses from the Pipelines & Terminals segment were $308.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2010, which is a decrease of $65.4 million, or 17.5%, from the corresponding period in 2009. Total costs and expenses for the 2009 period include a $59.7 million non-cash asset impairment expense related to the Buckeye NGL Pipeline and $28.9 million of expense related to organizational restructuring. These charges in the year ended December 31, 2009 were the primary reason that total costs and expenses in the 2009 period were 17.5% higher than in the 2010 period. The asset impairment expense and the organizational restructuring charges are not components of Adjusted EBITDA as presented in the reconciliation above.

Excluding the non-cash asset impairment expense and the expense related to the organizational restructuring, total costs and expenses in the 2010 period were higher than in the 2009 period as a result of the recognition of $16.4 million of compensation expense related to the modification of an equity compensation plan, a $5.0 million increase in professional fees, outside services and other project expenses, a $4.7 million increase in operating expenses for terminals acquired in November 2009 and in the fourth quarter of 2010, a $3.5 million increase in depreciation and amortization as a result of pipeline assets and terminals acquired in November 2009, a $3.3 million increase in property and other taxes, as the 2009 period included the benefit of a favorable $7.2 million tax settlement with the City of New York, a $3.0 million increase in integrity program expenses and a $1.2 million increase in bad debt expense. Depreciation and amortization expense and the expense related to the modification of the equity compensation plan are not components of Adjusted EBITDA as presented in the reconciliation above.

These increases in total costs and expenses were partially offset by a $4.5 million decrease in contract service activities due to the assignment of certain operating service contracts from the Pipelines & Terminals segment to the Development & Logistics segment, a $3.2 million decrease in payroll and benefits costs, resulting primarily from our best practices initiative, a $3.1 million decrease in environmental remediation expenses, a $1.3 million decrease in product costs, resulting from reduced volumes of product sold to a wholesale distributor and a $0.6 million decrease in operating power costs due to lower pipeline transportation volumes and power contract renegotiations as part of our best practices initiative.

Operating Income. Operating income from the Pipelines & Terminals segment was $266.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2010 compared to operating income of $155.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2009. Revenue and expense items impacting operating income are discussed above.

 

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International Operations

Adjusted EBITDA. Adjusted EBITDA from the International Operations segment was a loss of $4.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2010. The revenue and expense factors affecting Adjusted EBITDA are more fully discussed below.

Revenue. Revenue from the International Operations segment was $0.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2010. Revenue includes storage and terminalling fees from the terminal in Yabucoa, Puerto Rico from December 10, 2010, the date of acquisition, through December 31, 2010.

Total Costs and Expenses. Total costs and expenses from the International Operations segment were $5.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2010, and included $4.1 million of professional fees related to the BORCO acquisition. Total costs and expenses also include $1.5 million of costs related to the terminal in Yabucoa, Puerto Rico from the date of acquisition through December 31, 2010.

Operating Loss. Operating loss from the International Operations segment was $4.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2010. Revenue and expense items impacting operating income are discussed above.

Natural Gas Storage

Adjusted EBITDA. Adjusted EBITDA from the Natural Gas Storage segment of $29.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2010 decreased by $12.1 million, or 29.0%, from $41.9 million for the corresponding period in 2009. The decrease in Adjusted EBITDA was primarily the result of a decrease of $14.5 million in the net contribution from hub service activities and a decrease of $0.4 million in lease revenues, partially offset by a decrease of $2.8 million in operating expenses during the year ended December 31, 2010. The revenue and expense factors affecting the variance in Adjusted EBITDA are more fully discussed below.

Revenue. Revenue from the Natural Gas Storage segment was $95.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2010, which is a decrease of $3.9 million, or 3.9%, from the corresponding period in 2009. This overall decrease is attributable to lower fees recognized as revenue and lower underlying volume for hub services provided during the year ended December 31, 2010. During the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009, there were 434 and 337 outstanding hub service contracts, respectively, for which revenue was being recognized ratably. Market conditions resulted in a decrease of $3.5 million in fees for hub service agreements recognized as revenue during the year ended December 31, 2010 as compared to the corresponding period in 2009. Lease revenue decreased $0.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2010, as a decrease in the fee charged for each volumetric unit of storage capacity leased was partially offset by increased storage capacity from the commissioning of the Kirby Hills Phase II expansion project, which was placed in service in June 2009.

Total Costs and Expenses. Total costs and expenses from the Natural Gas Storage segment were $79.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2010, which is an increase of $10.7 million, or 15.6%, from the corresponding period in 2009. Costs of natural gas storage services, which includes hub services fees paid to customers for hub service activities, increased $11.1 million, which is the primary driver of the increase in expenses. Total costs and expenses also include the recognition of $1.9 million of compensation expense related to the modification of an equity compensation plan, a $0.7 million increase in fuel costs, a $0.6 million increase in depreciation and amortization primarily due to assets placed in service in the second half of 2009 in connection with the Kirby Hills Phase II expansion project, a $0.3 million increase in payroll related costs and a $0.3 million increase in property and other tax expense, partially offset by a $3.7 million decrease in outside service costs and other expenses and a $0.5 million decrease related to organizational restructuring charges recognized in the 2009 period. The organizational restructuring charge, depreciation and amortization and the expense related to the modification of the equity compensation plan are not components of Adjusted EBITDA as presented in the reconciliation above.

Operating Income. Operating income from the Natural Gas Storage segment was $16.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2010 compared to operating income of $30.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2009. Revenue and expense items impacting operating income are discussed above.

 

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Energy Services

Adjusted EBITDA. Adjusted EBITDA from the Energy Services segment of $5.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2010 decreased by $13.4 million, or 69.7%, from $19.3 million for the corresponding period in 2009. The decrease in Adjusted EBITDA was driven by lower rack margins and fewer opportunities to optimize our storage capacity as opportunistic prices for holding product in inventory were not as prevalent in 2010, as compared to 2009. At the rack, sales volumes were 73.9% higher than 2009; however, competitive pricing and an abundance of supply suppressed rack margins throughout the first half of the year. Rack margins began to rebound in the second half of the year as we entered the heating season, and inventory levels were being pulled down followed by a rise in crude oil prices; however, the increased margins in the second half of 2010 were not enough to overcome the lower margins recognized in the first half of 2010. The revenue and expense factors affecting the variance in Adjusted EBITDA are more fully discussed below.

Revenue. Revenue from the Energy Services segment was $2,481.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2010, which is an increase of $1,356.6 million, or 120.6%, from the corresponding period in 2009. The increase in revenue was primarily due to an increase in refined petroleum product average sales prices of approximately $0.46 per gallon (average sales price per gallon was $2.18 and $1.72 for 2010 and 2009, respectively) resulting in an increase of $525.4 million in the 2010 period, and an increase of 73.9% in sales volumes that contributed an additional $831.2 million in revenue.

Total Costs and Expenses. Total costs and expenses from the Energy Services segment were $2,482.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2010, which is an increase of $1,371.0 million, or 123.3%, from the corresponding period in 2009. The increase in total costs and expenses was primarily due to a $1,371.5 million increase in cost of product sales as a result of increased volumes sold and an increase in refined petroleum product prices (average cost of product sold per gallon was $2.16 and $1.66 for 2010 and 2009, respectively). The increase in the cost of product sold between 2009 and 2010 was due to the 73.9% increase in volume, and the $0.50 per gallon increase in product sales price was $803.0 million and $568.6 million, respectively. Total costs and expenses also increased for 2010 as compared to 2009 due to the recognition of $1.1 million of compensation expense related to the modification of an equity compensation plan, a $1.3 million increase in payroll related costs, a $1.1 million increase in bad debt expense, a $0.7 million increase in depreciation and amortization related primarily to certain internal-use software placed in service in the fourth quarter of 2009 and a $0.5 million increase in property and other tax expense, partially offset by a $3.8 million decrease in professional fees, repairs and maintenance and other expenses and a $1.2 million decrease related to an organizational restructuring recognized in the 2009 period. The organizational restructuring charge, depreciation and amortization, and the expense related to the modification of the equity compensation plan are not components of Adjusted EBITDA as presented in the reconciliation above.

Operating Income (Loss). Operating loss from the Energy Services segment was $1.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2010 compared to operating income of $13.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2009. Revenue and expense items impacting operating income (loss) are discussed above.

Development & Logistics

Adjusted EBITDA. Adjusted EBITDA from the Development & Logistics segment of $5.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2010 decreased by $1.5 million, or 22.7%, from $6.7 million for the corresponding period in 2009, primarily due to reduced construction contract margins of $3.4 million, which includes the recognition of $2.4 million of expenses related to the write-off in the 2010 period of a portion of an outstanding receivable balance and other costs associated with a customer bankruptcy, partially offset by a net increase of $1.2 million related to the sale of ammonia linefill and increased operating contract margins of $0.6 million. The revenue and expense factors affecting the variance in Adjusted EBITDA are more fully discussed below.

