cbna201410q3rdqtr.htm
 
 

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q
x QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2014
   
  OR
   
o
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
  For the transition period from                                     to                                     
  Commission File Number: 001-13695
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
 
Delaware   16-1213679
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)   (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
     
5790 Widewaters Parkway, DeWitt, New York   13214-1883
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)
  (315) 445-2282  
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)
     
  NONE  
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No o.
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted to its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes x No o.
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
Large accelerated filer x Accelerated filer o Non-accelerated filer o Smaller reporting company o.
 
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o. No x.
 
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.
40,598,363 shares of Common Stock, $1.00 par value, were outstanding on October 31, 2014.


 
 

 


TABLE OF CONTENTS



Part I.
   Financial Information
Page
     
Item 1.
Financial Statements (Unaudited)
 
     
 
Consolidated Statements of Condition
 
 
September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013                                                                                                                                                                                          
3
     
 
Consolidated Statements of Income
 
 
Three and nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013                                                                                                                                                             
4
     
 
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income/(Loss)
 
 
Three and nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013                                                                                                                                                             
5
     
 
Consolidated Statement of Changes in Shareholders’ Equity
 
 
Nine months ended September 30, 2014                                                                                                                                                                                                
6
     
 
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
 
 
Nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013                                                                                                                                                                               
7
     
 
Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements
 
 
September 30, 2014                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
8
     
Item 2.
Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations                                                                                                    
27
     
Item 3.
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk                                                                                                                                                           
44
     
Item 4.
Controls and Procedures                                                                                                                                                                                                                         
45
     
Part II.
   Other Information
 
     
Item 1.
Legal Proceedings                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
46
     
Item 1A.
Risk Factors                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
46
     
Item 2.
Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds                                                                                                                                                        
46
     
Item 3.
Defaults Upon Senior Securities                                                                                                                                                                                                          
46
     
Item 4.
Mine Safety Disclosures                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
47
     
Item 5.
Other Information                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
47
     
Item 6.
Exhibits                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     
47


 
2

 

Part I.   Financial Information
Item 1. Financial Statements

COMMUNITY BANK SYSTEM, INC.
   
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CONDITION (Unaudited)
   
(In Thousands, Except Share Data)
   
 
 
September 30,
December 31,
 
2014
2013
Assets:
   
   Cash and cash equivalents
$157,500
$149,647
     
   Available-for-sale investment securities (cost of $2,421,718 and $2,217,165, respectively)
2,465,931
2,186,163
     
   Other securities, at cost
40,311
32,562
     
   Loans held for sale, at fair value
726
728
     
   Loans
4,217,244
4,109,083
   Allowance for loan losses
(45,273)
(44,319)
     Net loans
4,171,971
4,064,764
     
   Goodwill, net
375,174
374,991
   Core deposit intangibles, net
10,816
13,460
   Other intangibles, net
1,976
2,048
     Intangible assets, net
387,966
390,499
     
   Premises and equipment, net
91,762
93,636
   Accrued interest and fees receivable
27,564
25,475
   Other assets
158,912
152,390
     
        Total assets
$7,502,643
$7,095,864
     
Liabilities:
   
   Noninterest-bearing deposits
$1,279,052
$1,203,346
   Interest-bearing deposits
4,688,279
4,692,698
      Total deposits
5,967,331
5,896,044
     
  Borrowings
343,805
141,913
  Subordinated debt held by unconsolidated subsidiary trusts
102,115
102,097
  Accrued interest and other liabilities
123,868
79,998
     Total liabilities
6,537,119
6,220,052
     
Commitments and contingencies (See Note J)
   
     
Shareholders' equity:
   
  Preferred stock, $1.00 par value, 500,000 shares authorized, 0 shares issued
0
0
      Common stock, $1.00 par value, 75,000,000 shares authorized; 41,483,376 and
 
 
     41,213,491 shares issued, respectively
41,483
41,213
  Additional paid-in capital
405,313
396,528
  Retained earnings
515,040
481,732
  Accumulated other comprehensive income/(loss)
20,670
(26,546)
  Treasury stock, at cost (776,091 and 782,173 shares, respectively)
(16,982)
(17,115)
     Total shareholders' equity
965,524
875,812
     
     Total liabilities and shareholders' equity
$7,502,643
$7,095,864





The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.
 
 
 
3

 
 
COMMUNITY BANK SYSTEM, INC.
         
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME (Unaudited)
         
(In Thousands, Except Per-Share Data)
         
 
   
Three Months Ended  
September 30,
Nine Months Ended  
September 30,
   
2014
2013
2014
2013
Interest income:
       
 
Interest and fees on loans
$46,883
$47,606
$138,649
$141,136
 
Interest and dividends on taxable investments
12,239
13,394
37,481
41,176
 
Interest and dividends on nontaxable investments
5,165
5,132
15,505
15,885
 
     Total interest income
64,287
66,132
191,635
198,197
 
 
       
Interest expense:
       
 
Interest on deposits
1,962
2,530
6,265
8,375
 
Interest on borrowings
308
2,368
846
10,473
 
Interest on subordinated debt held by unconsolidated subsidiary trusts
623
633
1,852
1,891
 
     Total interest expense
2,893
5,531
8,963
20,739
           
Net interest income
61,394
60,601
182,672
177,458
Provision for loan losses
1,747
2,093
4,647
4,807
Net interest income after provision for loan losses
59,647
58,508
178,025
172,651
           
Noninterest income:
       
 
Deposit service fees
13,833
12,703
39,260
36,643
 
Other banking services
1,867
1,671
4,665
3,729
 
Employee benefit services
10,755
9,397
31,638
28,564
 
Wealth management services
4,617
3,823
13,529
11,566
 
Gain on sales of investment securities
0
0
0
63,799
 
Loss on debt extinguishments
0
0
0
(63,500)
Total noninterest income
31,072
27,594
89,092
80,801
           
Noninterest expenses:
       
 
Salaries and employee benefits
30,941
30,448
92,090
91,217
 
Occupancy and equipment
6,617
6,448
21,224
20,263
 
Data processing and communications
7,475
6,998
21,529
20,334
 
Amortization of intangible assets
1,051
1,089
3,293
3,408
 
Legal and professional fees
1,973
1,897
5,427
5,363
 
Office supplies and postage
1,466
1,566
4,664
4,579
 
Business development and marketing
1,764
1,973
5,424
5,256
 
FDIC insurance premiums
952
923
2,918
2,923
 
Acquisition expenses and litigation settlement
2,800
71
2,923
76
 
Other
3,772
3,631
10,404
10,553
 
     Total noninterest expenses
58,811
55,044
169,896
163,972
           
Income before income taxes
31,908
31,058
97,221
89,480
Income taxes
9,537
9,069
29,001
26,128
Net income
$22,371
$21,989
$68,220
$63,352
           
Basic earnings per share
$0.55
$0.55
$1.67
$1.58
Diluted earnings per share
$0.54
$0.54
$1.65
$1.56
Cash dividends declared per share
$0.30
$0.28
$0.86
$0.82
 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.
 
 
 
4

 
 
COMMUNITY BANK SYSTEM, INC.
       
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME/(LOSS) (Unaudited)
(In Thousands)
   

 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
2014
2013
 
2014
2013
           
Pension and other post retirement obligations:
         
Amortization of actuarial (gains)/losses included in net periodic pension cost, gross
($79)
$1,011
 
($235)   
$3,032  
Tax effect
31
(392)
 
92   
(1,176)  
Amortization of actuarial (gains)/losses included in net periodic pension cost, net
(48)
619
 
(143)   
1,856  
           
 Amortization of prior service cost included in net periodic pension cost, gross
(43)
(30)
 
(130)   
(91)  
 Tax effect
17
11
 
51   
35  
 Amortization of prior service cost included in net periodic pension cost, net
(26)
(19)
 
(79)   
(56)  
           
Other comprehensive income related to pension and other post retirement obligations, net of taxes
(74)
600
 
(222)   
1,800  
           
Unrealized gains/(losses) on available-for-sale securities:
         
Net unrealized holding gain/(loss) arising during period, gross
(1,808)
(1,852)
 
75,214   
(71,501)  
Tax effect
710
567
 
(27,776)   
26,746  
Net unrealized holding gain/(loss) arising during period, net
(1,098)
(1,285)
 
47,438   
(44,755)  
           
Reclassification adjustment for net gains included in net income, gross
0
0
 
0   
(63,799)  
 Tax effect
0
0
 
0   
24,019  
Reclassification adjustment for net gains included in net income, net
0
0
 
0   
(39,780)  
           
Other comprehensive gain/(loss) related to unrealized gain/(loss) on available-for-sale securities, net of taxes
(1,098)
(1,285)
 
47,438   
(84,535)  
           
Other comprehensive income/(loss), net of tax
(1,172)
(685)
 
47,216   
(82,735)  
Net income
22,371
21,989
 
68,220   
63,352  
Comprehensive income/(loss)
$21,199
$21,304
 
$115,436
($19,383)  
           
 
As of
     
 
September 30,
2014
December 31,
2013
     
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income By Component:
         
           
Unrealized loss for pension and other postretirement obligations
($11,704)
($11,339)
     
Tax effect
4,336
4,194
     
Net unrealized loss for pension and other postretirement obligations
(7,368)
(7,145)
     
           
Unrealized gain/(loss) on available-for-sale securities
44,214
(31,002)
     
Tax effect
(16,176)
11,601
     
Net unrealized gain/(loss) on available-for-sale securities
28,038
(19,401)
     
           
Accumulated other comprehensive income /(loss)
$20,670
($26,546)
     







The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

 
5

 

COMMUNITY BANK SYSTEM, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY (Unaudited)
Nine months ended September 30, 2014
(In Thousands, Except Share Data)
 
         
Accumulated
   
 
Common Stock
Additional
 
Other
   
 
Shares
Amount
Paid-In
Retained
Comprehensive
Treasury
 
 
Outstanding
Issued
Capital
Earnings
Income/(Loss)
Stock
Total
               
Balance at December 31, 2013
40,431,318
$41,213
$396,528
$481,732
($26,546)
($17,115)
$875,812
               
Net income
     
68,220
   
68,220
               
Other comprehensive income, net of tax
       
47,216
 
47,216
               
Cash dividends declared:
             
Common, $0.86 per share
     
(34,912)
   
(34,912)
               
Common stock issued under
             
  employee stock plan,
             
  including tax benefits of $1,476
275,967
270
5,712
   
133
6,115
               
Stock-based compensation
   
3,073
     
3,073
               
Balance at September 30, 2014
40,707,285
$41,483
$405,313
$515,040
$20,670
($16,982)
$965,524




 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

 
6

 

