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Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals Presents New Phase 2 Data of Zodasiran in Patients with Mixed Hyperlipidemia

- Zodasiran significantly reduced triglycerides and atherogenic triglyceride rich lipoproteins across all dose levels at Week 24

- Data presented at European Atherosclerosis Society 92nd Congress and simultaneously published in the New England Journal of Medicine

Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (NASDAQ: ARWR) today announced results from the Phase 2b double blind, randomized ARCHES-2 study of investigational zodasiran (formerly ARO-ANG3) in patients with mixed hyperlipidemia. Zodasiran was associated with robust and durable reductions in triglycerides, triglyceride rich lipoprotein remnants, and total atherogenic lipoproteins, including LDL-C. These data were presented in a late-breaking oral presentation today at the European Atherosclerosis Society (EAS) 92nd Congress and simultaneously published in the New England Journal of Medicine.

“Results from clinical studies of zodasiran, including those for the ARCHES-2 study in patients with mixed hyperlipidemia presented today at EAS and published in the New England Journal of Medicine, continue to support ANGPTL3 as an exciting target for an RNAi-based gene silencing strategy,” said Bruce Given, M.D., interim chief medical scientist at Arrowhead. “Genetic studies show that ANGPTL3 loss-of-function variants lead to enhanced lipoprotein lipase and endothelial lipase activity, resulting in lower concentrations of most plasma lipoproteins, including triglyceride rich lipoproteins, LDL-C, VLDL/remnant cholesterol, and HDL-C. Individuals with these variants also have demonstrated a markedly reduced risk of ASCVD and have no known adverse clinical phenotypes1-3.”

Robert Rosenson, M.D., Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, and Principal Investigator for the ARCHES-2 study added, “The potent reductions in serum lipids and lipoproteins and favorable safety profile seen in the ARCHES-2 clinical study of zodasiran suggest its potential to treat residual ASCVD risk in patients with elevated triglyceride rich lipoproteins. The genetic data around ANGPTL3 as a target are very compelling and support further Phase 3 studies to determine whether the large reductions in triglyceride rich lipoproteins observed after zodasiran treatment can replicate the genetic data and reduce ASCVD risk.”

Select ARCHES-2 Results

Zodasiran treatment was associated with dose-dependent placebo adjusted reductions in triglycerides, remnant cholesterol, LDL-C, ApoB, and Non-HDL-C across all dose levels in patients with mixed hyperlipidemia.

At week 24, representing trough effect, zodasiran treatment at 50, 100, and 200 mg on day 1 and week 12 was associated with placebo adjusted reductions in triglycerides of -51%, -57%, and -63% (all p<0.001) respectively. ANPTL3, the genetic target of zodasiran, was reduced compared with placebo by -54%, -70%, and -74%, and remnant cholesterol levels were reduced by -73%, -76%, and -82%, which strongly correlated with changes in triglyceride levels.

Changes in other atherogenic lipoprotein parameters were also observed across all three dose levels. At week 24, the following placebo adjusted changes were observed for the 200 mg dose: LDL-C -20%, ApoB -22%; Non-HDL-C -36%.

In a subset of patients with baseline liver fat fraction greater than 8%, dose-dependent liver fat reductions, measured by MRI-PDFF, were observed reaching -28% with the 200 mg dose compared with -2% with placebo.

Safety and Tolerability

Zodasiran demonstrated a favorable safety profile in patients with mixed hyperlipidemia in the ARCHES-2 study. Treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) were generally balanced between treatment and placebo groups and generally reflected the comorbidities and underlying conditions of the study population. There were no clinically meaningful changes in laboratory safety evaluations, no changes in mean platelet counts, and modest changes in HbA1c.

Details about the EAS presentation is listed below.

European Atherosclerosis Society (EAS) 92nd Congress – May 26-29, 2024


Date/Time: May 29, 2024, 11:30 a.m. CEST

Presenter: Robert Rosenson, M.D.

Session: Late Breaker Session 2: New Therapeutic Agents

Presentation materials may be accessed on the Events and Presentations page under the Investors section of the Arrowhead website after the presentation concludes.

About ARCHES-2

ARCHES-2 (NCT04832971) is a double-blind, placebo-controlled dose-ranging Phase 2b clinical study of zodasiran in 204 participants with mixed hyperlipidemia. Participants with fasting triglycerides between 150-499 mg/dL and either LDL-cholesterol greater than 70 mg/dL or non-HDL-cholesterol greater 100 mg/dL were randomly assigned in a 3:1 ratio to receive subcutaneous injections of 50, 100, or 200 mg zodasiran or placebo on day 1 and week 12 and followed through week 36. The primary objective of the study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of plozasiran in adults with mixed hyperlipidemia.

About Mixed Hyperlipidemia

Mixed hyperlipidemia, also called mixed dyslipidemia, is a highly prevalent disorder characterized by elevated low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and triglyceride levels. Despite the efficacy of LDL-C-lowering therapies in reducing atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk in mixed hyperlipidemia, there remains substantial residual risk attributed to elevated non-HDL driven by remnant cholesterol in triglyceride-rich lipoproteins4-7h. Genome-wide association and Mendelian randomization studies also support a causal role for triglyceride rich lipoproteins in ASCVD8-11.

About Zodasiran

Zodasiran, previously called ARO-ANG33, is a first-in-class investigational RNA interference (RNAi) therapeutic designed to reduce production of angiopoietin-like protein (ANGPTL3), which is a hepatocyte expressed regulator of lipid and lipoprotein metabolism with multiple potential modes of action, including inhibition of lipoprotein lipase (LPL) and endothelial lipase (EL)12,13. Genetic studies suggest that individuals with ANGPTL3 loss-of-function variants have enhanced lipoprotein lipase and endothelial lipase activity, resulting in lower levels atherogenic lipoproteins and a reduced risk of ASCVD1-3.

In clinical studies, investigational zodasiran demonstrated a favorable safety profile and was associated with dose-dependent reductions in triglycerides, triglyceride rich lipoprotein remnants, and total atherogenic lipoproteins, including LDL-C, in patients with homozygous and heterozygous familial cholesterolemia (HoFH) and mixed hyperlipidemia.

About Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals

Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals develops medicines that treat intractable diseases by silencing the genes that cause them. Using a broad portfolio of RNA chemistries and efficient modes of delivery, Arrowhead therapies trigger the RNA interference mechanism to induce rapid, deep, and durable knockdown of target genes. RNA interference, or RNAi, is a mechanism present in living cells that inhibits the expression of a specific gene, thereby affecting the production of a specific protein. Arrowhead’s RNAi-based therapeutics leverage this natural pathway of gene silencing.

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Source: Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals, Inc.


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