Revenue. Revenue from the Development & Logistics segment was $37.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2010, which is an increase of $3.6 million, or 10.4%, from the corresponding period in 2009. The increase in revenue was primarily due to the recognition of $1.2 million of revenue related to the sale of ammonia linefill, a $5.4 million increase in operating service revenues and other revenues from the 2009 period, primarily due to the assignment of certain service contracts from the Pipelines & Terminals segment to the Development & Logistics segment, a $1.1 million increase in operating service revenues as a result of higher fees and increased

 

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reimbursable costs and a $0.4 million increase in rental and transportation revenues. These increases in revenue were partially offset by reduced construction contract activity following completion of certain construction projects in 2009, resulting in a $4.5 million reduction in construction contract revenues.

Total Costs and Expenses. Total costs and expenses from the Development & Logistics segment were $34.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2010, which is an increase of $5.4 million, or 18.6%, from the corresponding period in 2009. Total costs and expenses increased as a result of the recognition of $2.4 million of expenses related to the write-off in the 2010 period of a portion of an outstanding receivable balance and other costs associated with a customer bankruptcy, the recognition of $1.9 million of compensation expense related to the modification of an equity compensation plan and increased operating services activities discussed above, partially offset by $1.5 million of expense related to an organizational restructuring recognized in the 2009 period, reduced contract construction activity discussed above and an increase in income tax benefit of $0.6 million, primarily related to the write-off of a portion of an outstanding receivable balance and other costs associated with a customer bankruptcy. The organizational restructuring charge, the expense related to the modification of the equity compensation plan and the income tax benefit are not components of Adjusted EBITDA as presented in the reconciliation above.

Operating Income. Operating income from the Development & Logistics segment was $3.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2010 compared to operating income of $5.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2009. Revenue and expense items impacting operating income are discussed above.

General Outlook for 2012

In 2011, transportation volumes were impacted by weak consumer demand for gasoline, with rising gasoline prices and high unemployment representing key factors in that weakness, partially offset by higher year-over-year volumes for diesel and jet fuel. We expect that macro-economic demand for refined petroleum products in 2012 will be relatively flat compared to 2011, absent a significant upturn in the economy. As a result, we expect throughput volumes on our legacy pipeline systems will remain relatively flat as well and anticipate a modest increase in throughput volumes at our terminals. For both our pipeline and terminal assets, we expect marginal positive impact on volumes from recent growth capital projects on these legacy assets coming on-line. In addition, we expect to realize the benefit of increased tariffs on both our indexed and market-based pipeline systems, including the full year impact of 2011 tariff increases and further tariff increases in 2012. Ultimately, our ability to increase transportation and storage revenues is largely dependent on the strength of the overall economy in the markets we serve.

Our Pipelines & Terminals segment is expected to benefit in 2012 from a full year of contribution from our 2011 acquisitions, including the assets acquired from BP and ExxonMobil in June 2011 and July 2011, respectively. In addition, we expect to benefit from the contribution from the Perth Amboy Facility acquisition, which we expect to close late in the second quarter of 2012.

Our International Operations segment results in 2011 were adversely impacted by lower than expected berthing revenue due to reductions in availability of fuel oil blending components due primarily to operational issues at a refinery in the U.S. Virgin Islands (“Caribbean refinery”) and lower vessel traffic as inventory optimization opportunities were limited given market conditions. These market conditions also created some weakness in demand for product storage in 2011. Looking forward to 2012 and beyond, we are seeing increased customer interest for both crude and refined product storage. Near term crude demand has increased following the announcement of the shutdown of the Caribbean refinery and longer term demand is being driven by the ramp up of crude production in South America. We believe the closure of the Caribbean refinery and the continued rationalization of Northeast refineries position BORCO to capitalize on increased demand for refined product storage as customers re-work their logistics chains to respond to changing supply patterns. We may experience some softness in demand for berthing and other ancillary services if the forward product pricing does not create inventory optimization opportunities for our customers, although we do not expect the lack of availability of blending components to impact 2012 as our customer has secured an alternate source of supply. BORCO is also expected to benefit in 2012 as the first phase of our expansion project begins to come on-line in the second half of the year.

 

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Our Natural Gas Storage segment was adversely impacted in 2011 by continued weakness in the market as both firm lease rates and seasonal spreads fell to severely depressed levels. We expect market conditions to remain challenging in 2012.

Our Energy Services segment performed in line with expectations for the first three quarters of 2011, but the fourth quarter results were negatively impacted by event driven basis moves in the Northeast and basis weakness in the Midwest. In addition, the lack of contango in the market and a warmer than normal winter, particularly in the Northeast, further depressed fourth quarter results. Looking forward to 2012, we expect Energy Services performance to improve over 2011 results as the segment adjusts its strategy to reduce basis pricing risk prospectively by, among other initiatives, reducing the amount of inventory carried and refocusing its marketing effort on fewer, more strategic locations. While this strategy will not eliminate basis risk, it will reduce our potential exposure. We believe the Energy Services segment will continue to be a key driver in utilization of pipeline and terminal assets.

For our Development & Logistics segment, operations have expanded due to various business endeavors, including operating our new South Portland, Maine terminal and our newly acquired LPG storage caverns. We anticipate our Development & Logistics segment to continue to achieve modest growth as they identify new business opportunities.

During 2011, we successfully accessed both the debt and equity markets in order to provide funding for our recent acquisitions and growth capital expenditures. In the first quarter of 2012, we accessed the equity market in order to secure funding in advance of the closing of the Perth Amboy Facility acquisition as well as to fund certain anticipated growth capital projects during 2012. Although we believe we will not require additional equity funding in 2012 absent unforeseen circumstances, we believe that, under current market conditions, we could raise additional capital in both the debt and equity markets on acceptable terms.

Throughout 2012, we will continue to evaluate opportunities to acquire or construct assets that are complementary to our businesses and support our long-term growth strategy and will determine the appropriate financing structure for any opportunity we pursue.

The forward-looking statements contained in this “General Outlook for 2012” speak only as of the date hereof. Although the expectations in the forward-looking statements are based on our current beliefs and expectations, caution should be taken not to place undue reliance on any such forward-looking statements because such statements speak only as of the date hereof. Except as required by federal and state securities laws, we undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or any other reason. All such forward-looking statements are expressly qualified in their entirety by the cautionary statements contained or referred to in this Report, including under the captions “Risk Factors” and “Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” and elsewhere in this Report and in our future periodic reports filed with the SEC. In light of these risks, uncertainties and assumptions, the forward-looking events discussed in this “General Outlook for 2012” may not occur.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

General

The following section describes our liquidity and capital requirements, including sources and uses of liquidity and capital resources. Our primary cash requirements, in addition to normal operating expenses and debt service, are for working capital, capital expenditures, business acquisitions and distributions to partners. Our principal sources of liquidity are cash from operations, borrowings under our Credit Facility and proceeds from the issuance of our units. We will, from time to time, issue debt securities to permanently finance amounts borrowed under our Credit Facility. Buckeye Energy Services LLC (“BES”) funds its working capital needs principally from its operations and its portion of the Credit Facility. Our financial policy has been to fund sustaining capital expenditures with cash from operations. Expansion and cost improvement capital expenditures, along with acquisitions, have typically been funded from external sources including our BPL Credit Facility as well as debt and equity offerings. Our goal has been to fund at least half of these expenditures with proceeds from equity offerings in order to maintain our investment-grade credit rating.

 

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During February 2012, we issued 4,262,575 LP Units to institutional investors in a registered direct offering for aggregate consideration of approximately $250.0 million.

During 2011, we issued equity and debt, which financed acquisitions and expansion projects. During January and February 2011, we completed the purchase of First Reserve’s and Vopak’s interests in FRBCH for approximately $1.4 billion in cash and equity and repaid BORCO’s outstanding indebtedness and settled their interest rate derivative instruments, collectively representing approximately $318.2 million. To fund a portion of the acquisition, we issued $650.0 million of our 4.875% Notes due 2021 and issued 5,794,725 LP Units and 1,314,870 Class B Units to institutional investors for aggregate consideration of approximately $425.0 million. Also, we issued 2,483,444 LP Units and 4,382,889 Class B Units to First Reserve as $400.0 million of consideration and 620,861 LP Units and 1,095,722 Class B Units to Vopak as $100.0 million of consideration. In April 2011, we issued 5,520,000 LP Units in an underwritten public offering with net proceeds of $316.6 million. In May 2011, we sold our 20% interest in WT LPG for $85.0 million. Then, in June 2011, we acquired pipeline and terminal assets from BP for $166.0 million, and in July 2011, we acquired a terminal in Bangor, Maine, a terminal in Portland, Maine through a 50/50 joint venture with Irving and a 124-mile pipeline that connects the two terminals from ExxonMobil for $23.5 million. In September 2011, Buckeye and BES entered into a Credit Facility with SunTrust Bank and other lenders to provide for a $1.25 billion senior unsecured revolving credit agreement.

As a result of our financing activities in 2012 and 2011 and in light of the fact that none of our long-term debt obligations mature prior to 2013, we believe that borrowing capacity under our Credit Facility, ongoing cash flows from operations and the registered direct offering in February 2012 will be sufficient to fund our operations for the remainder of 2012, including our expansion plans. We will continue to evaluate a variety of financing sources, including the debt and equity markets described above throughout 2012.