COMMUNITY BANK SYSTEM, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Unaudited)
(In Thousands)
   
 
Nine Months Ended
 
September 30,
 
2014
2013
Operating activities:
   
  Net income
$68,220
$63,352
  Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
   
     Depreciation
9,801
9,058
     Amortization of intangible assets
3,293
3,408
     Net accretion of premiums and discounts on securities and borrowings
(5,643)
(4,081)
     Stock-based compensation
3,073
3,014
     Provision for loan losses
4,647
4,807
     Amortization of mortgage servicing rights
337
409
     Income from bank-owned life insurance policies
(760)
(775)
     Gain on sales of investment securities
0
(63,799)
     Loss on debt extinguishments
0
63,500
     Net (gain)/loss from sale of loans and other assets
(344)
248
     Net change in loans held for sale
258
(913)
     Change in other assets and liabilities
5,448
(6,297)
       Net cash provided by operating activities
88,330
71,931
Investing activities:
   
  Proceeds from sales of available-for-sale investment securities
0
711,540
  Proceeds from maturities of available-for-sale investment securities
101,228
158,849
  Proceeds from maturities of held-to-maturity investment securities
0
27,074
  Proceeds from maturities of other investment securities
12
0
  Proceeds from sale of other investment securities
0
7,229
  Purchases of available-for-sale investment securities
(300,120)
(666,841)
  Purchases of held-to-maturity investment securities
0
(5,298)
  Purchases of other securities
(7,761)
(2)
  Net increase in loans
(111,854)
(163,491)
  Cash paid for acquisition, net of cash acquired of $0 and $0, respectively
(924)
0
  Purchases of premises and equipment, net
(7,839)
(11,226)
       Net cash (used in)/provided by investing activities
(327,258)
57,834
Financing activities:
   
  Net increase in deposits
71,287
59,294
  Net change in borrowings, net of payments of $8 and $565,145
201,892
(224,445)
  Issuance of common stock
6,115
12,072
  Cash dividends paid
(33,989)
(32,222)
  Tax benefits from share-based payment arrangements
1,476
1,183
       Net cash provided by/(used in) financing activities
246,781
(184,118)
Change in cash and cash equivalents
7,853
(54,353)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
149,647
228,558
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$157,500
$174,205
     
Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:
   
  Cash paid for interest
$9,079
$23,935
  Cash paid for income taxes
19,527
19,328
Supplemental disclosures of noncash financing and investing activities:
   
  Dividends declared and unpaid
12,255
11,279
  Transfers from loans to other real estate
2,111
5,024






The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

 
7

 

COMMUNITY BANK SYSTEM, INC.
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)
SEPTEMBER 30, 2014

NOTE A:  BASIS OF PRESENTATION

The interim financial data as of and for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014 is unaudited; however, in the opinion of Community Bank System, Inc. (the “Company”), the interim data includes all adjustments, consisting only of normal recurring adjustments, necessary for a fair statement of the results for the interim periods in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”).  The results of operations for the interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the full year or any other interim period.

NOTE B:  ACQUISITIONS

On January 1, 2014, the Company, through its subsidiary, Harbridge Consulting Group, LLC (“Harbridge”), completed its acquisition of a professional services practice from EBS-RMSCO, Inc., a subsidiary of The Lifetime Healthcare Companies (“EBS-RMSCO”).  This professional services practice, which provides actuarial valuation and consulting services to clients who sponsor pension and post-retirement medical and welfare plans, enhances the Company’s participation in the Western New York market.  The effects of the acquired assets and liabilities have been included in the consolidated financial statements since that date.

On December 13, 2013, Community Bank, N.A. (the “Bank” or “CBNA”) completed its acquisition of eight branches in Northern Pennsylvania from Bank of America, N.A. (“B of A”), acquiring approximately $303 million of deposits and $1 million of loans.  The assumed deposits consist primarily of core deposits (checking, savings and money market accounts) and the purchased loans consist of in-market performing commercial loans. Under the terms of the purchase agreement, the Bank paid a blended deposit premium of 2.4%, or approximately $7.3 million.  The effects of the acquired assets and liabilities have been included in the consolidated financial statements since that date.  

The assets and liabilities assumed in the acquisitions were recorded at their estimated fair values based on management's best estimates using information available at the dates of the acquisition, and are subject to adjustment based on updated information not available at the time of acquisition.  The following table summarizes the estimated fair value of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed during 2013 and the first nine months of 2014:

(000’s omitted)
2014
2013
    Consideration paid/(received):
   
   Cash/Total net consideration paid/(received)
$924 
($291,980) 
Recognized amounts of identifiable assets acquired and
liabilities assumed:
   
   Loans
0  
1,106  
   Premises and equipment
0  
2,549  
   Accrued interest receivable
0  
5  
   Other assets and liabilities, net
163  
(18)  
   Other intangibles
578  
9  
   Core deposit intangibles
0  
2,537  
   Deposits
(303,456) 
     Total identifiable assets/(liabilities), net
741  
(297,268)  
        Goodwill
$183  
$5,288  

The fair value of checking, savings and money market deposit accounts acquired were assumed to approximate the carrying value as these accounts have no stated maturity and are payable on demand.  Certificate of deposit accounts were valued as the present value of the certificates’ expected contractual payments discounted at market rates for similar certificates, which approximated their book values.

The core deposit intangible and other intangibles related to the B of A and EBS-RMSCO acquisitions are being amortized using an accelerated method over their estimated useful lives of eight years.  The goodwill, which is not amortized for book purposes, was assigned to the Banking segment for the B of A acquisition and the Employee Benefit Services segment for the EBS-RMSCO acquisition.  The goodwill arising from the B of A branch and the EBS-RMSCO acquisitions is deductible for tax purposes.

Direct costs related to the acquisitions were expensed as incurred.  Merger and acquisition integration-related expenses amount to $0.1 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and have been separately stated in the Consolidated Statements of Income.  There were no merger and acquisition integration-related expenses for the three months ended September 30, 2014.

Supplemental pro forma financial information related to the B of A and EBS-RMSCO acquisitions has not been provided as it would be impracticable to do so.  Historical financial information regarding the acquired branches is not accessible and, thus, the amounts would require estimates so significant as to render the disclosure irrelevant.
 
 
 
8

 
 
NOTE C:  ACCOUNTING POLICIES

The accounting policies of the Company, as applied in the consolidated interim financial statements presented herein, are substantially the same as those followed on an annual basis as presented on pages 56 through 61 of the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on March 3, 2014.

Critical Accounting Policies

Acquired loans
Acquired loans are initially recorded at their acquisition date fair values.  The carryover of allowance for loan losses is prohibited as any credit losses in the loans are included in the determination of the fair value of the loans at the acquisition date. Fair values for acquired loans are based on a discounted cash flow methodology that involves assumptions and judgments as to credit risk, prepayment risk, liquidity risk, default rates, loss severity, payment speeds, collateral values and discount rate.

Acquired impaired loans
Acquired loans that have evidence of deterioration in credit quality since origination and for which it is probable, at acquisition, that the Company will be unable to collect all contractually required payments are accounted for as impaired loans under ASC 310-30.  The excess of undiscounted cash flows expected at acquisition over the estimated fair value is referred to as the accretable discount and is recognized into interest income over the remaining life of the loans using the interest method. The difference between contractually required payments at acquisition and the undiscounted cash flows expected to be collected at acquisition is referred to as the non-accretable discount. The non-accretable discount represents estimated future credit losses and other contractually required payments that the Company does not expect to collect. Subsequent decreases in expected cash flows are recognized as impairments through a charge to the provision for credit losses resulting in an increase in the allowance for loan losses. Subsequent improvements in expected cash flows result in a recovery of previously recorded allowance for loan losses or a reversal of a corresponding amount of the non-accretable discount, which the Company then reclassifies as an accretable discount that is recognized into interest income over the remaining life of the loans using the interest method.

Acquired loans that met the criteria for non-accrual of interest prior to acquisition may be considered performing upon acquisition, regardless of whether the customer is contractually delinquent, if the Company can reasonably estimate the timing and amount of the expected cash flows on such loans and if the Company expects to fully collect the new carrying value of the loans. As such, the Company may no longer consider the loan to be non-accrual or non-performing and may accrue interest on these loans, including the impact of any accretable discount.

Acquired non-impaired loans
Acquired loans that do not meet the requirements under ASC 310-30 are considered acquired non-impaired loans. The difference between the acquisition date fair value and the outstanding balance represents the fair value adjustment for a loan and includes both credit and interest rate considerations. Fair value adjustments may be discounts (or premiums) to a loan’s cost basis and are accreted (or amortized) to net interest income (or expense) over the loan’s remaining life in accordance with ASC 310- 20. Fair value adjustments for revolving loans are accreted (or amortized) using a straight line method. Term loans are accreted (or amortized) using the constant effective yield method.

Subsequent to the purchase date, the methods used to estimate the allowance for loan losses for the acquired non-impaired loans is consistent with the policy described below.  However, the Company compares the net realizable value of the loans to the carrying value, for loans collectively evaluated for impairment.  The carrying value represents the net of the loan’s unpaid principal balance and the remaining purchase discount (or premium) that has yet to be accreted into interest income.  When the carrying value exceeds the net realizable value, an allowance for loan losses is recognized.

Allowance for Loan Losses
Management continually evaluates the credit quality of the Company’s loan portfolio, and performs a formal review of the adequacy of the allowance for loan losses on a quarterly basis.  The allowance reflects management’s best estimate of probable losses inherent in the loan portfolio.  Determination of the allowance is subjective in nature and requires significant estimates.   The Company’s allowance methodology consists of two broad components - general and specific loan loss allocations.


 
9

 


The general loan loss allocation is composed of two calculations that are computed on five main loan segments:  business lending, consumer installment - direct, consumer installment - indirect, home equity and consumer mortgage.  The first calculation is quantitative and determines an allowance level based on the latest 36 months of historical net charge-off data for each loan class (commercial loans exclude balances with specific loan loss allocations).  The second calculation is qualitative and takes into consideration eight qualitative environmental factors:  levels and trends in delinquencies and impaired loans; levels of and trends in charge-offs and recoveries; trends in volume and terms of loans; effects of any changes in risk selection and underwriting standards, and other changes in lending policies, procedures, and practices; experience, ability, and depth of lending management and other relevant staff; national and local economic trends and conditions; industry conditions; and effects of changes in credit concentrations.    A component of the qualitative calculation is the unallocated allowance for loan loss.  The qualitative and quantitative calculations are added together to determine the general loan loss allocation.  The specific loan loss allocation relates to individual commercial loans that are both greater than $0.5 million and in a nonaccruing status with respect to interest.  Specific loan losses are based on discounted estimated cash flows, including any cash flows resulting from the conversion of collateral or collateral shortfalls.  The allowance levels computed from the specific and general loan loss allocation methods are combined with unallocated allowances and allowances needed for acquired loans to derive the total required allowance for loan losses to be reflected on the Consolidated Statement of Condition.