Current Liquidity

As of December 31, 2011, we had the following liquidity available to meet our working capital needs, capital expenditures, business acquisitions and distributions to partners as of the period indicated (in thousands):

 

     December 31,
2011
 

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 12,986  

Availability under the Credit Facility

     492,943  
  

 

 

 

Total available liquidity

   $ 505,929  
  

 

 

 

At December 31, 2011, we had total fixed-rate debt obligations at face value of $2,075.0 million, consisting of $300.0 million of the 4.625% Notes, $275.0 million of the 5.300% Notes, $125.0 million of the 5.125% Notes, $300.0 million of the 6.050% Notes, $275.0 million of the 5.500% Notes, $650.0 million of the 4.875% Notes and $150.0 million of the 6.750% Notes and our variable-rate obligations were $575.2 million under the Credit Facility. See Note 12 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for more information about the terms of our debt.

The fair values of our aggregate debt and credit facilities were estimated to be $2,811.7 million and $1,897.5 million at December 31, 2011 and 2010, respectively.

Notes Offering

On January 13, 2011, we sold the 4.875% Notes in an underwritten public offering. The notes were issued at 99.62% of their principal amount. Total proceeds from this offering, after underwriters’ fees, expenses and debt issuance costs of $4.9 million, were approximately $642.6 million, and were used to fund a portion of the purchase price for our acquisition of BORCO. See Note 3 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for further discussion of the BORCO acquisition.

 

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On January 18, 2011, in connection with the BORCO acquisition, we repaid BORCO’s outstanding indebtedness and settled BORCO’s interest rate derivative instruments, collectively representing approximately $318.2 million.

Credit Facility

On September 26, 2011, Buckeye and BES entered into a Revolving Credit Agreement (the “Credit Facility”) with SunTrust Bank, as administrative agent and other lenders to provide for a $1.25 billion senior unsecured revolving credit agreement of which we have a borrowing capacity of $1.25 billion and BES has a sublimit of $500.0 million. The Credit Facility’s maturity date is September 26, 2016, with an option to extend the term for two successive one-year periods and a $500.0 million accordion option to increase the commitments. Concurrently with the execution of the Credit Facility, Buckeye and BES borrowed and used the proceeds to repay all amounts outstanding under Buckeye’s senior unsecured revolving credit agreement dated November 13, 2006 (“Prior BPL Credit Facility”) and BES’s amended and restated senior revolving credit agreement dates as of June 25, 2010 (“BES Credit Facility”), respectively, and customary fees and expenses related to the Credit Facility.

Equity

On January 18 and 19, 2011, we issued 5,794,725 LP Units and 1,314,870 Class B Units to institutional investors for aggregate consideration of approximately $425.0 million to fund a portion of the BORCO acquisition. On January 18, 2011, we issued 2,483,444 LP Units and 4,382,889 Class B Units to First Reserve as $400.0 million of consideration to fund a portion of the acquisition of First Reserve’s 80% interest in BORCO. On February 16, 2011, we issued 620,861 LP Units and 1,095,722 Class B Units to Vopak as $100.0 million of consideration to fund a portion of the acquisition of Vopak’s 20% interest in BORCO.

On April 15, 2011, we issued 5,520,000 LP Units, which included 720,000 LP Units issued as part of the overallotment option, in an underwritten public offering at a public offering price of $59.41 per LP Unit. Total proceeds from the offering, including the overallotment option and after the underwriters’ discount of $1.99 per LP Unit and offering expenses, were approximately $316.6 million, and were used to reduce amounts outstanding under our Prior BPL Credit Facility.

On February 13, 2012, we issued 4,262,575 LP units to institutional investors in a registered direct offering for aggregate consideration of approximately $250.0 million at a price of $58.65 per LP Unit, before deducting placement agents fees and estimated offering expenses. We plan to use the net proceeds from this offering to fund indirectly a portion of the Perth Amboy Facility and certain other growth capital expenditures, and, pending such uses, to reduce the indebtedness outstanding under our Credit Facility.

Capital Structuring Transactions

As part of our ongoing efforts to maintain a capital structure that is closely aligned with the cash-generating potential of our asset-based business, we may explore additional sources of external liquidity, including public or private debt or equity issuances. Matters to be considered will include cash interest expense and maturity profile, all to be balanced with maintaining adequate liquidity. We have a universal shelf registration statement that does not place any dollar limits on the amount of debt and equity securities that we may issue thereunder and a traditional shelf registration statement that currently has a $750.0 million limit on the amount of equity securities that we may issue thereunder on file with the SEC. The timing of any transaction may be impacted by events, such as strategic growth opportunities, legal judgments or regulatory or environmental requirements. The receptiveness of the capital markets to an offering of debt or equity securities cannot be assured and may be negatively impacted by, among other things, our long-term business prospects and other factors beyond our control, including market conditions.

 

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Cash Flows from Operating, Investing and Financing Activities

The following table summarizes our cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities for the periods indicated (in thousands):

 

     Year Ended December 31,  
     2011     2010     2009  

Cash provided by (used in):

      

Operating activities

   $ 403,892     $ 292,479     $ 47,662  

Investing activities

     (1,310,279     (114,188     (144,203

Financing activities

     905,747       (202,239     72,834  

Operating Activities

2011 Compared to 2010. Net cash flows provided by operating activities was $403.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2011 compared to $292.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2010. The increase in cash provided by operating activities primarily relates to cash generated from our recent acquisitions of the BORCO facility, Yabucoa terminal and several pipelines and terminals acquisitions, including the assets acquired from BP, and a $102.5 million cash inflow related to a decrease in inventory, partially offset by a $19.2 million increase in interest and debt expense during 2011.

2010 Compared to 2009. Net cash flows provided by operating activities was $292.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2010 compared to $47.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2009. The increase in cash provided by operating activities primarily relates to a $10.0 million cash inflow related to a decrease in inventory during 2010 as compared to 2009 cash outflow related to an increase in inventory as a result of energy market conditions and cash generated from terminals acquired in November 2009, partially offset by a $16.7 million increase in interest and debt expense during 2010.

Future Operating Cash Flows. Our future operating cash flows will vary based on a number of factors, many of which are beyond our control, including the cost of commodities, the effectiveness of our strategy, legal environmental and regulatory requirements and our ability to capture value associated with commodity price volatility.

Investing Activities

2011 Compared to 2010. Net cash flows used in investing activities was $1,310.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2011 compared to $114.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2010. The increase in cash used in investing activities primarily relates to our recent acquisitions of the pipeline and terminal assets from BP and a pipeline, terminal and equity investment from ExxonMobil for approximately $166.0 million and $23.5 million, respectively. Additionally, we acquired BORCO by purchasing interests from First Reserve and Vopak on January 18, 2011 and February 16, 2011, respectively, for approximately $1.4 billion of total consideration, consisting of $893.7 million in cash, which is net of cash acquired of $27.0 million. The remaining consideration of $503.5 million consisted of the issuance of LP Units and Class B Units. See Note 26 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements. Additionally, we had a $227.6 million increase in capital expenditures for the year ended December 31, 2011 compared with the year ended December 31, 2010. See below for a discussion of capital spending. The increase in investing activities was partially offset by cash proceeds received from the sale of our 20% interest in WT LTP of $85.0 million during the year ended December 31, 2011 as compared to cash proceeds from the sale of the Buckeye NGL Pipeline of $22.0 million during the year ended December 31, 2010.

For further discussion on our acquisitions, see Note 3 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

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2010 Compared to 2009. Net cash flow used in investing activities was $114.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2010 compared to $144.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2009. The decrease in cash used in investing activities primarily relates to the cash proceeds from the sale of the Buckeye NGL Pipeline of $22.0 million during the year ended December 31, 2010.

Capital expenditures, net of non-cash changes in accruals for capital expenditures, were as follows for the periods indicated (in thousands):

 

     Year Ended December 31,  
     2011      2010      2009  

Sustaining capital expenditures

   $ 57,467      $ 31,244      $ 23,496  

Expansion and cost reduction

     247,857        46,455        63,813  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total capital expenditures, net

   $ 305,324      $ 77,699      $ 87,309  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

In 2011, expansion and cost reduction projects included initiation of a significant storage tank expansion project as well as upgrades and expansion of a jetty structure and inland dock at BORCO, terminal ethanol and butane blending, new pipeline connections, new natural gas storage wells, continued progress on a new pipeline and terminal billing system as well as various other operating infrastructure projects. In 2010 and 2009, expansion and cost reduction projects included terminal ethanol and butane blending, new pipeline connections, natural gas storage well recompletions, continued progress on a new pipeline and terminal billing system as well as various other operating infrastructure projects, Kirby Hills Phase II expansion project, ethanol and butane blending projects at certain of our terminals, the construction of three additional tanks with capacity of 0.4 million barrels in Linden, New Jersey and various other pipeline and terminal operating infrastructure projects. Construction costs of the Kirby Hills Phase II expansion project in 2009 totaled approximately $17.0 million.

We expect to spend approximately $250.0 million to $330.0 million for capital expenditures in 2012, of which approximately $50.0 million to $70.0 million is expected to relate to sustaining capital expenditures and $200.0 million to $260.0 million is expected to relate to expansion and cost reduction projects. Approximately $130.0 million to $180.0 million of these amounts are related to capital expenditures in 2012 for the BORCO facility, of which $120.0 million to $160.0 million is expected to relate to expansion projects and $10.0 million to $20.0 million is expected to relate to sustaining capital expenditures. Approximately $120.0 million to $150.0 million of these amounts are related to capital expenditures in 2012 for our other assets, excluding the BORCO facility, of which $80.0 million to $100.0 million is expected to relate to expansion projects and $40.0 million to $50.0 million is expected to relate to sustaining capital expenditures. Sustaining capital expenditures include renewals and replacement of pipeline sections, tank floors and tank roofs and upgrades to station and terminalling equipment, field instrumentation and cathodic protection systems. Major expansion and cost reduction expenditures in 2012 will include storage tank expansion projects at the BORCO facility, completion of additional storage tanks and rail loading facilities in the Midwest, the refurbishment of storage tanks and facilities in the Northeast, continued installation of vapor recovery units throughout our system of terminals, additive system installation throughout our terminal infrastructure and various upgrades and expansions of our ethanol business. Cost reduction expenditures improve operational efficiencies or reduce costs.

Financing Activities

2011 Compared to 2010. Net cash flows provided by financing activities was $905.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2011 compared to net cash flow used in financing activities of $202.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2010. The increase in cash provided by financing activities primarily related to borrowings under the BPL Credit Facility, net proceeds from issuance of units and issuance of long-term debt. We borrowed of $1,221.7 million and $298.4 million under the BPL Credit Facility during the years ended December 31, 2011 and 2010, respectively. In January 2011, we received total proceeds of $425.0 million from the issuance of 5,794,725 LP Units and 1,314,870 Class B Units to institutional investors, before deducting equity issuance of approximately $4.6 million to fund a portion of the BORCO acquisition. We received $316.6 million in net proceeds from an underwritten equity offering in April 2011 for the public issuance of 5,520,000 LP Units. Also, we received $647.5 million from the issuance in January 2011 of $650.0 million in aggregate principal amount of the 4.875% Notes in an underwritten public offering.

These increases in cash provided by financing activities were offset by repayment under the BPL Credit Facility, repayment of debt assumed and cash distributions. We repaid $995.7 million and $278.4 million under the BPL Credit Facility during the years ended December 31, 2011 and 2010, respectively. Also, we repaid $318.2 million of debt assumed in the BORCO acquisition, which includes settlement of BORCO’s interest rate derivative instruments. See Note 3 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements. Cash distributions paid to our partners were $335.7 million ($4.025 per LP Unit) for the year ended December 31, 2011. Cash distributions paid to partners of BGH were $49.8 million ($1.76 per unit) during the year ended 2010. In connection with the Merger, BGH’s units were converted into Buckeye LP Units. Additionally, distributions to noncontrolling partners of Buckeye, consisting primarily of distributions paid by the Sabina Pipeline and WesPac Memphis, were $8.9 million during the year ended December 31, 2011. Distributions to noncontrolling partners of Buckeye, consisting primarily of distributions to holders of LP Units, were $195.6 million during the year ended 2010. Buckeye paid cash distributions of $3.825 per LP Unit in the 2010 period. In connection with the Merger, the majority of noncontrolling interests were eliminated.

 

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2010 Compared to 2009. Net cash flow used in financing activities was $202.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2010 compared to net cash flow provided by financing activities of $72.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2009. The increase in cash used in financing activities primarily relates to net proceeds received of $104.6 million from an underwritten equity offering in March and April of 2009 for the public issuance of 3.0 million LP Units. Also, we received $271.4 million (net of debt issuance costs of $1.8 million) from the issuance in August 2009 of $275.0 million in aggregate principal amount of the 5.500% Notes in an underwritten public offering. Proceeds from this offering were used to reduce amounts outstanding under the Credit Facility. Additionally, increase in cash was due to net borrowings under the BES Credit Agreement of $44.5 million and $143.8 million during the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively. We borrowed $298.4 million and $317.1 million and repaid $278.4 million and $537.4 million under the Credit Facility during the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively. Repayments under the Services Company 3.60% ESOP Notes were $6.2 million and $6.3 million during the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively. There were no borrowings or repayments under the BGH unsecured revolving credit facility (“BGH Credit Agreement”) in 2010 and 2009.

Derivatives

See “Item 7A, Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk – Market Risk – Non Trading Instruments” for a discussion of commodity derivatives used by our Energy Services segment.

Critical Accounting Policies

The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to select appropriate accounting principles from those available, to apply those principles consistently and to make reasonable estimates and assumptions that affect revenues and associated costs as well as reported amounts of assets and liabilities. The following describes the estimated risks underlying our critical accounting policies and estimates:

Business Combinations

We allocate the total purchase price of a business combination to the assets acquired and the liabilities assumed based on their estimated fair values at the acquisition date, with the excess purchase price recorded as goodwill. For all material acquisitions, we engage an independent valuation specialist to assist us in determining the fair value of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed, including goodwill, based on recognized business valuation methodology. If the initial accounting for the business combination is incomplete by the end of the reporting period in which the acquisition occurs, an estimate will be recorded. Subsequent to the acquisition but not to exceed one year from the acquisition date, we will record any material adjustments retrospectively to the initial estimate based on new information obtained about facts and circumstances that existed as of the acquisition date. Also, we expense any acquisition-related costs as incurred in connection with each business combination. An income, market or cost valuation method may be utilized to estimate the fair value of the assets acquired or liabilities assumed in a business combination. The income valuation method represents the present value of future cash flows over the life of the asset using (i) discrete financial forecasts, which rely on management’s estimates of revenue, operating expenses and volumes, (ii) long-term growth rates and (iii) appropriate discount rates. The market valuation method uses prices paid for a reasonably similar asset by other purchasers in the market, with adjustments relating to any differences between the assets. The cost valuation method is based on the replacement cost of a comparable asset at prices at the time of the acquisition reduced for depreciation of the asset.

 

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Measuring the Fair Value of Goodwill

Goodwill represents the excess of purchase price over fair value of net assets acquired. Our goodwill amounts are assessed for impairment (i) on an annual basis on January 1 of each year or (ii) on an interim basis if circumstances indicate it is more likely than not the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its fair value. Goodwill is tested for impairment at a level of reporting referred to as a reporting unit. A reporting unit is a business segment or one level below a business segment for which discrete financial information is available and regularly reviewed by segment management. Our reporting units are our business segments.

We may perform a qualitative assessment to determine whether the fair value of our reporting units are more likely than not less than the carrying amount. If we believe the fair value is less than the carrying amount, we will perform step one of the two-step goodwill impairment test. See “Recent Accounting Developments” in Note 2 in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements for discussion of the amended guidance. The first step of the goodwill impairment test determines whether an impairment exists by comparing the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying amount, including goodwill. If the estimated fair value of the reporting unit exceeds its carrying amount, no impairment is necessary. If the carrying amount of a reporting unit exceeds its estimated fair value, the second step measures the amount of impairment by comparing the implied fair value of the reporting unit goodwill with the carrying amount of that goodwill. We would assign the fair value of a reporting unit to all of the assets and liabilities of that unit as if the reporting unit had been acquired in a business combination. The excess of the fair value of a reporting unit over the amounts assigned to its assets and liabilities is the implied fair value of goodwill. The estimate of the fair value of the reporting unit is determined using a combination of an expected present value of future cash flows and a market multiple valuation method. The present value of future cash flows is estimated using (i) discrete financial forecasts, which rely on management’s estimates of revenue, operating expenses and volumes, (ii) long-term growth rates and (iii) appropriate discount rates. The market multiple valuation method uses appropriate market multiples from comparable companies on the reporting unit’s earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortization. We evaluate industry and market conditions for purposes of weighting the income and market valuation approach.

In the third quarter of 2011, we recorded a non-cash goodwill impairment charge of $169.6 million in the Natural Gas Storage segment. For the reporting units with goodwill as of January 1, 2012, each reporting unit’s fair value was in excess of its carrying value. We did not record any goodwill impairment charges during the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009. See Note 9 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information regarding our goodwill.

 

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Measuring Recoverability of Long-Lived Assets and Equity Method Investments

We assess the recoverability of our long-lived assets whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. We determine the estimated undiscounted future cash flows expected to result from the use of the asset and its eventual disposal. If the sum of the estimated undiscounted future cash flows exceeds the carrying amount, no impairment is necessary. If the carrying amount exceeds the sum of the undiscounted cash flows, an impairment charge is recognized based on the amount by which the carrying amount of the assets exceeds the estimated fair value of the assets. Assets to be disposed of are reported at the lower of the carrying amount or estimated fair value less costs to sell. Estimates of future undiscounted net cash flows include discrete financial forecasts, which rely on management’s estimates of revenue, operating costs and other estimates. Such estimates of future undiscounted net cash flows are highly subjective and are based on numerous assumptions about future operations and market conditions.