Loan losses are charged off against the allowance, while recoveries of amounts previously charged off are credited to the allowance.  A provision for loan losses is charged to operations based on management’s periodic evaluation of factors previously mentioned.

Investment Securities
The Company has classified its investments in debt and equity securities as held-to-maturity or available-for-sale.  Held-to-maturity securities are those for which the Company has the positive intent and ability to hold until maturity, and are reported at cost, which is adjusted for amortization of premiums and accretion of discounts.  During December 2013, the Company reclassified its held-to-maturity portfolio to available-for-sale and the Company will not be able to use the held-to-maturity classification for the foreseeable future.  Securities classified as available-for-sale are reported at fair value with net unrealized gains and losses reflected as a separate component of shareholders' equity, net of applicable income taxes.  None of the Company's investment securities have been classified as trading securities at September 30, 2014.  Certain equity securities are stated at cost and include restricted stock of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York (“Federal Reserve”) and Federal Home Loan Bank of New York (“FHLB”).

Fair values for investment securities are based upon quoted market prices, where available.  If quoted market prices are not available, fair values are based upon quoted market prices of comparable instruments, or a discounted cash flow model using market estimates of interest rates and volatility.

The Company conducts an assessment of all securities in an unrealized loss position to determine if other-than-temporary impairment (“OTTI”) exists on a quarterly basis. An unrealized loss exists when the current fair value of an individual security is less than its amortized cost basis.  The OTTI assessment considers the security structure, recent security collateral performance metrics, if applicable, external credit ratings, failure of the issuer to make scheduled interest or principal payments, judgment about and expectations of future performance, and relevant independent industry research, analysis and forecasts. The severity of the impairment and the length of time the security has been impaired is also considered in the assessment.  The assessment of whether an OTTI decline exists is performed on each security, regardless of the classification of the security as available-for-sale or held-to-maturity and involves a high degree of subjectivity and judgment that is based on the information available to management at a point in time.

An OTTI loss must be recognized for a debt security in an unrealized loss position if there is intent to sell the security or it is more likely than not the Company will be required to sell the security prior to recovery of its amortized cost basis. In this situation, the amount of loss recognized in income is equal to the difference between the fair value and the amortized cost basis of the security. Even if management does not have the intent, and it is not more likely than not that the Company will be required to sell the securities, an evaluation of the expected cash flows to be received is performed to determine if a credit loss has occurred. For debt securities, a critical component of the evaluation for OTTI is the identification of credit-impaired securities, where the Company does not expect to receive cash flows sufficient to recover the entire amortized cost basis of the security.  In the event of a credit loss, only the amount of impairment associated with the credit loss would be recognized in income. The portion of the unrealized loss relating to other factors, such as liquidity conditions in the market or changes in market interest rates, is recorded in accumulated other comprehensive loss.

Equity securities are also evaluated to determine whether the unrealized loss is expected to be recoverable based on whether evidence exists to support a realizable value equal to or greater than the amortized cost basis. If it is probable that the amortized cost basis will not be recovered, taking into consideration the estimated recovery period and the ability to hold the equity security until recovery, OTTI is recognized in earnings equal to the difference between the fair value and the amortized cost basis of the security.

The specific identification method is used in determining the realized gains and losses on sales of investment securities and OTTI charges.  Premiums and discounts on securities are amortized and accreted, respectively, on the interest method basis over the period to maturity or estimated life of the related security.  Purchases and sales of securities are recognized on a trade date basis.


 
10

 


Intangible Assets
Intangible assets include core deposit intangibles, customer relationship intangibles and goodwill arising from acquisitions. Core deposit intangibles and customer relationship intangibles are amortized on either an accelerated or straight-line basis over periods ranging from seven to 20 years. The initial and ongoing carrying value of goodwill and other intangible assets is based upon discounted cash flow modeling techniques that require management to make estimates regarding the amount and timing of expected future cash flows.  It also requires use of a discount rate that reflects the current return requirements of the market in relation to present risk-free interest rates, required equity market premiums, peer volatility indicators, and company-specific risk indicators.

The Company evaluates goodwill for impairment on an annual basis, or more often if events or circumstances indicate there may be impairment.  The implied fair value of a reporting unit’s goodwill is compared to its carrying amount and the impairment loss is measured by the excess of the carrying value over fair value.  The fair value of each reporting unit is compared to the carrying amount of that reporting unit in order to determine if impairment is indicated.

Retirement Benefits
The Company provides defined benefit pension benefits to eligible employees and post-retirement health and life insurance benefits to certain eligible retirees.  The Company also provides deferred compensation and supplemental executive retirement plans for selected current and former employees, officers, and directors.  Expense under these plans is charged to current operations and consists of several components of net periodic benefit cost based on various actuarial assumptions regarding future experience under the plans, including discount rate, rate of future compensation increases and expected return on plan assets.

New Accounting Pronouncements
In January 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2014-04, Receivables – Troubled Debt Restructurings by Creditors (Subtopic 310-40):  Reclassification of Residential Real Estate Collateralized Consumer Mortgage Loans upon Foreclosure.  This new guidance clarifies when an “in substance” repossession or foreclosure occurs, and requires all creditors who obtain physical possession (resulting from an in substance repossession or foreclosure) of residential real estate property collateralizing a consumer mortgage loan in satisfaction of a receivable to reclassify the collateralized mortgage loan such that the loan should be derecognized and the collateral asset recognized. This guidance is effective prospectively for the Company for annual and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2014.  The adoption of this guidance is not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606).  This new guidance supersedes the revenue recognition requirements in ASC 605, Revenue Recognition, and is based on the principle that revenue is recognized to depict the transfer of goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods and services. The ASU also requires additional disclosure about the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from customer contracts, including significant judgments and changes in judgments and assets recognized from costs incurred to obtain or fulfill a contract.  This guidance is effective prospectively for the Company for annual and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2016.  The Company is currently evaluating the effect the guidance will have on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

NOTE D:  INVESTMENT SECURITIES

The amortized cost and estimated fair value of investment securities as of September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013 are as follows:

 
September 30, 2014
 
December 31, 2013
   
Gross
Gross
     
Gross
Gross
 
 
Amortized
Unrealized
Unrealized
Fair
 
Amortized
Unrealized
Unrealized
Fair
(000's omitted)
Cost
Gains
Losses
Value
 
Cost
Gains
Losses
Value
Available-for-Sale Portfolio:
                 
U.S. Treasury and agency securities
$1,476,678
$17,210
$7,261
$1,486,627
 
$1,252,332
$1,119
$41,304
$1,212,147
Obligations of state and political subdivisions
662,742
26,621
1,029
688,334
 
665,441
15,919
12,378
668,982
Government agency mortgage-backed securities
236,819
9,088
1,785
244,122
 
250,431
8,660
4,113
254,978
Corporate debt securities
26,835
539
87
27,287
 
26,932
873
218
27,587
Government agency collateralized mortgage obligations
18,394
736
0
19,130
 
21,779
362
93
22,048
Marketable equity securities
250
181
0
431
 
250
171
0
421
    Total available-for-sale portfolio
$2,421,718
$54,375
$10,162
$2,465,931
 
$2,217,165
$27,104
$58,106
$2,186,163
                   
Other Securities:
                 
Federal Home Loan Bank common stock
$19,814
   
$19,814
 
$12,053
   
$12,053
Federal Reserve Bank common stock
16,050
   
16,050
 
16,050
   
16,050
Other equity securities
4,447
   
4,447
 
4,459
   
4,459
    Total other securities
$40,311
   
$40,311
 
$32,562
   
$32,562
 
 
 
11

 
 
A summary of investment securities that have been in a continuous unrealized loss position for less than, or greater than, twelve months is as follows:

As of September 30, 2014
 
 
Less than 12 Months
 
12 Months or Longer
 
Total
     
Gross
     
Gross
     
Gross
   
Fair
Unrealized
   
Fair
Unrealized
   
Fair
Unrealized
(000's omitted)
#
Value
Losses
 
#
Value
Losses
 
#
Value
Losses
                       
Available-for-Sale Portfolio:
                     
U.S. Treasury and agency obligations
7
$158,289
$859
 
10
$230,998
$6,402
 
17
$389,287
$7,261
Obligations of state and political subdivisions
31
16,009
78
 
78
49,434
951
 
109
65,443
1,029
Government agency mortgage-backed securities
8
12,807
47
 
24
48,830
1,738
 
32
61,637
1,785
Corporate debt securities
0
0
0
 
1
2,756
87
 
1
2,756
87
Government agency collateralized mortgage obligations
1
0
0
 
1
5
0
 
2
5
0
   Total available-for-sale/investment portfolio
47
$187,105
$984
 
114
$332,023
$9,178
 
161
$519,128
$10,162

As of December 31, 2013
 
 
Less than 12 Months
 
12 Months or Longer
 
Total
     
Gross
     
Gross
     
Gross
   
Fair
Unrealized
   
Fair
Unrealized
   
Fair
Unrealized
(000's omitted)
#
Value
Losses
 
#
Value
Losses
 
#
Value
Losses
                       
Available-for-Sale Portfolio:
                     
U.S. Treasury and agency obligations
43
$1,181,214
$41,304
 
0
$0
$0
 
43
$1,181,214
$41,304
Obligations of state and political subdivisions
302
195,526
11,774
 
9
4,974
604
 
311
200,500
12,378
Government agency mortgage-backed securities
43
68,917
3,262
 
6
8,713
851
 
49
77,630
4,113
Corporate debt securities
1
3,026
31
 
1
2,703
187
 
2
5,729
218
Government agency collateralized mortgage obligations
1
2,601
93
 
1
7
0
 
2
2,608
93
   Total available-for-sale/investment portfolio
390
$1,451,284
$56,464
 
17
$16,397
$1,642
 
407
$1,467,681
$58,106

The unrealized losses reported pertaining to securities issued by the U.S. government and its sponsored entities, include treasuries, agencies, and mortgage-backed securities issued by GNMA, FNMA and FHLMC which are currently rated AAA by Moody’s Investor Services, AA+ by Standard & Poor’s and are guaranteed by the U.S. government. The majority of the obligations of state and political subdivisions and corporations carry a credit rating of A or better.  Additionally, a majority of the obligations of state and political subdivisions carry a secondary level of credit enhancement. The Company does not intend to sell these securities, nor is it more likely than not that the Company will be required to sell these securities prior to recovery of the amortized cost. The unrealized losses in the portfolios are primarily attributable to changes in interest rates.  As such, management does not believe any individual unrealized loss as of September 30, 2014 represents OTTI.

The amortized cost and estimated fair value of debt securities at September 30, 2014, by contractual maturity, are shown below. Expected maturities will differ from contractual maturities because borrowers may have the right to call or prepay obligations with or without call or prepayment penalties.  Securities not due at a single maturity date are shown separately.

 
Available-for-Sale
 
Amortized
Fair
(000's omitted)
Cost
Value
Due in one year or less
$49,520
$50,144
Due after one through five years
156,732
161,940
Due after five years through ten years
1,691,095
1,710,084
Due after ten years
268,908
280,080
     Subtotal
2,166,255
2,202,248
Government agency mortgage-backed securities
236,819
244,122
Government agency collateralized mortgage obligations
18,394
19,130
     Total
$2,421,468
$2,465,500


 
12

 


NOTE E:  LOANS

The segments of the Company’s loan portfolio are disaggregated into the following classes that allow management to monitor risk and performance:
 
·
Consumer mortgages consist primarily of fixed rate residential instruments, typically 10 – 30 years in contractual term, secured by first liens on real property.
·
Business lending is comprised of general purpose commercial and industrial loans including, but not limited to agricultural-related and dealer floor plans, as well as mortgages on commercial properties.
·
Consumer indirect consists primarily of installment loans originated through selected dealerships and are secured by automobiles, marine and other recreational vehicles.
·
Consumer direct consists of all other loans to consumers such as personal installment loans and lines of credit.
·
Home equity products are consumer purpose installment loans or lines of credit most often secured by a first or second lien position on residential real estate with terms up to 30 years.

The balances of these classes are summarized as follows:
 
 
September 30,
December 31,
(000's omitted)
2014
2013
Consumer mortgage
$1,598,298
$1,582,058
Business lending
1,251,178
1,260,364
Consumer indirect
841,975
740,002
Consumer direct
186,672
180,139
Home equity
339,121
346,520
  Gross loans, including deferred origination costs
4,217,244
4,109,083
Allowance for loan losses
(45,273)
(44,319)
Loans, net of allowance for loan losses
$4,171,971
$4,064,764

The outstanding balance related to credit impaired acquired loans was $7.0 million and $13.1 million at September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, respectively.  The changes in the accretable discount related to the credit impaired acquired loans are as follows:

(000’s omitted)
 
Balance at December 31, 2013
$997 
Accretion recognized, year-to-date
(567) 
Net reclassification to accretable from nonaccretable
355 
Balance at September 30, 2014
$785 

Credit Quality
Management monitors the credit quality of its loan portfolio on an ongoing basis.  Measurement of delinquency and past due status are based on the contractual terms of each loan.  Past due loans are reviewed on a monthly basis to identify loans for non-accrual status.  The following is an aged analysis of the Company’s past due loans, by class as of September 30, 2014:

Legacy Loans (excludes loans acquired after January 1, 2009)

 
Past Due
90+ Days Past
       
 
30 – 89
Due and
 
Total
   
(000’s omitted)
Days
 Still Accruing
Nonaccrual
Past Due
Current
Total Loans
Consumer mortgage
$12,044
$2,074
$12,228
$26,346
$1,499,800
$1,526,146
Business lending
3,567
66
3,005
6,638
1,101,014
1,107,652
Consumer indirect
9,483
115
11
9,609
830,786
840,395
Consumer direct
1,201
20
2
1,223
179,165
180,388
Home equity
2,349
269
2,067
4,685
272,045
276,730
Total
$28,644
$2,544
$17,313
$48,501
$3,882,810
$3,931,311


 
13

 


Acquired Loans (includes loans acquired after January 1, 2009)

 
Past Due
90+ Days Past
         
 
30 – 89
Due and
 
Total
Acquired
   
(000’s omitted)
Days
Still Accruing
Nonaccrual
Past Due
Impaired(1)
Current
Total Loans
Consumer mortgage
$2,303
$53
$2,033
$4,389
$0
$67,763
$72,152
Business lending
134
0
1,421
1,555
5,487
136,484
143,526
Consumer indirect
64
0
0
64
0
1,516
1,580
Consumer direct
148
18
0
166
0
6,118
6,284
Home equity
483
75
556
1,114
0
61,277
62,391
Total
$3,132
$146
$4,010
$7,288
$5,487
$273,158
$285,933
(1)  
Acquired impaired loans were not classified as nonperforming assets as the loans are considered to be performing under ASC 310-30.  As a result interest income, through the accretion of the difference between the carrying amount of the loans and the expected cashflows, is being recognized on all acquired impaired loans.

The following is an aged analysis of the Company’s past due loans by class as of December 31, 2013:

Legacy Loans (excludes loans acquired after January 1, 2009)

 
Past Due
90+ Days Past
       
 
30 – 89
Due and
 
Total
   
(000’s omitted)
Days
 Still Accruing
Nonaccrual
Past Due
Current
Total Loans
Consumer mortgage
$16,589
$1,253
$11,097
 $28,939
$1,473,320
 $1,502,259
Business lending
2,960
164
3,083
6,207
1,079,818
1,086,025
Consumer indirect
11,647
738
14
12,399
723,878
736,277
Consumer direct
1,858
90
4
1,952
169,452
171,404
Home equity
2,635
173
1,867
4,675
271,235
275,910
Total
$35,689
$2,418
$16,065
 $54,172
$3,717,703
 $3,771,875

Acquired Loans (includes loans acquired after January 1, 2009)

 
Past Due
90+ Days Past
         
 
30 – 89
Due and
 
Total
Acquired
   
(000’s omitted)
Days
Still Accruing
Nonaccrual
Past Due
Impaired(1)
Current
Total Loans
Consumer mortgage
$1,857
$85
$1,463
$3,405
$0
$76,394
$79,799
Business lending
531
0
1,472
2,003
7,090
165,246
174,339
Consumer indirect
157
17
0
174
0
3,551
3,725
Consumer direct
385
27
0
412
0
8,323
8,735
Home equity
592
8
473
1,073
0
69,537
70,610
Total
$3,522
$137
$3,408
$7,067
$7,090
$323,051
$337,208
(1)  
Acquired impaired loans were not classified as nonperforming assets as the loans are considered to be performing under ASC 310-30.  As a result interest income, through the accretion of the difference between the carrying amount of the loans and the expected cashflows, is being recognized on all acquired impaired loans.

The Company uses several credit quality indicators to assess credit risk in an ongoing manner.  The Company’s primary credit quality indicator for its business lending portfolio is an internal credit risk rating system that categorizes loans as “pass”, “special mention”, or “classified”.  Credit risk ratings are applied individually to those classes of loans that have significant or unique credit characteristics that benefit from a case-by-case evaluation.  In general, the following are the definitions of the Company’s credit quality indicators:
 
Pass The condition of the borrower and the performance of the loans are satisfactory or better.
   
Special Mention The condition of the borrower has deteriorated although the loan performs as agreed.
   
Classified
The condition of the borrower has significantly deteriorated and the performance of the loan could further deteriorate, if deficiencies are not corrected.
   
Doubtful The condition of the borrower has deteriorated to the point that collection of the balance is improbable based on current facts and conditions.


 
14

 


The following table shows the amount of business lending loans by credit quality category:

 
September 30, 2014
 
December 31, 2013
(000’s omitted)
Legacy
Acquired
Total
 
Legacy
Acquired
Total
Pass
$927,154
$95,640
$1,022,794
 
$908,885
$116,271
$1,025,156
Special mention
104,353
20,567
124,920
 
93,600
24,264
117,864
Classified
76,145
21,832
97,977
 
83,379
26,714
110,093
Doubtful
0
0
0
 
161
0
161
Acquired impaired
0
5,487
5,487
 
0
7,090
7,090
Total
$1,107,652
$143,526
$1,251,178
 
$1,086,025
$174,339
$1,260,364

All other loans are underwritten and structured using standardized criteria and characteristics, primarily payment performance, and are normally risk rated and monitored collectively on a monthly basis.  These are typically loans to individuals in the consumer categories and are delineated as either performing or nonperforming.   Performing loans include current, 30 - 89 days past due and acquired impaired loans.  Nonperforming loans include 90+ days past due and still accruing and nonaccrual loans. The following table details the balances in all other loan categories at September 30, 2014:

Legacy loans (excludes loans acquired after January 1, 2009)

 
Consumer
Consumer
Consumer
Home
 
(000’s omitted)
Mortgage
Indirect
Direct
Equity
Total
Performing
$1,511,844
$840,269
$180,366
$274,394
$2,806,873
Nonperforming
14,302
126
22
2,336
16,786
Total
$1,526,146
$840,395
$180,388
$276,730
$2,823,659

Acquired loans (includes loans acquired after January 1, 2009)

 
Consumer
Consumer
Consumer
Home
 
(000’s omitted)
Mortgage
Indirect
Direct
Equity
Total
Performing
$70,066
$1,580
$6,266
$61,760
$139,672
Nonperforming
2,086
0
18
631
2,735
Total
$72,152
$1,580
$6,284
$62,391
$142,407

The following table details the balances in all other loan categories at December 31, 2013:

Legacy loans (excludes loans acquired after January 1, 2009)

 
Consumer
Consumer
Consumer
Home
 
(000’s omitted)
Mortgage
Indirect
Direct
Equity
Total
Performing
$1,489,909
$735,525
$171,310
$273,870
$2,670,614
Nonperforming
12,350
752
94
2,040
15,236
Total
$1,502,259
$736,277
$171,404
$275,910
$2,685,850

Acquired loans (includes loans acquired after January 1, 2009)

 
Consumer
Consumer
Consumer
Home
 
(000’s omitted)
Mortgage
Indirect
Direct
Equity
Total
Performing
$78,251
$3,708
$8,708
$70,129
$160,796
Nonperforming
1,548
17
27
481
2,073
Total
$79,799
$3,725
$8,735
$70,610
$162,869

All loan classes are collectively evaluated for impairment except business lending, as described in Note C.  A summary of individually evaluated impaired loans as of September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013 follows:

 
September 30,
December 31,
(000’s omitted)
2014
2013
Loans with allowance allocation
$945  
$945  
Loans without allowance allocation
0  
600  
Carrying balance
945  
1,545  
Contractual balance
1,003  
1,852  
Specifically allocated allowance
50  
50  


 
15

 


In the course of working with borrowers, the Company may choose to restructure the contractual terms of certain loans.  In this scenario, the Company attempts to work-out an alternative payment schedule with the borrower in order to optimize collectability of the loan.  Any loans that are modified are reviewed by the Company to identify if a troubled debt restructuring (“TDR”) has occurred, which is when, for economic or legal reasons related to a borrower’s financial difficulties, the Company grants a concession to the borrower that it would not otherwise consider.  Terms may be modified to fit the ability of the borrower to repay in line with its current financial standing and the restructuring of the loan may include the transfer of assets from the borrower to satisfy the debt, a modification of loan terms, or a combination of the two.  With regard to determination of the amount of the allowance for loan losses, troubled debt restructured loans are considered to be impaired.  As a result, the determination of the amount of allowance for loan losses related to impaired loans for each portfolio segment within TDRs is the same as detailed previously.