In the third quarter of 2011, we considered the goodwill impairment in the Natural Gas Storage segment an indicator of impairment related to the long-lived assets associated with the Natural Gas Storage reporting unit. Accordingly, we evaluated these assets for impairment and concluded that no impairment of the long-lived asset existed. During the year ended December 31, 2009, we recorded an impairment of $59.7 million related to an impairment of Buckeye NGL. See Note 7 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for further discussion.

An equity method investment is evaluated for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that there is a possible other than temporary loss in value of the investment. Examples of such events include sustained operating losses of the investee or long-term negative changes in the investee’s industry. The carrying value of an equity method investment is not recoverable if it exceeds the sum of discounted estimated cash flows expected to be derived from the investment. This estimate of discounted cash flows is based on a number of assumptions including discount rates; probabilities assigned to different cash flow scenarios; anticipated margins and volumes and estimated useful life of the investment. A significant change in these underlying assumptions could result in recording an impairment charge.

Reserves for Environmental Matters

We are subject to federal, state and local laws and regulations relating to the protection of the environment. Environmental expenditures that relate to current operations are expensed or capitalized as appropriate. Expenditures that relate to existing conditions caused by past operations, and which do not contribute to current or future revenue generation, are expensed. Liabilities are recorded when environmental assessments and/or clean-ups are probable, and the costs can be reasonably estimated based upon past experience and advice of outside engineering, consulting and law firms. Generally, the timing of these accruals coincides with our commitment to a formal plan of action. Accrued environmental remediation related expenses include estimates of direct costs of remediation and indirect costs related to the remediation effort, such as compensation and benefits for employees directly involved in the remediation activities and fees paid to outside engineering, consulting and law firms. Historically, our estimates of direct and indirect costs related to remediation efforts have generally not required material adjustments. However, the accounting estimates related to environmental matters are uncertain because (i) estimated future expenditures related to environmental matters are subject to cost fluctuations and can change materially, (ii) unanticipated liabilities may arise in connection with environmental remediation projects and may impact cost estimates, and (iii) changes in federal, state and local environmental laws and regulations can significantly increase the cost or potential liabilities related to environmental matters. None of our estimated environmental remediation liabilities are discounted to present value since the ultimate amount and timing of cash payments for such liabilities are not readily determinable. We maintain insurance that may cover certain environmental expenditures.

During the years ended December 31, 2011, 2010 and 2009, we incurred environmental expenses, net of insurance recoveries, of $14.0 million, $8.5 million and $10.6 million, respectively. At December 31, 2011 and 2010, we had accrued $58.4 million and $30.8 million, respectively, for environmental matters. The environmental accruals are revised as new matters arise, or as new facts in connection with environmental remediation projects require a revision of estimates previously made with respect to the probable cost of such remediation projects. Changes in estimates of environmental remediation for each remediation project will affect operating income on a dollar-for-dollar basis up to our self-insurance limit. Our self-insurance limit is currently $3.0 million per occurrence.

 

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Fair Value of Derivatives

Our Energy Services segment primarily uses exchange-traded refined petroleum product futures contracts to manage the risk of market price volatility on its refined petroleum product inventories and its physical derivative contracts. See Note 15 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for further discussion. The Energy Services segment has elected fair value hedge accounting for most of its inventory of refined petroleum products; however the segment has not used hedge accounting with respect to its physical derivative contracts, or for the corresponding futures contracts that economically hedge those positions. In addition, hedge accounting has not been elected for financial instruments that have been executed to economically hedge a portion of the Energy Services segment’s refined petroleum products held in inventory. The physical derivative contracts and futures contracts not accounted for as hedges are all marked-to-market on our consolidated balance sheet with gains and losses being recognized in earnings during the period. At December 31, 2011, we had approximately $4.3 million of net assets for physical derivative contracts in our consolidated financial statements. At December 31, 2011, the net fair value of the non-designated futures contracts is approximately $0.4 million and has been recognized as assets on our consolidated balance sheet. The futures contracts that have been designated as fair value hedges of refined petroleum inventory are marked-to-market on our consolidated balance sheet with gains and losses being recognized in earnings during the period. The underlying inventory hedged by these futures contracts is also adjusted to market on our consolidated balance sheet with gains and losses recognized in earnings during the period. The net fair value of the futures designated as fair value hedges is approximately $0.2 million at December 31, 2011 and has been recognized as assets on our consolidated balance sheet. We have determined that the exchange-traded futures contracts represent Level 1 fair value measurements because the prices for such futures contracts are established on liquid exchanges with willing buyers and sellers and with prices which are readily available on a daily basis.

We have determined that the physical fixed-price and index derivative contracts represent Level 2 fair value measurements because their value is derived from similar contracts with similar delivery and settlement terms which are traded on established exchanges. We enter into physical fixed-price and index derivative contracts for the procurement of future inventory. In addition, we enter into physical fixed-price sales contracts for customers electing to fix the price of their refined petroleum product needs. The fixed-price and index purchase contracts are typically executed with credit worthy counterparties and are short-term in nature, thus evaluated for credit risk in the same manner as the fixed-price sales contracts. However, because the fixed-price sales contracts are privately negotiated with customers of the Energy Services segment who are generally smaller, private companies that may not have established credit ratings, the determination of an adjustment to fair value to reflect counterparty credit risk (a “credit valuation adjustment”) requires significant management judgment. At December 31, 2011, we had reduced the fair value of the fixed-price contracts by a $0.1 million credit valuation adjustment to reflect this counterparty credit risk. The delivery periods for the contracts range from one to twelve months, with the substantial majority of deliveries concentrated in the first four months of 2012.

Because little or no public credit information is available for the Energy Services segment’s customers who have fixed-price contracts, we specifically analyzed each customer and contract to evaluate (i) the historical payment patterns of the customer, (ii) the current outstanding receivables balances for each customer and contract and (iii) the level of performance of each customer with respect to volumes called for in the contract. We then evaluated the specific risks and expected outcomes of nonpayment or nonperformance by each customer and contract. We continue to monitor and evaluate performance and collections with respect to these fixed-price contracts.

Additionally, we utilize forward-starting interest rate swaps to manage interest rate risk related to forecasted interest payments on anticipated debt issuances. This strategy is a component in controlling our cost of capital associated with such borrowings by mitigating the adverse effect of a change in the capital market. We have elected cash flow hedge accounting for these interest rate swaps as we expect the change in fair value of the swap instruments to be highly effective at offsetting the cash flow associated with the forecasted interest payments from the underlying debt. The effective portion of the gain or loss on the derivative is reported as a component of other comprehensive income and reclassified to earnings in the same period or periods during which the hedged transactions affects earnings. The portion of the change in fair value of the hedge instrument that is ineffective and the hedge components excluded from the assessment of effectiveness are recognized in current earnings. The fair value of the swap instruments are calculated by discounting the future cash flows of both the fixed rate and variable rate interest payments using appropriate discount rates with consideration given to our non-performance risk. We have determined that the inputs used in measuring the fair value of these swap instruments fall within Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy.

 

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Other Considerations

Contractual Obligations

The following table summarizes our contractual obligations as of December 31, 2011 (in thousands):

 

     Payments Due by Period  
     Total      Less than 1
year
     1-3 years      3-5 years      More than 5
years
 

Long-term debt (1)

   $ 2,399,000      $ —         $ 575,000      $ 324,000      $ 1,500,000  

Interest payments (2)

     854,891        115,410        207,445        172,482        359,554  

Operating leases: (3)

              

Office space and other

     27,606        2,443        5,279        5,637        14,247  

Equipment (4)

     9,188        3,487        5,701        —           —     

Land leases (5)

     414,457        5,672        11,681        12,155        384,949  

Purchase obligations (6)

     145,567        145,567        —           —           —     

Capital expenditure obligations (7)

     16,328        16,328        —           —           —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total contractual obligations

   $ 3,867,037      $ 288,907      $ 805,106      $ 514,274      $ 2,258,750  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1) We have long-term payment obligations under our Credit Facility and our underwritten publicly issued notes. As of December 31, 2011, the amount borrowed by Buckeye under our Credit Facility will not be repaid until the maturity date of the facility; the amount borrowed by BES under the Credit Facility is classified as a current liability as related funds are used to finance their current working capital needs. See Note 12 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information regarding our debt obligations.
(2) Interest payments include amounts due on our notes and interest payments and commitment fees due on our Credit Facility. The interest amount calculated on the Credit Facility is based on the assumption that the amount outstanding and the interest rate charged both remain at their current levels.
(3) We lease certain property, plant and equipment under noncancelable and cancelable operating leases. Amounts shown in the table represent minimum lease payment obligations under our operating leases with terms in excess of one year for the periods indicated. Lease expense is charged to operating expenses on a straight line basis over the period of expected benefit. Contingent rental payments are expensed as incurred and not included in the table above. Total rental expense for the years ended December 31, 2011, 2010 and 2009 was $30.1 million, $21.3 million and $21.2 million, respectively.
(4) Includes BORCO facility leases for tugboats and a barge in our International Operations segment.
(5) Includes leases for inland dock and seabed in connection with our International Operations segment and leases for subsurface underground gas storage rights and surface rights in connection with our operations in the Natural Gas Storage segment. We may cancel these leases if the storage reservoir is not used for underground storage of natural gas or the removal or injection thereof for a continuous period of two consecutive years.
(6) We have long and short-term purchase obligations for products and services with third-party suppliers. The prices that we are obligated to pay under these contracts approximate current market prices. The table shows our commitments and estimated payment obligations under these contracts for the periods indicated. Our estimated future payment obligations are based on the contractual price under each contract for products and services at December 31, 2011.
(7) We have short-term payment obligations relating to capital projects we have initiated. These commitments represent unconditional payment obligations that we have agreed to pay vendors for services rendered or products purchased.