In accordance with the clarified guidance issued by the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (“OCC”) in 2012 addressing the accounting for certain loans that have been discharged in Chapter 7 bankruptcy, loans that have been discharged in Chapter 7 bankruptcy but not reaffirmed by the borrower, are classified as TDRs, irrespective of payment history or delinquency status, even if the repayment terms for the loan have not been otherwise modified.  The Company’s lien position against the underlying collateral remains unchanged.  Pursuant to that guidance, the Company records a charge-off equal to any portion of the carrying value that exceeds the net realizable value of the collateral.  The amount of loss incurred in 2014 and 2013 was immaterial.

TDRs less than $0.5 million are collectively included in the general loan loss allocation and the qualitative review, if necessary.  Commercial loans greater than $0.5 million are individually evaluated for impairment, and if necessary, a specific allocation of the allowance for loan losses is provided.

Information regarding TDRs as of September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013 is as follows:

 
September 30, 2014
 
December 31, 2013
(000’s omitted)
Nonaccrual
Accruing
Total
 
Nonaccrual
Accruing
Total
 
#
Amount
#
Amount
#
Amount
 
#
Amount
#
Amount
#
Amount
Consumer mortgage
37
$1,796
50
$2,215
87
$4,011
 
31
$1,682
48
$2,171
79
$3,853
Business lending
7
609
2
93
9
702
 
4
162
1
47
5
209
Consumer indirect
0
0
81
693
81
693
 
0
0
98
692
98
692
Consumer direct
0
0
19
80
19
80
 
0
0
46
116
46
116
Home equity
14
297
14
328
28
625
 
12
202
20
363
32
565
Total
58
$2,702
166
$3,409
224
$6,111
 
47
$2,046
213
$3,389
260
$5,435
 
The following table presents information related to loans modified in a TDR during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014.  Of the loans noted in the table below, all but two loans for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014 were modified due to a Chapter 7 bankruptcy as described previously.  The two exceptions were business loans restructured via granting a waiver of payments for a period of time.  The financial effects of these restructurings were immaterial.

 
Three Month Ended September 30, 2014
 
Nine Month Ended September 30, 2014
(000’s omitted)
Number of loans
modified
Outstanding Balance
 
Number of loans
modified
Outstanding Balance
Consumer mortgage
6  
$283
 
22  
$1,016
Business lending
0  
0
 
7  
556
Consumer indirect
16  
165
 
29  
334
Consumer direct
5  
7
 
7  
14
Home equity
0  
0
 
5  
173
Total
27  
$455
 
70  
$2,093


 
16

 


Allowance for Loan Losses

The allowance for loan losses is general in nature and is available to absorb losses from any loan type despite the analysis below.  The following presents by class the activity in the allowance for loan losses:

 
Three Months Ended September 30, 2014
 
Consumer
Business
Consumer
Consumer
Home
 
Acquired
 
(000’s omitted)
Mortgage
Lending
Indirect
Direct
Equity
Unallocated
Impaired
Total
Beginning balance
$9,375
$16,553
$11,354
$3,298
$1,860
$2,012
$163
$44,615
Charge-offs
(203)
(435)
(1,711)
(307)
(74)
0
(10)
(2,740)
Recoveries
14
335
1,025
239
38
0
0
1,651
Provision
268
138
1,231
100
77
(65)
(2)
1,747
Ending balance
$9,454
$16,591
$11,899
$3,330
$1,901
$1,947
$151
$45,273
                 
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30, 2013
 
Consumer
Business
Consumer
Consumer
Home
 
Acquired
 
(000’s omitted)
Mortgage
Lending
Indirect
Direct
Equity
Unallocated
Impaired
Total
Beginning balance
$7,373
$18,283
$9,369
$3,054
$1,674
$2,745
$975
$43,473
Charge-offs
(217)
(1,012)
(1,186)
(348)
(59)
0
(59)
(2,881)
Recoveries
2
375
811
206
4
0
0
1,398
Provision
443
625
1,074
253
95
(500)
103
2,093
Ending balance
$7,601
$18,271
$10,068
$3,165
$1,714
$2,245
$1,019
$44,083

 
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2014
 
Consumer
Business
Consumer
Consumer
Home
 
Acquired
 
(000’s omitted)
Mortgage
Lending
Indirect
Direct
Equity
Unallocated
Impaired
Total
Beginning balance
$8,994
$17,507
$10,248
$3,181
$1,830
$2,029
$530
$44,319
Charge-offs
(734)
(940)
(4,573)
(1,219)
(450)
0
(30)
(7,946)
Recoveries
67
607
2,826
677
76
0
0
4,253
Provision
1,127
(583)
3,398
691
445
(82)
(349)
4,647
Ending balance
$9,454
$16,591
$11,899
$3,330
$1,901
$1,947
$151
$45,273
                 
 
 
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2013
 
Consumer
Business
Consumer
Consumer
Home
 
Acquired
 
(000’s omitted)
Mortgage
Lending
Indirect
Direct
Equity
Unallocated
Impaired
Total
Beginning balance
$7,070
$18,013
$9,606
$3,303
$1,451
$2,666
$779
$42,888
Charge-offs
(817)
(2,075)
(3,075)
(1,300)
(379)
0
(59)
(7,705)
Recoveries
15
619
2,682
761
16
0
0
4,093
Provision
1,333
1,714
855
401
626
(421)
299
4,807
Ending balance
$7,601
$18,271
$10,068
$3,165
$1,714
$2,245
$1,019
$44,083

NOTE F:  GOODWILL AND IDENTIFIABLE INTANGIBLE ASSETS

The gross carrying amount and accumulated amortization for each type of identifiable intangible asset are as follows:

 
September 30, 2014
 
December 31, 2013
 
Gross
 
Net
 
Gross
 
Net
 
Carrying
Accumulated
Carrying
 
Carrying
Accumulated
Carrying
(000's omitted)
Amount
Amortization
Amount
 
Amount
Amortization
Amount
Amortizing intangible assets:
             
  Core deposit intangibles
$40,326
($29,510)
$10,816
 
$40,326
($26,866)
$13,460
  Other intangibles
10,019
(8,043)
1,976
 
9,441
(7,393)
2,048
 Total amortizing intangibles
$50,345
($37,553)
$12,792
 
$49,767
($34,259)
$15,508


 
17

 


The estimated aggregate amortization expense for each of the five succeeding fiscal years ended December 31 is as follows:

Oct - Dec 2014
$993
2015
3,408
2016
2,612
2017
1,908
2018
1,424
Thereafter
2,447
Total
$12,792

Shown below are the components of the Company’s goodwill at December 31, 2013 and September 30, 2014:

(000’s omitted)
December 31, 2013
Activity
September 30, 2014
Goodwill
$379,815
$183
$379,998
Accumulated impairment
(4,824)
0
(4,824)
Goodwill, net
$374,991
$183
$375,174

NOTE G:  MANDATORILY REDEEMABLE PREFERRED SECURITIES

The Company sponsors two business trusts, Community Statutory Trust III and Community Capital Trust IV, of which 100% of the common stock is owned by the Company.  The trusts were formed for the purpose of issuing company-obligated mandatorily redeemable preferred securities to third-party investors and investing the proceeds from the sale of such preferred securities solely in junior subordinated debt securities of the Company.  The debentures held by each trust are the sole assets of that trust.  Distributions on the preferred securities issued by each trust are payable quarterly at a rate per annum equal to the interest rate being earned by the trust on the debentures held by that trust and are recorded as interest expense in the consolidated financial statements.  The preferred securities are subject to mandatory redemption, in whole or in part, upon repayment of the debentures.  The Company has entered into agreements which, taken collectively, fully and unconditionally guarantee the preferred securities subject to the terms of each of the guarantees.  The terms of the preferred securities of each trust are as follows:

 
Issuance
Par
 
Maturity
 
Trust
Date
Amount
Interest Rate
Date
Call Price
III
7/31/2001
$24.5 million
3 month LIBOR plus 3.58% (3.82%)
7/31/2031
Par
IV
12/8/2006
$75 million
3 month LIBOR plus 1.65% (1.88%)
12/15/2036
Par

NOTE H:  BENEFIT PLANS

The Company provides a qualified defined benefit pension to eligible employees and retirees, other post-retirement health and life insurance benefits to certain retirees, an unfunded supplemental pension plan for certain key executives, and an unfunded stock balance plan for certain of its nonemployee directors.  The Company accrues for the estimated cost of these benefits through charges to expense during the years that employees earn these benefits.  No contributions to the defined benefit pension plan are required or planned for 2014.

The net periodic benefit cost for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013 is as follows:
 
 
Pension Benefits
 
Post-retirement Benefits
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
September 30,
 
September 30,
 
September 30,
 
September 30,
(000's omitted)
2014
2013
 
2014
2013
 
2014
2013
 
2014
2013
Service cost
$882
$985
 
$2,647
$2,955
 
$0
$0
 
$0
$0
Interest cost
1,318
1,029
 
3,953
3,086
 
26
22
 
76
66
Expected return on plan assets
(2,980)
(2,710)
 
(8,941)
(7,612)
 
0
0
 
0
0
Amortization of unrecognized net loss
(77)
1,008
 
(230)
3,023
 
(2)
3
 
(5)
9
Amortization of prior service cost
1
14
 
4
43
 
(45)
(45)
 
(134)
(134)
Net periodic benefit cost
($856)
$326
 
($2,567)
$1,495
 
($21)
($20)
 
($63)
($59)


 
18

 


NOTE I:  EARNINGS PER SHARE

Basic earnings per share are computed based on the weighted-average of the common shares outstanding for the period.  Diluted earnings per share are based on the weighted-average of the shares outstanding adjusted for the dilutive effect of restricted stock and the assumed exercise of stock options during the year.  The dilutive effect of options is calculated using the treasury stock method of accounting.  The treasury stock method determines the number of common shares that would be outstanding if all the dilutive options (those where the average market price is greater than the exercise price) were exercised and the proceeds were used to repurchase common shares in the open market at the average market price for the applicable time period.  There were approximately 0.3 million weighted-average anti-dilutive stock options outstanding for the three months ended September 30, 2014, and approximately 0.2 million weighted-average anti-dilutive stock options outstanding for the nine months ended September 30, 2014, compared to approximately 0.3 million weighted-average anti-dilutive stock options outstanding for the three months ended September 30, 2013, and approximately 0.5 million weighted-average anti-dilutive stock options outstanding for the nine months ended September 30, 2013 that were not included in the computation below.