 

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Our rights-of-way payments were approximately $6.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2011 and are subject to an annual escalation for the remaining life of all pipelines and terminals.

In addition, our obligations related to our pension and postretirement benefit plans are discussed in Note 17 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

Employee Stock Ownership Plan

Services Company provides the ESOP to the majority of its employees hired before September 16, 2004. Employees hired by Services Company after September 15, 2004 and certain employees covered by a union multiemployer pension plan do not participate in the ESOP. The ESOP owns all of the outstanding common stock of Services Company. At December 31, 2010, Services Company had total debt outstanding of $1.5 million consisting of 3.60% Senior Secured Notes due March 28, 2011 payable by the ESOP to a third-party lender, which was repaid on March 28, 2011.

In connection with the March 2011 repayment of the ESOP Notes, the ESOP was frozen with respect to participation and benefits effective March 27, 2011 (the “Freeze Date”). No Company contributions (other than dividend equivalent payments) will be made on behalf of current participants in the Plan on and after the Freeze Date. Even though contributions under the ESOP are no longer being made, each eligible participant’s ESOP Account will continue to be credited with its share of any stock dividends or other stock distributions associated with Services Company Stock.

Services Company stock was released to employee accounts in the proportion that current payments of principal and interest on the 3.60% ESOP Notes bear to the total of all principal and interest payments due under the 3.60% ESOP Notes. All Services Company stock has been released to ESOP participants. See Note 19 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for further information.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

We have no off-balance sheet arrangements except for operating leases and outstanding letters of credit (see Note 12 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements).

Related Party Transactions

With respect to related party transactions, see Note 20 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

See Note 2 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for a description of certain new accounting pronouncements that will or may affect our consolidated financial statements.

Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

Market Risk – Trading Instruments

We have no trading derivative instruments.

Market Risk – Non-Trading Instruments

We are exposed to financial market risk resulting from changes in commodity prices and interest rates. BORCO’s functional currency is the U.S. dollar and it is equivalent in value with the Bahamian dollar. Foreign exchange gains and losses arising from transactions denominated in a currency other than the functional currency relate to a nominal amount of supply purchases and are included in net income (loss) in the consolidated statements of operations. The effects of foreign currency transactions were not considered to be material for the year ended December 31, 2011 and 2010.

 

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Commodity Price Risk

Natural Gas Storage

Our Natural Gas Storage segment enters into interruptible natural gas storage hub service agreements in order to maximize the daily utilization of the natural gas storage facilities, while also attempting to capture value from seasonal price differences in the natural gas markets. Although the Natural Gas Storage segment does not purchase or sell natural gas, it is subject to commodity price risk because the value of natural gas storage hub services generally fluctuates based on changes in the relative market prices of natural gas over different delivery periods.

As of December 31, 2011, the Natural Gas Storage segment has recorded the following assets and liabilities related to its hub services agreements (in thousands):

 

     December 31,
2011
 

Assets:

  

Hub service agreement

   $ 18,301  

Liabilities:

  

Hub service agreements

     (6,911
  

 

 

 

Total

   $ 11,390  
  

 

 

 

Energy Services

Our Energy Services segment primarily uses exchange-traded refined petroleum product futures contracts to manage the risk of market price volatility on its refined petroleum product inventories and its physical commodity forward fixed-price purchase and sales contracts. The derivative contracts used to hedge refined petroleum product inventories are classified as fair value hedges. Accordingly, our method of measuring ineffectiveness compares the changes in the fair value of the New York Mercantile Exchange (“NYMEX”) futures contracts to the change in fair value of our hedged fuel inventory.

Our Energy Services segment has not used hedge accounting with respect to its physical derivative contracts. Therefore, our physical derivative contracts and the related futures contracts used to offset the changes in fair value of the physical derivative contracts are all marked-to-market on the consolidated balance sheet with gains and losses being recognized in earnings during the period. In addition, hedge accounting has not been elected for futures contracts that have been executed to economically hedge a portion of the Energy Services segments’ refined petroleum products held in inventory; therefore, the changes in fair value of the futures contracts are marked-to-market on the consolidated balance sheet with gains and losses being recognized in earnings during the period.

As of December 31, 2011, the Energy Services segment had derivative assets and liabilities as follows (in thousands):

 

     December 31,
2011
 

Assets:

  

Physical fixed price derivative contracts

   $ 5,292  

Physical index derivative contracts

     834  

Futures contracts for refined products

     630  

Liabilities:

  

Physical fixed price derivative contracts

     (1,245

Physical index derivative contracts

     (614
  

 

 

 

Total

   $ 4,897  
  

 

 

 

 

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The gains and losses recognized in income on our derivative instruments that are designated as fair value hedging instruments were as follows for the periods indicated (in thousands):

 

          Year Ended
December 31,
 
    

Location

   2011     2010  

Fair value hedge ineffectiveness (excluding time value)

  

Cost of product sales and natural gas storage services

   $ (500   $ 9,746  

Time value excluded from hedge assessment

  

Cost of product sales and natural gas storage services

     (9,195     (15,576
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net loss in income

      $ (9,695   $ (5,830
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Our hedged inventory portfolio extended to the second quarter of 2012. The majority of the unrealized loss at December 31, 2011 for inventory hedges represented by futures contracts will be realized by the second quarter of 2012 as the related inventory is sold. At December 31, 2011, open refined petroleum product derivative contracts varied in duration in the overall portfolio, but did not extend beyond December 2012. In addition, at December 31, 2011, we had refined petroleum product inventories that we intend to use to satisfy a portion of the physical fixed price derivative contracts.

As discussed above, these commodity financial instruments are used primarily to manage the risk of market price volatility on the Energy Services segment’s refined petroleum product inventories and its physical derivative contracts. The derivative contracts used to hedge refined petroleum product inventories are classified as fair value hedges and are, therefore, expected to be highly effective in offsetting changes in the fair value of the refined petroleum product inventories.

Based on a hypothetical 10% movement in the underlying quoted market prices of the futures contracts, physical fixed price and index derivative contracts, and designated hedged refined petroleum products inventories outstanding at December 31, 2011, the estimated fair value of the portfolio of commodity financial instruments and designated hedged refined petroleum products inventories would be as follows (in thousands):

 

Scenario

   Resulting
Classification
   Commodity
Financial
Instrument
Portfolio
Fair Value
 

Fair value assuming no change in underlying commodity prices (as is)

   Asset    $ 279,049  

Fair value assuming 10% increase in underlying commodity prices

   Asset    $ 280,314  

Fair value assuming 10% decrease in underlying commodity prices

   Asset    $ 277,784  

The value of the open futures contract positions noted above were based upon quoted market prices obtained from NYMEX. The value of the physical derivative contracts and physical inventories designated in a fair value hedge relationship was based on observable market data from third party pricing publications.

Interest Rate Risk

We utilize forward-starting interest rate swaps to manage interest rate risk related to forecasted interest payments on anticipated debt issuances. This strategy is a component in controlling our cost of capital associated with such borrowings by mitigating the adverse effect of a change in the capital market. When entering into interest rate swap transactions, we become exposed to both credit

 

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risk and market risk. We are subject to credit risk when the change in fair value of the swap instruments is positive and the counterparty may fail to perform under the terms of the contract. We are subject to market risk with respect to changes in the underlying benchmark interest rate that impact the fair value of the swaps. We manage our credit risk by only entering into swap transactions with major financial institutions with investment-grade credit ratings. We manage our market risk by aligning the swap instrument with the existing underlying debt obligation or a specified expected debt issuance generally associated with the maturity of an existing debt obligation.

Our practice with respect to derivative transactions related to interest rate risk has been to have each transaction in connection with non-routine borrowings authorized by the Board of Directors of Buckeye GP. In February 2009, Buckeye GP’s Board of Directors adopted an interest rate hedging policy which permits us to enter into certain short-term interest rate hedge agreements to manage our interest rate and cash flow risks associated with our credit facility. In addition, in July 2009 and May 2010, Buckeye GP’s board of directors authorized us to enter into certain transactions, such as forward starting interest rate swaps, to manage our interest rate and cash flow risks related to certain expected debt issuances associated with the maturity of existing debt obligations.

At December 31, 2011, we had total fixed-rate debt obligations at face value of $2,075.0 million, consisting of $300.0 million of the 4.625% Notes, $275.0 million of the 5.300% Notes, $125.0 million of the 5.125% Notes, $300.0 million of the 6.050% Notes, $275.0 million of the 5.500% Notes, $650.0 million of the 4.875% Notes and $150.0 million of the 6.750% Notes. The fair value of these fixed-rate debt obligations at December 31, 2011 was approximately $2,236.6 million. We estimate that a 1% increase or decrease in rates for obligations of similar maturities would decrease or increase the fair value of our fixed-rate debt obligations at December 31, 2011 by approximately $130.0 million or $118.8 million, respectively.

At December 31, 2011, our variable-rate obligations were $575.2 million under the Credit Facility. Based on the balance outstanding at December 31, 2011, we estimate that a 1% increase or decrease in interest rates would increase or decrease annual interest expense by approximately $5.8 million.

We expect to issue new fixed-rate debt (i) on or before July 15, 2013 to repay the $300.0 million of 4.625% Notes that are due on July 15, 2013 and (ii) on or before October 15, 2014 to repay the $275.0 million of 5.300% Notes that are due on October 15, 2014, although no assurances can be given that the issuance of fixed-rate debt will be possible on acceptable terms. We have entered into six forward-starting interest rate swaps with a total aggregate notional amount of $300.0 million related to the anticipated issuance of debt on or before July 15, 2013 and six forward-starting interest rate swaps with a total aggregate notional amount of $275.0 million related to the anticipated issuance of debt on or before October 15, 2014. The purpose of these swaps is to hedge the variability of the forecasted interest payments on these expected debt issuances that may result from changes in the benchmark interest rate until the expected debt is issued. During the year ended December 31, 2011, unrealized losses of $104.8 million were recorded in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) to reflect the change in the fair values of the forward-starting interest rate swaps. We designated the swap agreements as cash flow hedges at inception and expect the changes in values to be highly correlated with the changes in value of the underlying borrowings.

 

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The following table presents the effect of hypothetical price movements on the estimated fair value of our interest rate swap portfolio and the related change in fair value of the underlying debt at December 31, 2011 (in thousands):

 

Scenario

   Resulting
Classification
   Financial
Instrument
Portfolio
Fair Value
 

Fair value assuming no change in underlying interest rates (as is)

   Liability    $ (101,911

Fair value assuming 10% increase in underlying interest rates

   Liability    $ (90,175

Fair value assuming 10% decrease in underlying interest rates

   Liability    $ (119,275

 

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Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

 

     Page

Management’s Report On Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

   72

Reports of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

   73

Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Years Ended December 31, 2011, 2010 and 2009

   75

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the Years Ended December  31, 2011, 2010 and 2009

   76

Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2011 and 2010

   77

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Years Ended December 31, 2011, 2010 and 2009

   78

Consolidated Statements of Partners’ Capital for the Years Ended December  31, 2011, 2010 and 2009

   79

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements:

  

1. Organization

   80

2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

   80

3. Acquisitions and Dispositions

   91

4. Commitments and Contingencies

   95

5. Inventories

   97

6. Prepaid and Other Current Assets

   98

7. Property, Plant and Equipment

   98

8. Equity Investments

   99

9. Goodwill and Intangible Assets

   101

10. Other Non-Current Assets

   102

11. Accrued and Other Current Liabilities

   103

12. Long-Term Debt

   104

13. Other Non-Current Liabilities

   107

14. Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

   107

15. Derivative Instruments, Hedging Activities

   107

16. Fair Value Measurements

   113

17. Pensions and Other Postretirement Benefits

   114

18. Unit-Based Compensation Plans

   119

19. Employee Stock Ownership Plan

   124

20. Related Party Transactions

   125

21. Partners’ Capital and Distributions

   125

22. Earnings Per Unit

   128

23. Reorganization

   129

24. Relocation

   130

25. Business Segments

   130

26. Supplemental Cash Flow Information

   134

27. Quarterly Financial Data (Unaudited)

   135

28. Subsequent Events

   135

 

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MANAGEMENT’S REPORT ON INTERNAL CONTROL OVER FINANCIAL REPORTING

Management of Buckeye GP LLC, as general partner of Buckeye Partners, L.P. (“Buckeye”), is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting of Buckeye. Internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable, but not absolute, assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted (“GAAP”) in the United States of America, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

In conducting our evaluation of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting, we excluded the internal control over financial reporting of Bahamas Oil Refining Company International Limited (“BORCO”), which was consolidated into our financial statements on January 18, 2011, due to its size, conversion to GAAP, implementation of our internal control structure and certain system implementations. BORCO constituted approximately 35.6% of total assets, 3.7% of total revenue and 21.9% of Adjusted EBITDA (as defined in Note 25 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements) of the consolidated financial statement amounts as of and for the year ended December 31, 2011. Such exclusion was in accordance with Securities and Exchange Commission guidance that an assessment of a recently acquired business may be omitted in management’s report on internal controls over financial reporting, providing the acquisition took place within twelve months of management’s evaluation.

Management evaluated the internal control over financial reporting of Buckeye as of December 31, 2011. In making this assessment, management used the criteria set forth by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission in Internal Control—Integrated Framework (“COSO”). As a result of this assessment and based on the criteria in the COSO framework, management has concluded that, as of December 31, 2011, the internal control over financial reporting of Buckeye was effective.

Buckeye’s independent registered public accounting firm, Deloitte & Touche LLP, has audited the internal control over financial reporting of Buckeye. Their opinion on the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting of Buckeye appears herein.

 

/s/ CLARK C. SMITH             /s/ KEITH E. ST.CLAIR        
Clark C. Smith     Keith E. St.Clair
Chief Executive Officer, President and Director     Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer
February 27, 2012    

 

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REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

To the Partners of Buckeye Partners, L.P.

We have audited the internal control over financial reporting of Buckeye Partners, L.P. and subsidiaries (“Buckeye”) as of December 31, 2011, based on criteria established in Internal Control — Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission. As described in Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting, management excluded from its assessment the internal control over financial reporting of Bahamas Oil Refining Company International Limited (“BORCO”), which was consolidated into Buckeye’s financial statements on January 18, 2011, and whose financial statements constitute approximately 35.6% of total assets, 3.7% of total revenue and 21.9% of Adjusted EBITDA (as defined in Note 25 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements) of the consolidated financial statement amounts as of and for the year ended December 31, 2011. Accordingly, our audit did not include the internal control over financial reporting at BORCO. Buckeye’s management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in the accompanying Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on Buckeye’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audit.

We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audit included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk, and performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.

A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed by, or under the supervision of, the company’s principal executive and principal financial officers, or persons performing similar functions, and effected by the company’s board of directors, management, and other personnel to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

Because of the inherent limitations of internal control over financial reporting, including the possibility of collusion or improper management override of controls, material misstatements due to error or fraud may not be prevented or detected on a timely basis. Also, projections of any evaluation of the effectiveness of the internal control over financial reporting to future periods are subject to the risk that the controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

In our opinion, Buckeye maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2011, based on the criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission.

We have also audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the consolidated financial statements as of and for the year ended December 31, 2011 of Buckeye and our report dated February 27, 2012 expressed an unqualified opinion on those consolidated financial statements.

 

/s/ DELOITTE & TOUCHE LLP         
Houston, Texas
February 27, 2012

 

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REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

To the Partners of Buckeye Partners, L.P.

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Buckeye Partners, L.P. and subsidiaries (“Buckeye”) as of December 31, 2011 and 2010, and the related consolidated statements of operations, comprehensive income, cash flows, and partners’ capital for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2011. These financial statements are the responsibility of Buckeye’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

In our opinion, such consolidated financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Buckeye Partners, L.P. and subsidiaries as of December 31, 2011 and 2010, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2011, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

We have also audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), Buckeye’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2011, based on the criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission and our report dated February 27, 2012 expressed an unqualified opinion on Buckeye’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

/s/ DELOITTE & TOUCHE LLP      

Houston, Texas
February 27, 2012

 

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BUCKEYE PARTNERS, L.P.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(In thousands, except per unit amounts)

 

     Year Ended December 31,  
     2011     2010     2009  

Revenue:

      

Product sales

   $ 3,844,888     $ 2,469,210     $ 1,125,653  

Transportation and other services

     914,722       682,058       644,719  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenue

     4,759,610       3,151,268       1,770,372  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Costs and expenses:

      

Cost of product sales and natural gas storage services

     3,851,579       2,462,275       1,103,015  

Operating expenses

     365,941       278,245       275,930  

Depreciation and amortization

     119,534       59,590       54,699  

Asset impairment expense

     —          —          59,724  

Goodwill impairment expense

     169,560       —          —     

General and administrative

     64,122       50,599       41,147  

Equity plan modification expense

     —          21,058       —     

Reorganization expense

     —          —          32,057  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total costs and expenses

     4,570,736       2,871,767       1,566,572  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating income

     188,874       279,501       203,800  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other income (expense):

      

Earnings from equity investments

     10,434       11,363       12,531  

Gain on sale of equity investment

     34,727       —          —     

Interest and debt expense

     (119,561     (89,169     (75,147

Other income (expense), net

     190       (687     453  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total other expense

     (74,210     (78,493     (62,163
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income

     114,664       201,008       141,637  

Less: net income attributable to noncontrolling interests

     (6,163     (157,928     (92,043
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income attributable to Buckeye Partners, L.P.