The following is a reconciliation of basic to diluted earnings per share for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013:
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
September 30,
 
September 30,
(000's omitted, except per share data)
2014
2013
 
2014
2013
Net income
$22,371
$21,989
 
$68,220
$63,352
Income attributable to unvested stock-based compensation awards
(115)
(121)
 
(337)
(315)
Income available to common shareholders
22,256
21,868
 
67,883
63,037
           
Weighted-average common shares outstanding – basic
40,596
40,121
 
40,543
39,914
Basic earnings per share
$0.55
$0.55
 
$1.67
$1.58
           
Net income
$22,371
$21,989
 
$68,220
$63,352
Income attributable to unvested stock-based compensation awards
(115)
(121)
 
(337)
(315)
Income available to common shareholders
22,256
21,868
 
67,883
63,037
           
Weighted-average common shares outstanding – basic
40,596
40,121
 
40,543
39,914
Assumed exercise of stock options
453
506
 
482
474
Weighted-average common shares outstanding – diluted
41,049
40,627
 
41,025
40,388
Diluted earnings per share
$0.54
$0.54
 
$1.65
$1.56

Stock Repurchase Program
At its December 2013 meeting, the Company’s Board of Directors (the “Board”) approved a new repurchase program authorizing the repurchase of up to 2,000,000 shares of the Company’s common stock, in accordance with securities laws and regulations, through December 31, 2014.  Any repurchased shares will be used for general corporate purposes, including those related to stock plan activities.  The timing and extent of repurchases will depend on market conditions and other corporate considerations as determined at the Company’s discretion.  There were no open market treasury stock purchases in 2013 or the first nine months of 2014.

NOTE J:  COMMITMENTS, CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND RESTRICTIONS

The Company is a party to financial instruments with off-balance sheet risk in the normal course of business to meet the financing needs of its customers.  These financial instruments consist primarily of commitments to extend credit and standby letters of credit.  Commitments to extend credit are agreements to lend to customers, generally having fixed expiration dates or other termination clauses that may require payment of a fee.  These commitments consist principally of unused commercial and consumer credit lines.  Standby letters of credit generally are contingent upon the failure of the customer to perform according to the terms of an underlying contract with a third party.  The credit risks associated with commitments to extend credit and standby letters of credit are essentially the same as that involved with extending loans to customers and are subject to the Company’s normal credit policies.  Collateral may be obtained based on management’s assessment of the customer’s creditworthiness.  The fair value of the standby letters of credit is immaterial for disclosure.

The contract amount of commitments and contingencies are as follows:

(000's omitted)
September 30,
 2014
December 31,
2013
Commitments to extend credit
$674,401
$704,904
Standby letters of credit
23,892
24,449
Total
$698,293
$729,353
 
 
 
19

 
 
The Company and its subsidiaries are subject in the normal course of business to various pending and threatened legal proceedings in which claims for monetary damages are asserted. As of September 30, 2014, management, after consultation with legal counsel, does not anticipate that the aggregate ultimate liability arising out of litigation pending or threatened against the Company or its subsidiaries will be material to the Company’s consolidated financial position. On at least a quarterly basis the Company assesses its liabilities and contingencies in connection with such legal proceedings. For those matters where it is probable that the Company will incur losses and the amounts of the losses can be reasonably estimated, the Company records an expense and corresponding liability in its consolidated financial statements. To the extent the pending or threatened litigation could result in exposure in excess of that liability, the amount of such excess is not currently estimable. The range of reasonably possible losses for matters where an exposure is not currently estimable or considered probable, beyond the existing recorded liabilities, is between $0 and $1 million in the aggregate. Although the Company does not believe that the outcome of pending litigation will be material to the Company’s consolidated financial position, it cannot rule out the possibility that such outcomes will be material to the consolidated results of operations for a particular reporting period in the future.

The Bank reached a settlement in two class actions pending in the United States District Court for the Middle District of Pennsylvania which were commenced October 30, 2013 and May 29, 2014, respectively.  The first action alleged that notices provided by the Bank in connection with the repossession of the named plaintiff’s automobile failed to comply with certain requirements of the Pennsylvania and New York Uniform Commercial Code (UCC) and related statutes.  The plaintiff sought to pursue the action as a class action on behalf of herself and similarly situated plaintiffs who had their automobiles repossessed and sought to recover statutory damages under the UCC. The second action filed May 29, 2014 contained similar allegations, which the plaintiff also sought to pursue as a class action for statutory damages. In both cases, the Bank contested the allegations that the notices were deficient, asserted various legal defenses and counterclaims, and opposed class certification in both of the cases.  On September 30, 2014, the Bank reached an agreement in principle to settle both actions for $2.8 million in exchange for releases of all claims.  The settlement is subject to final documentation, notice to the class members and Court approval. A litigation settlement charge of $2.8 million with respect to the settlement of the class actions was recorded in the third quarter.

NOTE K:  FAIR VALUE

Accounting standards allow entities an irrevocable option to measure certain financial assets and financial liabilities at fair value.  Unrealized gains and losses on items for which the fair value option has been elected are reported in earnings.  The Company has elected to value loans held for sale at fair value in order to more closely match the gains and losses associated with loans held for sale with the gains and losses on forward sales contracts.  Accordingly, the impact on the valuation will be recognized in the Company’s consolidated statement of income.  All mortgage loans held for sale are current and in performing status.

Accounting standards establish a framework for measuring fair value and require certain disclosures about such fair value instruments.  It defines fair value as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date (i.e. exit price).  Inputs used to measure fair value are classified into the following hierarchy:
 
·
Level 1 – Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.
·
Level 2 – Quoted prices in active markets for similar assets or liabilities, or quoted prices for identical or similar assets or
                   liabilities in markets that are not active, or inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the asset or liability.
·
Level 3 – Significant valuation assumptions not readily observable in a market.
 
A financial instrument’s categorization within the valuation hierarchy is based upon the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement.  The following tables set forth the Company’s financial assets and liabilities that were accounted for at fair value on a recurring basis.  There were no transfers between any of the levels for the periods presented.
 
 
September 30, 2014
(000's omitted)
  Level 1
  Level 2
  Level 3
Total Fair
Value
Available-for-sale investment securities:
       
   U.S. Treasury and agency securities
$1,465,231
$21,396
$0
$1,486,627
   Obligations of state and political subdivisions
0
688,334
0
688,334
   Government agency mortgage-backed securities
0
244,122
0
244,122
   Corporate debt securities
0
27,287
0
27,287
   Government agency collateralized mortgage obligations
0
19,130
0
19,130
   Marketable equity securities
431
0
0
431
      Total available-for-sale investment securities
1,465,662
1,000,269
0
2,465,931
Mortgage loans held for sale
0
726
0
726
Commitments to originate real estate loans for sale
0
0
170
170
Forward sales commitments
0
(7)
0
(7)
      Total
$1,465,662
$1,000,988
$170
$2,466,820

 
20

 


 
December 31, 2013
(000's omitted)
Level 1
Level 2
Level 3
Total Fair Value
Available-for-sale investment securities:
       
U.S. Treasury and agency securities
$1,182,261
$29,886
$0
$1,212,147
Obligations of state and political subdivisions
0
668,982
0
668,982
Government agency mortgage-backed securities
0
254,978
0
254,978
Corporate debt securities
0
27,587
0
27,587
Government agency collateralized mortgage obligations
0
22,048
0
22,048
Marketable equity securities
421
0
0
421
    Total available-for-sale investment securities
1,182,682
1,003,481
0
2,186,163
Mortgage loans held for sale
0
728
0
728
Commitments to originate real estate loans for sale
0
0
44
44
Forward sales commitments
0
27
0
27
Total
$1,182,682
$1,004,236
$44
$2,186,962
 
The valuation techniques used to measure fair value for the items in the table above are as follows:
 
·
Available for sale investment securities – The fair value of available-for-sale investment securities is based upon quoted prices, if available.  If quoted prices are not available, fair values are measured using quoted market prices for similar securities or model-based valuation techniques.  Level 1 securities include U.S. Treasury obligations and marketable equity securities that are traded by dealers or brokers in active over-the-counter markets.  Level 2 securities include U.S. agency securities, mortgage-backed securities issued by government-sponsored entities, municipal securities and corporate debt securities that are valued by reference to prices for similar securities or through model-based techniques in which all significant inputs, such as reported trades, trade execution data, LIBOR swap yield curve, market prepayment speeds, credit information, market spreads, and security’s terms and conditions, are observable.  See Note D for further disclosure of the fair value of investment securities.

·
Mortgage loans held for sale – Mortgage loans held for sale are carried at fair value, which is determined using quoted secondary-market prices of loans with similar characteristics and, as such, have been classified as a Level 2 valuation.  The unpaid principal value of mortgage loans held for sale at September 30, 2014 is approximately $0.7 million.  The unrealized gain on mortgage loans held for sale of approximately $0.02 million was recognized in mortgage banking and other income in the consolidated statement.

·
Forward sales commitments – The Company enters into forward sales commitments to sell certain residential real estate loans.  Such commitments are considered to be derivative financial instruments and, therefore, are carried at estimated fair value in the other asset or other liability section of the consolidated balance sheet.  The fair value of these forward sales commitments is primarily measured by obtaining pricing from certain government-sponsored entities and reflects the underlying price the entity would pay the Company for an immediate sale on these mortgages.  As such, these instruments are classified as Level 2 in the fair value hierarchy.

·
Commitments to originate real estate loans for sale – The Company enters into various commitments to originate residential real estate loans for sale.  Such commitments are considered to be derivative financial instruments and, therefore, are carried at estimated fair value in the other asset or other liability section of the consolidated balance sheet.  The estimated fair value of these commitments is determined using quoted secondary market prices obtained from certain government-sponsored entities.  Additionally, accounting guidance requires the expected net future cash flows related to the associated servicing of the loan to be included in the fair value measurement of the derivative.  The expected net future cash flows are based on a valuation model that calculates the present value of estimated net servicing income.  The valuation model incorporates assumptions that market participants would use in estimating future net servicing income.  Such assumptions include estimates of the cost of servicing loans, appropriate discount rate and prepayment speeds.  The determination of expected net cash flows is considered a significant unobservable input contributing to the Level 3 classification of commitments to originate real estate loans for sale.


 
21

 


The changes in Level 3 assets measured at fair value on a recurring basis are summarized in the following tables:
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
2014
 
2013
 
Commitments
   
Commitments
 
 
to Originate
 
Pooled Trust
to Originate
 
 
Real Estate
 
Preferred
Real Estate
 
(000's omitted)
Loans for Sale
 
Securities
Loans for Sale
Total
Beginning balance
$142
 
$47,290
($19)
$47,271
Total (losses)/gains included in earnings (1)(3)
(142)
 
16
19
35
Total gains included in other comprehensive income(2)
0
 
4,217
0
4,217
Principal reductions
0
 
(272)
0
(272)
Commitments to originate real estate loans held for sale, net
170
 
0
268
268
Ending balance
$170
 
$51,251
$268
$51,519
           
(1) Amounts included in earnings associated with the pooled trust preferred securities relate to accretion of related
    discount, which are reported in interest and dividends on taxable investments
(2) Amounts included in other comprehensive income associated with the pooled trust preferred securities relate to
    changes in unrealized loss and are reported as a component of net unrealized gains/(losses) on available-for sale
    securities in the Statement of Comprehensive Income.
(3) Amounts included in earnings associated with the commitments to originate real estate loans for sale are reported
    as a component of other banking services in the Consolidated Statement of Income.
 
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2014
 
2013
 
Commitments
   
Commitments
 
 
to Originate
 
Pooled Trust
to Originate
 
 
Real Estate
 
Preferred
Real Estate
 
(000's omitted)
Loans for Sale
 
Securities
Loans for Sale
Total
Beginning balance
$44
 
$49,600
$0
$49,600
Total (losses)/gains included in earnings (1)(3)
(253)
 
166
0
166
Total gains included in other comprehensive income(2)
0
 
7,090
0
7,090
Principal reductions
0
 
(5,605)
0
(5,605)
Commitments to originate real estate loans held for sale, net
379
 
0
268
268
Ending balance
$170
 
$51,251
$268
$51,519
           
(1) Amounts included in earnings associated with the pooled trust preferred securities relate to accretion of related
    discount, which are reported in interest and dividends on taxable investments.
(2) Amounts included in other comprehensive income associated with the pooled trust preferred securities relate to
    changes in unrealized loss and are reported as a component of net unrealized gains/(losses) on available-for sale
    securities in the Statement of Comprehensive Income.
(3) Amounts included in earnings associated with the commitments to originate real estate loans for sale are reported
    as a component of other banking services in the Consolidated Statement of Income.
 
Assets and liabilities measured on a non-recurring basis:

 
September 30, 2014
 
December 31, 2013
(000's omitted)
Level 1
Level 2
Level 3
Total Fair Value
 
Level 1
Level 2
Level 3
Total Fair Value
Impaired loans
$0
$0
$0
$0
 
$0
$600
$0
$600
Other real estate owned
0
0
3,619
3,619
 
0
0
5,060
5,060
   Total
$0
$0
$3,619
$3,619
 
$0
$600
$5,060
$5,660

Loans are generally not recorded at fair value on a recurring basis.  Periodically, the Company records nonrecurring adjustments to the carrying value of loans based on fair value measurements for partial charge-offs of the uncollectible portions of those loans.  Nonrecurring adjustments also include certain impairment amounts for collateral-dependent loans calculated when establishing the allowance for credit losses. Such amounts are generally based on the fair value of the underlying collateral supporting the loan and, as a result, the carrying value of the loan less the calculated valuation amount does not necessarily represent the fair value of the loan. Real estate collateral is typically valued using independent appraisals or other indications of value based on recent comparable sales of similar properties or assumptions generally observable in the marketplace, adjusted for non-observable inputs.  Thus, the resulting nonrecurring fair value measurements are generally classified as Level 3. Estimates of fair value used for other collateral supporting commercial loans generally are based on assumptions not observable in the marketplace and, therefore, such valuations classify as Level 3.  At December 31, 2013, impaired loans recorded at fair value consisted of one loan that was valued using a purchase offer that did not require an adjustment for estimated costs.  As such, no unobservable inputs were utilized and it was classified as a Level 2 valuation.
 
 
 
22

 

Other real estate owned (“OREO”) is valued at the time the loan is foreclosed upon and the asset is transferred to OREO. The value is based primarily on third party appraisals, less costs to sell. The appraisals are sometimes further discounted based on management’s historical knowledge, changes in market conditions from the time of valuation, and/or management’s expertise and knowledge of the customer and customer’s business. Such discounts are significant, ranging from 10% to 75% at September 30, 2014 and result in a Level 3 classification of the inputs for determining fair value. OREO is reviewed and evaluated on at least a quarterly basis for additional impairment and adjusted accordingly, based on the same factors identified above. The Company recovers the carrying value of OREO through the sale of the property. The ability to affect future sales prices is subject to market conditions and factors beyond the Company’s control and may impact the estimated fair value of a property.

Originated mortgage servicing rights are recorded at their fair value at the time of sale of the underlying loan, and are amortized in proportion to and over the estimated period of net servicing income.  The fair value of mortgage servicing rights is based on a valuation model incorporating inputs that market participants would use in estimating future net servicing income.  Such inputs include estimates of the cost of servicing loans, appropriate discount rate and prepayment speeds and are considered to be unobservable and contribute to the Level 3 classification of mortgage servicing rights.  In accordance with GAAP, the Company must record impairment charges, on a nonrecurring basis, when the carrying value of a stratum exceeds its estimated fair value.  Impairment is recognized through a valuation allowance.  There is no valuation allowance at September 30, 2014 as the fair value of mortgage servicing rights of approximately $1.4 million exceeded the carrying value of approximately $1.1 million.

The Company evaluates goodwill for impairment on an annual basis, or more often if events or circumstances indicate there may be impairment.  The fair value of each reporting unit is compared to the carrying amount of that reporting unit in order to determine if impairment is indicated.  If so, the implied fair value of the reporting unit’s goodwill is compared to its carrying amount and the impairment loss is measured by the excess of the carrying value of the goodwill over fair value of the goodwill.  In such situations, the Company performs a discounted cash flow modeling technique that requires management to make estimates regarding the amount and timing of expected future cash flows of the assets and liabilities of the reporting unit that enable the Company to calculate the implied fair value of the goodwill.  It also requires use of a discount rate that reflects the current return expectation of the market in relation to present risk-free interest rates, expected equity market premiums, peer volatility indicators and company-specific risk indicators.  The Company did not recognize an impairment charge during 2013 or thus far in 2014.

The significant unobservable inputs used in the determination of fair value of assets classified as Level 3 on a recurring or non-recurring basis are as follows:
 
(000's omitted)
Fair Value at
September 30, 2014
Valuation Technique
Significant Unobservable Inputs
Significant
Unobservable Input
Range
(Weighted Average)
Other real estate owned
$3,619    
Fair Value of Collateral      
Estimated cost of disposal/market adjustment     
10.0%-75.1% (25.9%)  
Commitments to originate real
    estate loans for sale
170    
Discounted cash flow      
Embedded servicing value     
1%   

The significant unobservable inputs used in the determination of fair value of assets classified as Level 3 on a recurring or non-recurring basis as of December 31, 2013 are as follows:
 
(000's omitted)
Fair Value at
December 31, 2013
Valuation Technique
Significant Unobservable Inputs
Significant
Unobservable Input
Range
(Weighted Average)
Other real estate owned
$5,060  
Fair value of collateral    
Estimated cost of disposal/market adjustment   
11.0% - 54.4% (28.1%)  
Commitments to originate real
    estate loans for sale
44     
Discounted cash flow      
Embedded servicing value   
1%  

The Company determines fair values based on quoted market values, where available, estimates of present values, or other valuation techniques.  Those techniques are significantly affected by the assumptions used, including, but not limited to, the discount rate and estimates of future cash flows.  In that regard, the derived fair value estimates cannot be substantiated by comparison to independent markets and, in many cases, may not be realized in immediate settlement of the instrument.  Certain financial instruments and all nonfinancial instruments are excluded from fair value disclosure requirements.  Accordingly, the aggregate fair value amounts presented do not represent the underlying value of the Company.


 
23

 


The carrying amounts and estimated fair values of the Company’s other financial instruments that are not accounted for at fair value at September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013 are as follows:

 
September 30, 2014
 
December 31, 2013
 
Carrying
Fair
 
Carrying
Fair
(000's omitted)
Value
Value
 
Value
Value
Financial assets:
         
   Net loans
$4,171,971
$4,217,967
 
$4,064,764
$4,044,449
Financial liabilities:
         
   Deposits
5,967,331
5,967,675
 
5,896,044
5,898,138
   Borrowings
343,805
343,805
 
141,913
141,913
   Subordinated debt held by unconsolidated subsidiary trusts
102,115
93,435
 
102,097
109,284

The following is a further description of the principal valuation methods used by the Company to estimate the fair values of its financial instruments.
 
Loans have been classified as a Level 3 valuation.  Fair values for variable rate loans that reprice frequently are based on carrying values.  Fair values for fixed rate loans are estimated using discounted cash flows and interest rates currently being offered for loans with similar terms to borrowers of similar credit quality.

Deposits have been classified as a Level 2 valuation.  The fair value of demand deposits, interest-bearing checking deposits, savings accounts and money market deposits is the amount payable on demand at the reporting date.  The fair value of time deposit obligations are based on current market rates for similar products.

Borrowings have been classified as a Level 2 valuation.  The fair value of FHLB overnight advances is the amount payable on demand at the reporting date.  Fair values for long-term borrowings are estimated using discounted cash flows and interest rates currently being offered on similar borrowings, and are immaterial as of the reporting dates.

Subordinated debt held by unconsolidated subsidiary trusts have been classified as a Level 2 valuation.   The fair value of subordinated debt held by unconsolidated subsidiary trusts are estimated using discounted cash flows and interest rates currently being offered on similar securities.

Other financial assets and liabilities – Cash and cash equivalents have been classified as a Level 1 valuation, while accrued interest receivable and accrued interest payable have been classified as a Level 2 valuation.  The fair values of each approximate the respective carrying values because the instruments are payable on demand or have short-term maturities and present relatively low credit risk and interest rate risk.

NOTE L:  DERIVATIVE INSTRUMENTS

The Company is party to derivative financial instruments in the normal course of its business to meet the financing needs of its customers and to manage its own exposure to fluctuations in interest rates.  These financial instruments have been limited to commitments to originate real estate loans held for sale and forward sales commitments.  The Company does not hold or issue derivative financial instruments for trading or other speculative purposes.