   $ 108,501     $ 43,080     $ 49,594  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Earnings per unit:

      

Basic

   $ 1.20     $ 1.66     $ 2.49  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Diluted

   $ 1.20     $ 1.65     $ 2.49  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Weighted average units outstanding:

      

Basic

     90,423       26,016       19,952  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Diluted

     90,772       26,086       19,952  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

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BUCKEYE PARTNERS, L.P.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

(In thousands)

 

     Year Ended December 31,  
     2011     2010     2009  

Net income

   $ 114,664     $ 201,008     $ 141,637  

Other comprehensive income (loss):

      

Change in value of derivatives

     (104,090     (13,393     —     

Gain on settlement of treasury lock, net of amortization

     451       —          —     

Adjustment to funded status of benefit plans

     (2,843     (7,019     —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total other comprehensive loss

     (106,482     (20,412     —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive income

     8,182       180,596       141,637  

Less: comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interests

     (6,163     (119,647     (92,043
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive income attributable to Buckeye Partners, L.P.

   $ 2,019     $ 60,949     $ 49,594  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

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BUCKEYE PARTNERS, L.P.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(In thousands, except unit amounts)

 

     December 31,  
     2011     2010  

Assets:

    

Current assets:

    

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 12,986     $ 13,626  

Trade receivables, net

     206,601       167,274  

Construction and pipeline relocation receivables

     8,662       6,803  

Inventories

     298,304       351,605  

Derivative assets

     6,756       1,634  

Prepaid and other current assets

     92,727       85,689  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total current assets

     626,036       626,631  

Property, plant and equipment, net

     3,847,573       2,305,884  

Equity investments

     65,882       107,047  

Goodwill

     753,100       432,124  

Intangible assets, net

     230,568       44,067  

Other non-current assets

     47,217       58,463  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ 5,570,376     $ 3,574,216  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Liabilities and partners’ capital:

    

Current liabilities:

    

Line of credit

   $ 251,200     $ 284,300  

Current portion of long-term debt

     —          1,525  

Accounts payable

     102,445       68,530  

Derivative liabilities

     1,859       17,285  

Accrued and other current liabilities

     199,475       144,880  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total current liabilities

     554,979       516,520  

Long-term debt

     2,393,574       1,519,393  

Long-term derivative liabilities

     101,911       —     

Other non-current liabilities

     195,955       128,043  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities

     3,246,419       2,163,956  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Commitments and contingent liabilities (Note 4)

     —          —     

Partners’ capital:

    

Buckeye Partners, L.P. capital:

    

Limited Partners (85,968,423 and 71,436,099 units outstanding as of December 31, 2011 and 2010, respectively)

     2,035,271       1,413,664  

Class B Units (7,304,880 and 0 units outstanding as of December 31, 2011 and 2010, respectively)

     395,639       —     

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

     (127,741     (21,259
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Buckeye Partners, L.P. capital

     2,303,169       1,392,405  

Noncontrolling interests

     20,788       17,855  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total partners’ capital

     2,323,957       1,410,260  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities and partners’ capital

   $ 5,570,376     $ 3,574,216  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

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BUCKEYE PARTNERS, L.P.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(In thousands)

 

     Year Ended December 31,  
     2011     2010     2009  

Cash flows from operating activities:

      

Net income

   $ 114,664     $ 201,008     $ 141,637  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

      

Gain on sale of equity investment

     (34,727     —          —     

Value of ESOP shares released

     1,183       4,745       1,641  

Depreciation and amortization

     119,534       59,590       54,699  

Asset impairment expense

     —          —          59,724  

Goodwill impairment expense

     169,560       —          —     

Net changes in fair value of derivatives

     (66,747     (45,579     20,531  

Non-cash deferred lease expense

     4,122       4,235       4,500  

Amortization of unfavorable storage contracts

     (7,562     —          —     

Earnings from equity investments

     (10,434     (11,363     (12,531

Distributions from equity investments

     6,656       14,679       9,660  

Equity plan modification expense

     —          21,058       —     

Amortization of other non-cash items

     11,293       5,720       8,257  

Change in assets and liabilities, net of amounts related to acquisitions:

      

Trade receivables

     (29,684     (43,109     (44,112

Construction and pipeline relocation receivables

     (1,859     7,292       7,406  

Inventories

     102,511       9,955       (177,309

Prepaid and other current assets

     (4,220     16,368       (28,937

Accounts payable

     29,872       11,808       14,569  

Accrued and other current liabilities

     (16,312     30,416       (1,296

Other non-current assets

     17,546       9,528       (9,916

Other non-current liabilities

     (1,504     (3,872     (861
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

     403,892       292,479       47,662  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash flows from investing activities:

      

Capital expenditures

     (305,324     (77,699     (87,309

Acquisition of interest in equity investment

     (5,723     (13,512     —     

Contributions to equity investments

     —          —          (3,870

Acquisitions, net of cash acquired

     (1,084,469     (46,915     (54,443

Net proceeds for disposal of property, plant and equipment

     237       23,938       1,419  

Proceeds from the sale of equity investment

     85,000       —          —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash used in investing activities

     (1,310,279     (114,188     (144,203
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities:

      

Net proceeds from issuance of units

     736,871       —          104,632  

Proceeds from exercise of unit options

     3,567       4,789       3,204  

Issuance of long-term debt

     647,530       —          273,210  

Repayment of long term-debt

     (1,525     (6,178     (6,294

Borrowings under BPL Credit Facility

     1,221,732       298,400       317,120  

Repayments under BPL Credit Facility

     (995,732     (278,400     (537,387

Net borrowings (repayments) under BES Credit Facility

     (33,100     44,500       143,800  

Debt issuance costs

     (9,968     (3,551     (4,691

Repayment of debt assumed in BORCO acquisition

     (318,167     —          —     

Costs associated with agreement and plan of Merger

     (1,356     (16,427     —     

Distributions paid to noncontrolling partners of Buckeye Partners, L.P.

     (8,872     (195,564     (180,008

Proceeds from settlement of treasury lock

     497       —          —     

Distributions paid to partners of Buckeye GP Holdings L.P.

     —          (49,808     (40,752

Distributions paid to unitholders

     (335,730     —          —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

     905,747       (202,239     72,834  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents

     (640     (23,948     (23,707

Cash and cash equivalents — Beginning of year

     13,626       37,574       61,281  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents — End of year

   $ 12,986     $ 13,626     $ 37,574  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

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BUCKEYE PARTNERS, L.P.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF PARTNERS’ CAPITAL

(In thousands)

 

     Buckeye Partners, L.P. Unitholders              
     General
Partner
    Limited
Partners
    Class B
Units
    Management
Units
    Equity Gains
on Issuance
of Buckeye’s
Limited
Partner Units
    Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
    Noncontrolling
Interests
    Total  

Partners’ capital—January 1, 2009

   $ 7     $ 226,565     $ —        $ 3,037     $ 2,451     $ —        $ 1,166,774     $ 1,398,834  

Net income

     —          48,668       —          926       —          —          92,043       141,637  

Distributions paid to partners of BGH

     —          (39,990     —          (762     —          —          —          (40,752

Recognition of unit-based compensation charges

     —          1,302       —          24       —          —          —          1,326  

Equity gains on issuance of LP Units

     —          —          —          —          106       —          (106     —     

Net proceeds from issuance of LP Units

     —          —          —          —          —          —          104,632       104,632  

Amortization of unit-based compensation awards

     —          —          —          —          —          —          3,079       3,079  

Exercise of LP Unit options

     —          —          —          —          —          —          3,204       3,204  

Services Company’s non-cash ESOP distributions

     —          —          —          —          —          —          (6,073     (6,073

Distributions paid to noncontrolling interests

     —          —          —          —          —          —          (180,008     (180,008

Change in value of derivatives

     —          —          —          —          —          —          17,722       17,722  

Amortization of interest rate swaps

     —          —          —          —          —          —          961       961  

Other

     —          —          —          —          —          —          7,732       7,732  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Partners’ capital—December 31, 2009

     7       236,545       —          3,225       2,557       —          1,209,960       1,452,294  

Net income

     —          42,175       —          905       —          —          157,928       201,008  

Costs associated with agreement and plan of Merger

     —          (6,750     —          (128     —          —          (9,549     (16,427

Distributions paid to partners of BGH

     —          (48,877     —          (931     —          —          —          (49,808

Recognition of unit-based compensation charges

     —          21,916       —          419       —          —          —          22,335  

Amortization of unit-based compensation awards

     —          2,163       —          —          —          —          6,040       8,203  

Exercise of LP Unit options

     —          340       —          —          —          —          4,449       4,789  

Services Company’s non-cash ESOP distributions

     —          —          —          —          —          —          (5,385     (5,385

Distributions paid to noncontrolling interests

     —          —          —          —          —          —          (195,564     (195,564

Other comprehensive income

     —          —          —          —          —          17,869       (38,281     (20,412

Noncash accrual for distribution equivalent rights

     —          —          —          —          —          —          (936     (936

Cancellation of 80,000 LP units in connection with the Merger

     —