The Company enters into forward sales commitments for the future delivery of residential mortgage loans, and interest rate lock commitments to fund loans at a specified interest rate.  The forward sales commitments are utilized to reduce interest rate risk associated with interest rate lock commitments and loans held for sale.  Changes in the estimated fair value of the forward sales commitments and interest rate lock commitments subsequent to inception are based on changes in the fair value of the underlying loan resulting from the fulfillment of the commitment and changes in the probability that the loan will fund within the terms of the commitment, which is affected primarily by changes in interest rates and the passage of time.  At inception and during the life of the interest rate lock commitment, the Company includes the expected net future cash flows related to the associated servicing of the loan as part of the fair value measurement of the interest rate lock commitments.  These derivatives are recorded at fair value.


 
24

 


The following table presents the Company’s derivative financial instruments, their estimated fair values, and balance sheet location as of September 30, 2014:

(000's omitted)
Location
Notional
Fair Value
 
Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments:
       
   Forward sales commitments
Other liabilities
$5,024
($7)
 
   Commitments to originate real estate loans for sale
Other assets
7,541
170
 
Total derivatives , net
   
$163
 

The following table presents the Company’s derivative financial instruments and the location of the net gain or loss recognized in the statement of income for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014:

   
Gain/(Loss) Recognized in the Statement of Income
(000's omitted)
Location
Three Months Ending
September 30, 2014
Nine Months Ending
September 30, 2014
Forward sales commitments
Mortgage banking and other services
$4
($34)
Commitments to originate real estate
    loans for sale
Mortgage banking and other services
28
126
Total, net
 
$32
$92

NOTE M:  SEGMENT INFORMATION

Operating segments are components of an enterprise, which are evaluated regularly by the “chief operating decision maker” in deciding how to allocate resources and assess performance.  The Company’s chief operating decision maker is the President and Chief Executive Officer of the Company. The Company has identified Banking, Employee Benefit Services and Wealth Management as its reportable operating business segments.  CBNA operates the banking segment that provides full-service banking to consumers, businesses and governmental units in northern, central and western New York as well as northern Pennsylvania.  Employee benefit services, which includes Benefit Plans Administrative Services, Inc. (“BPAS”) and subsidiaries with offices throughout the U.S. and Puerto Rico, provides employee benefit trust, collective investment fund, retirement plan administration, actuarial, VEBA/HRA and health and welfare consulting services.  Wealth management services activities include trust services provided by the personal trust unit within the Bank, investment and insurance products and services provided by Community Investment Services, Inc. (“CISI”) and CBNA Insurance Agency, Inc., and asset management provided by Nottingham Advisors, Inc.  The accounting policies used in the disclosure of business segments are the same as those described in the summary of significant accounting policies (See Note A, Summary of Significant Accounting Policies of the most recent Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013 filed with the SEC on March 3, 2014).


 
25

 


Information about reportable segments and reconciliation of the information to the consolidated financial statements follows:

(000's omitted) 
Banking
Employee
Benefit Services
Wealth
Management
Eliminations
Consolidated
Total
Three Months Ended September 30, 2014
         
Net interest income
$61,350  
$21
$23  
$0  
$61,394  
Provision for loan losses
1,747  
0
0  
0  
1,747  
Noninterest income
15,700  
11,049
4,809  
(486)  
31,072  
Amortization of intangible assets
850  
153
48  
0  
1,051  
Other operating expenses
46,837  
8,140
3,269  
(486)  
57,760  
Income before income taxes
$27,616  
$2,777
$1,515  
$0  
$31,908  
Assets
$7,476,030  
$29,605
$14,965  
($17,957)  
$7,502,643  
Goodwill
$364,495  
$8,019
$2,660  
$0  
$375,174  
           
Three Months Ended September 30, 2013
         
Net interest income
$60,566  
$16
$19  
$0  
$60,601  
Provision for loan losses
2,093  
0
0  
0  
2,093  
Noninterest income
14,372  
9,619
3,960  
(357)  
27,594  
Amortization of intangible assets
875  
157
57  
0  
1,089  
Other operating expenses
43,497  
7,810
3,005  
(357)  
53,955  
Income before income taxes
$28,473  
$1,668
$917  
$0  
$31,058  
Assets
$7,276,673  
$27,228
$12,635  
($14,519)  
$7,302,017  
Goodwill
$359,207  
$7,836
$2,660  
$0  
$369,703  
           
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2014
         
Net interest income
$182,537  
$67
$68  
$0  
$182,672  
Provision for loan losses
4,647  
0
0  
0  
4,647  
Noninterest income
43,922  
32,434
14,101  
(1,365)  
89,092  
Amortization of intangible assets
2,644  
496
153  
0  
3,293  
Other operating expenses
133,680  
24,622
9,666  
(1,365)  
166,603  
Income before income taxes
$85,488  
$7,383
$4,350  
$0  
$97,221  
           
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2013
         
Net interest income
$177,319  
$81
$58  
$0  
$177,458  
Provision for loan losses
4,807  
0
0  
0  
4,807  
Noninterest income
40,667  
29,249
12,095  
(1,210)  
80,801  
Amortization of intangible assets
2,720  
507
181  
0  
3,408  
Other operating expenses
129,674  
23,019
9,081  
(1,210)  
160,564  
Income before income taxes
$80,785  
$5,804
$2,891  
$0  
$89,480  
           



 
26

 


Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Introduction

This Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (“MD&A”) primarily reviews the financial condition and results of operations of Community Bank System, Inc. (the “Company” or “CBSI”) as of and for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, although in some circumstances the second quarter of 2014 is also discussed in order to more fully explain recent trends.  The following discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with the Company's Consolidated Financial Statements and related notes that appear on pages 3 through 26.  All references in the discussion to the financial condition and results of operations are to those of the Company and its subsidiaries taken as a whole.  Unless otherwise noted, the term “this year” refers to results in calendar year 2014, “third quarter” refers to the quarter ended September 30, 2014 and earnings per share (“EPS”) figures refer to diluted EPS.
 
This MD&A contains certain forward-looking statements with respect to the financial condition, results of operations and business of the Company.  These forward-looking statements involve certain risks and uncertainties.  Factors that may cause actual results to differ materially from those proposed by such forward-looking statements are set herein under the caption, “Forward-Looking Statements,” on page 44.

Critical Accounting Policies

As a result of the complex and dynamic nature of the Company’s business, management must exercise judgment in selecting and applying the most appropriate accounting policies for its various areas of operations.  The policy decision process not only ensures compliance with the latest generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”), but also reflects management’s discretion with regard to choosing the most suitable methodology for reporting the Company’s financial performance.  It is management’s opinion that the accounting estimates covering certain aspects of the business have more significance than others due to the relative importance of those areas to overall performance, or the level of subjectivity in the selection process.  These estimates affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities and shareholders’ equity and disclosures of revenues and expenses during the reporting period.  Actual results could differ from those estimates.  Management believes that critical accounting estimates include:

·
Acquired loans – Acquired loans are initially recorded at their acquisition date fair values based on a discounted cash flow methodology that involves assumptions and judgments as to credit risk, prepayment risk, liquidity risk, default rates, loss severity, payment speeds, collateral values and discount rate.

Acquired loans deemed impaired at acquisition are recorded in accordance with ASC 310-30.  The excess of undiscounted cash flows expected at acquisition over the estimated fair value is referred to as the accretable discount. The difference between contractually required payments at acquisition and the undiscounted cash flows expected to be collected at acquisition is referred to as the non-accretable discount, which represents estimated future credit losses and other contractually required payments that the Company does not expect to collect. Subsequent decreases in expected cash flows are recognized as impairments through a charge to the provision for credit losses resulting in an increase in the allowance for loan losses.  Subsequent improvements in expected cash flows result in a recovery of previously recorded allowance for loan losses or a reversal of a corresponding amount of the non-accretable discount, which the Company then reclassifies as an accretable discount that is recognized into interest income over the remaining life of the loans using the interest method.

For acquired loans that are not deemed impaired at acquisition, the difference between the acquisition date fair value and the outstanding balance represents the fair value adjustment for a loan and includes both credit and interest rate considerations. Subsequent to the purchase date, the methods used to estimate the allowance for loan losses for the acquired non-impaired loans is consistent with the policy described below.  However, the Company compares the net realizable value of the loans to the carrying value, for loans collectively evaluated for impairment.  The carrying value represents the net of the loan’s unpaid principal balance and the remaining purchase discount (or premium) that has yet to be accreted into interest income.  When the carrying value exceeds the net realizable value, an allowance for loan losses is recognized. For loans individually evaluated for impairment, a provision is recorded when the required allowance exceeds any remaining discount on the loan.

·
Allowance for loan losses – The allowance for loan losses reflects management’s best estimate of probable loan losses in the Company’s loan portfolio.  Determination of the allowance for loan losses is inherently subjective.  It requires significant estimates including the amounts and timing of expected future cash flows and evaluation of collateral values on impaired loans and the amount of estimated losses on pools of homogeneous loans which is based on historical loss experience and consideration of current economic trends, all of which may be susceptible to significant change.
 
 

 
27

 


·
Investment securities – Investment securities are classified as held-to-maturity, available-for-sale, or trading.  The appropriate classification is based partially on the Company’s ability to hold the securities to maturity and largely on management’s intentions with respect to either holding or selling the securities.  The classification of investment securities is significant since it directly impacts the accounting for unrealized gains and losses on securities.  Unrealized gains and losses on available-for-sale securities are recorded in accumulated other comprehensive income or loss, as a separate component of shareholders’ equity and do not affect earnings until realized.  The fair values of investment securities are generally determined by reference to quoted market prices, where available.  If quoted market prices are not available, fair values are based on quoted market prices of comparable instruments, or a discounted cash flow model using market estimates of the amount and timing of future cash flows, prepayment speed assumptions, expected interest rate curve, and the selection of discount rates that appropriately reflect market and credit risks.  Investment securities with significant declines in fair value are evaluated to determine whether they should be considered other-than-temporarily impaired (“OTTI”).  An unrealized loss is generally deemed to be other-than-temporary and a credit loss is deemed to exist if the present value of the expected future cash flows is less than the amortized cost basis of the debt security.  The credit loss component of an OTTI write-down is recorded in earnings, while the remaining portion of the impairment loss is recognized in other comprehensive income (loss), provided the Company does not intend to sell the underlying debt security, and it is not more likely than not that the Company will be required to sell the debt security prior to recovery of the full value of its amortized cost basis.

·
Retirement benefits – The Company provides defined benefit pension benefits to eligible employees and post-retirement health and life insurance benefits to certain eligible retirees.  The Company also provides deferred compensation and supplemental executive retirement plans for selected current and former employees and officers.  Expense under these plans is charged to current operations and consists of several components of net periodic benefit cost based on various actuarial assumptions regarding future experience under the plans, including, but not limited to, discount rate, rate of future compensation increases, mortality rates, future health care costs and expected return on plan assets.

·
Intangible assets – As a result of acquisitions, the Company has acquired goodwill and identifiable intangible assets.&#